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5.
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation ; 36(SUPPL 1):i539, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1402527

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Remdesivir is the only treatment that has been shown to be useful against SARS-CoV-2 infection. It shorts hospitalization time compared to placebo. Kidney transplant (KT) patients were not included in these studies, therefore, its effects in this population is limited to some published cases. METHOD: We performed a retrospective observational study that included all KT patients admitted between August 01, 2020 and November 17, 2020 with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia who received treatment with remdesivir. Patients received a 200mg loading dose followed by 100 mg/day maintenance dose for 5 days. The objective of this study was to describe the experience of a cohort of KT patients treated with remdesivir. RESULTS: A total of 36 KT patients developed SARS-CoV-2 infection, 6 of them received treatment with remdesivir. The rest of the patients did not receive the drug due to either CKD-EPI less than 30 mL/min or they did not present clinical criteria. In addition to remdesivir, all pacients received dexamethasone and anticoagulation therapy. Immunosuppression was suspended in all patients, maintaining only dexamethasone. 50% were men, the median age was 58.5 (52.75-68) years. 67% had unknown underlying kidney disease, 83% were hypertensive and 33% had diabetes. All patients received KT from deceased brain donor and 50% received thymoglobulin as induction treatment. Median time from transplantation was 49 (20.5-135.5) months, with median glomerular filtration at admission of 47.5 (42.25-63.25) mL/min. The most frequent clinical manifestation was dry cough and dyspnea (83%), followed by tachypnea and fever (67%). Chest X-rays of all patients showed pulmonary infiltrates and required low oxygen flow therapy upon admission, requiring high flow nasal therapy in 33% of cases during admission. Only 17% of the cases presented deterioration of the graft function, not requiring hemodialysis in any case, and all recovered renal function at hospital discharge. No patient died or required admission to the critical care unit. Median days of admission was 12 (10-18) days. CONCLUSION: KT patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia under treatment with remdesivir have a good clinical course, with few cases of renal function deterioration and a low mortality rate. Additional studies are necessary with a larger number of patients to improve the knowledge of remdesivir in KT with SARS-CoV-2 infection.

6.
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation ; 36(SUPPL 1):i526-i527, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1402524

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The treatment of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is based on the patient's clinical status and levels of inflammatory biomarkers. The comparative activity of these biomarkers in KT patients with COVID-19 pneumonia from severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and non-SARSCoV- 2 aetiologies is unknown. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical presentation and inflammatory parameters at admission of KT patients with COVID- 19 pneumonia and those with non-COVID-19 pneumonia over the same period. METHOD: Biomarkers were measured and compared between KT patients with COVID-19 pneumonia (n=42) and non-COVID-19 pneumonia (n=18) from March to November 2020. RESULTS: Both groups showed comparable demographics. The COVID-19 KT patients had fewer neutrophils (4,650 [2,925-9,498] vs. 9,100 [7,170-11,150],p=0.01) than the non-COVID group, although there was no significant difference in the lymphocyte count. Non-COVID-19 pneumonia was associated with a higher d-dimer (962 [427-1,448] vs. 1,704 [868-2,481],p=0.09) and IL-6 (37 [23-10] vs 254 [53- 602],p=0.006) levels. The ferritin level was higher in the COVID-19 group (908 [496- 1,377] vs. 340 [264-785],p=0.008). CONCLUSION: COVID-19 pneumonia in KT recipients shows a different presentation of inflammatory biomarkers than other non-COVID pneumonias. It could be usefully to identify KT patients with COVID-19.More detailed studies are necessary to understand the presentation of biomarkers in KT with COVID-19.

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