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1.
Psychiatr Serv ; 72(11): 1324-1327, 2021 11 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1242223

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The authors examined access to care among persons with serious mental illness during the pandemic and disparities in use of virtual care among this population versus among individuals with other psychiatric diagnoses. METHODS: Data from the Veterans Health Administration were used to examine whether the number of visits for serious mental illness differed for January-September 2019 versus the same period in 2020. Mixed-effects regression analyses tested whether the post-COVID-19 rate of growth in virtual care differed for people with serious mental illnesses versus those with other diagnoses. RESULTS: Fewer visits for serious mental illnesses occurred during the initial weeks of the pandemic but not subsequently. The rate of growth in video visits during 2020 was slower for serious mental illnesses than for other psychiatric diagnoses. CONCLUSIONS: Several months after the pandemic's start, the total number of visits for serious mental illnesses was similar to 2019; however, adoption of video care was slower than for other psychiatric diagnoses.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Mental Disorders , Veterans , Health Services Accessibility , Humans , Mental Disorders/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Community Ment Health J ; 57(5): 801-807, 2021 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1118243

ABSTRACT

Individuals attending residential rehabilitation programs for substance misuse are particularly vulnerable to treatment disruptions spurred by the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. We describe adaptations to services within a large residential rehabilitation program for under-resourced veterans, report veterans' experiences with these changes, and outline successes and challenges encountered throughout adjustment to the pandemic. Data collected from two focus groups with nine veterans engaged in this program during the pandemic highlight experiences of inconsistent communication about residential policies, interruptions to medical and addiction services, and feelings of confinement and social isolation. Overall, these findings suggest the need for health systems to support clients in taking an active role in communications, provide additional technical and social support in transitioning to virtual health services, and offer alternative means for clients to maintain social connection during a pandemic. Understanding clients' perspectives can inform strategies to promote continuity of care and enhanced care experiences.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Delivery of Health Care , Health Services Accessibility , Patient Satisfaction , Substance-Related Disorders/rehabilitation , Veterans/psychology , Humans , Interviews as Topic , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Substance-Related Disorders/epidemiology , United States/epidemiology , United States Department of Veterans Affairs
3.
Ethn Dis ; 30(4): 695-700, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-808403

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus pandemic of 2019 (COVID-19) has created unprecedented changes to everyday life for millions of Americans due to job loss, school closures, stay-at-home orders and health and mortality consequences. In turn, physicians, academics, and policymakers have turned their attention to the public mental health toll of COVID-19. This commentary reporting from the field integrates perceptions of academic, community, health system, and policy leaders from state, county, and local levels in commenting on community mental health needs in the COVID-19 pandemic. Stakeholders noted the broad public health scope of mental health challenges while expressing concern about exacerbation of existing disparities in access and adverse social determinants, including for communities with high COVID-19 infection rates, such as African Americans and Latinos. They noted rapid changes toward telehealth and remote care, and the importance of understanding impacts of changes, including who may benefit or have limited access, with implications for future services delivery. Needs for expanded workforce and training in mental health were noted, as well as potential public health value of expanding digital resources tailored to local populations for enhancing resilience to stressors. The COVID-19 pandemic has led to changes in delivery of health care services across populations and systems. Concerns over the mental health impact of COVID-19 has enhanced interest in remote mental care delivery and preventive services, while being mindful of potential for enhanced disparities and needs to address social determinants of health. Ongoing quality improvement across systems can integrate lessons learned to enhance a public mental well-being.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections , Delivery of Health Care , Health Services Needs and Demand/organization & administration , Mental Health/trends , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Public Health , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Delivery of Health Care/organization & administration , Delivery of Health Care/trends , Humans , Organizational Innovation , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Public Health/methods , Public Health/trends , Quality Improvement , SARS-CoV-2 , United States/epidemiology
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