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Int J Mol Sci ; 22(8)2021 Apr 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1196033


Amyloidoses are a group of diseases associated with the formation of pathological protein fibrils with cross-ß structures. Approximately 5-10% of the cases of these diseases are determined by amyloidogenic mutations, as well as by transmission of infectious amyloids (prions) between organisms. The most common group of so-called sporadic amyloidoses is associated with abnormal aggregation of wild-type proteins. Some sporadic amyloidoses are known to be induced only against the background of certain pathologies, but in some cases the cause of amyloidosis is unclear. It is assumed that these diseases often occur by accident. Here we present facts and hypotheses about the association of sporadic amyloidoses with vascular pathologies, trauma, oxidative stress, cancer, metabolic diseases, chronic infections and COVID-19. Generalization of current data shows that all sporadic amyloidoses can be regarded as a secondary event occurring against the background of diseases provoking a cellular stress response. Various factors causing the stress response provoke protein overproduction, a local increase in the concentration or modifications, which contributes to amyloidogenesis. Progress in the treatment of vascular, metabolic and infectious diseases, as well as cancers, should lead to a significant reduction in the risk of sporadic amyloidoses.

Amyloidosis/etiology , Stress, Physiological , Brain Injuries/complications , Communicable Diseases/complications , Humans , Metabolic Diseases/complications , Neoplasms/complications , Oxidative Stress , Vascular Diseases/complications
Prion ; 15(1): 53-55, 2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1193688


The severe course of COVID-19 causes systemic chronic inflammation and thrombosis in a wide variety of organs and tissues. The nature of these inflammations remains a mystery, although they are known to occur against the background of a high level of cytokine production. The high level of cytokines provokes overproduction of the Serum amyloid A (SAA) protein. Moreover, the number of studies has shown that the severe COVID-19 causes SAA overproduction. The authors of these works regard a high level of SAA exclusively as a biomarker of COVID-19. However, it should be borne in mind that overproduction of SAA can cause systemic AA amyloidosis. SAA forms cytotoxic amyloid deposits in various organs and induces inflammation and thrombosis. The consequences of COVID-19 infection are surprisingly similar to the clinical picture that is observed in AA amyloidosis. Here I present the hypothesis that AA amyloidosis is a factor causing systemic complications after coronavirus disease.

Amyloidosis , COVID-19 , Serum Amyloid A Protein , Amyloidosis/blood , Amyloidosis/physiopathology , Amyloidosis/virology , Biomarkers , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/physiopathology , Humans , Inflammation