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GMS J Med Educ ; 40(2): Doc16, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2325837


Background: Virtual reality (VR) can offer an innovative approach to providing training in emergency situations, especially in times of COVID-19. There is no risk of infection, and the procedure is scalable and resource-efficient. Nevertheless, the challenges and problems that can arise in the development of VR training are often unclear or underestimated. As an example, we present the evaluation of the feasibility of development of a VR training session for the treatment of dyspnoea. This is based on frameworks for serious games, and provides lessons learned. We evaluate the VR training session with respect to usability, satisfaction, as well as perceived effectiveness and workload of participants. Methods: The VR training was developed using the established framework (Steps 1-4) for serious games of Verschueren et al. and Nicholson's RECIPE elements for meaningful gamification. Primary validation (Step 4) was performed at the University of Bern, Switzerland, in a pilot study without control group, with a convenience sample of medical students (n=16) and established measurement tools. Results: The theoretical frameworks permitted guided development of the VR training session. Validation gave a median System Usability Scale of 80 (IQR 77.5-85); for the User Satisfaction Evaluation Questionnaire, the median score was 27 (IQR 26-28). After the VR training, there was a significant gain in the participants' confidence in treating a dyspnoeic patient (median pre-training 2 (IQR 2-3) vs. post-training 3 (IQR 3-3), p=0.016).Lessons learned include the need for involving medical experts, medical educators and technical experts at an equivalent level during the entire development process. Peer-teaching guidance for VR training was feasible. Conclusion: The proposed frameworks can be valuable tools to guide the development and validation of scientifically founded VR training. The new VR training session is easy and satisfying to use and is effective - and is almost without motion sickness.

COVID-19 , Virtual Reality , Humans , Pilot Projects , COVID-19/epidemiology , Emergency Treatment , Dyspnea/therapy
Am J Gastroenterol ; 117(5): 798-801, 2022 05 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1835980


INTRODUCTION: The response to SARS-CoV-2 vaccination of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on immune-modifying therapies requires further investigation because previous studies indicate that patients on immune therapy might have decreased antibody concentrations. METHODS: We present the antireceptor binding domain antibody response over a period of 3 months in 217 patients with IBD who completed standard 2-dose SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccine series. RESULTS: Almost all (98.6%) IBD vaccine recipients had a positive antireceptor binding domain antibody response at least 3 months after vaccination. Decreased antibody titers at 3 months were seen in a subset of patients on antitumor necrosis factor-alpha. Approximately 10% of the participants with high-titer antibodies at 1 month had a decrease to low-positive titers at 3 months, which was mostly observed in those on combination therapy and antitumor necrosis factor-alpha monotherapy. DISCUSSION: Larger longitudinal studies are required to define the response in IBD population and its clinical impact.

COVID-19 , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Antibodies, Viral , Antibody Formation , BNT162 Vaccine , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/drug therapy , Necrosis , RNA, Messenger , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination , Vaccines, Synthetic , mRNA Vaccines
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 20(7): 1609-1612.e1, 2022 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1611654


Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are recommended to receive vaccination against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), regardless of their immunosuppression status. Immunosuppressive medications represent a mainstay of therapy in moderate to severe IBD; however, their impact on the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine response remains unclear. Studies thus far have shown that patients with IBD on various therapies had detectable antibody responses after standard vaccinations.1-5 To date, one study has examined the kinetics of antibody response at 3 months after vaccination in patients with IBD, but data beyond this time point are not yet available.6 The aim of this study was to assess anti-spike antibody response 6 months after completion of standard SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in patients with IBD. Secondarily, we observed antibody kinetics over 6 months in a subset of patients post-vaccination.

COVID-19 , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Viral Vaccines , Antibody Formation , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/drug therapy , RNA, Messenger , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination , Viral Vaccines/genetics