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Neurol Sci ; 44(6): 1855-1860, 2023 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2276116


BACKGROUNDS: Several neurological manifestations, including stroke, have been reported in COVID-19 patients. The putative role of the COVID-19-related hyperinflammatory state in cerebrovascular disorders remains unclear. METHODS: From March 2020 to September 2021, we searched for patients who exhibited an ischemic stroke related to carotid free-floating thrombus (CFFT) to investigate its incidence and relationship with COVID-19. RESULTS: Of 853 ischemic strokes referred to our Stroke Centre during the study period, 5.7% (n = 49) were positive for SARS-CoV-2. Six had CFFT, of which two tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 (2/49 = 4.1%), and four did not (4/802 = 0.5%). The former were two middle-aged men suffering from COVID-19 pneumonia. Floating thrombi were promptly extracted by endarterectomy and endovascular thrombectomy, respectively, with no early and long-term complications. Notably, our COVID-19 patients exhibited little or no atherosclerosis burden on CT angiography, markedly elevated D-dimer levels, and extensive thrombus length. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19-induced immunothrombosis possibly played a significant pathogenic role in CFFT.

COVID-19 , Stroke , Thrombosis , Male , Middle Aged , Humans , COVID-19/complications , Thromboinflammation , Cytokine Release Syndrome/complications , SARS-CoV-2 , Stroke/diagnostic imaging , Stroke/etiology , Thrombosis/complications , Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging
Biomolecules ; 12(5)2022 04 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1809689


Neurological symptoms are increasingly recognized in SARS-CoV-2 infected individuals. However, the neuropathogenesis remains unclear and it is not possible to define a specific damage pattern due to brain virus infection. In the present study, 33 cases of brain autopsies performed during the first (February-April 2020) and the second/third (November 2020-April 2021) pandemic waves are described. In all the cases, SARS-CoV-2 RNA was searched. Pathological findings are described and compared with those presently published.

COVID-19 , Adult , Autopsy , Brain , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , RNA, Viral , SARS-CoV-2