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1.
EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-310918

ABSTRACT

A study of the dynamical formation of networks of friends and enemies in social media, in this case Twitter, is presented. We characterise the single node properties of such networks, as the clustering coefficient and the degree, to investigate the structure of links. The results indicate that the network is made from three kinds of nodes: one with high clustering coefficient but very small degree, a second group has zero clustering coefficient with variable degree, and finally, a third group in which the clustering coefficient as a function of the degree decays as a power law. This third group represents $\sim2\%$ of the nodes and is characteristic of dynamical networks with feedback. This part of the lattice seemingly represents strongly interacting friends in a real social network.

3.
PLoS One ; 16(1): e0244326, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1007117

ABSTRACT

Dealing with traffic congestion is one of the most pressing challenges for cities. Transport authorities have implemented several strategies to reduce traffic jams with varying degrees of success. The use of reversible lanes is a common approach to improve traffic congestion during rush hours. A reversible lane can change its direction during a time interval to the more congested direction. This strategy can improve traffic congestion in specific scenarios. Most reversible lanes in urban roads are fixed in time and number; however, traffic patterns in cities are highly variable and unpredictable due to this phenomenon's complex nature. Therefore, reversible lanes may not improve traffic flow under certain circumstances; moreover, they could worsen it because of traffic fluctuations. In this paper, we use cellular automata to model adaptive reversible lanes(aka dynamic reversible lanes). Adaptive reversible lanes can change their direction using real-time information to respond to traffic demand fluctuations. Using real traffic data, our model shows that adaptive reversible lanes can improve traffic flow up to 40% compared to conventional reversible lanes. Our results show that there are significant fluctuations in traffic flow even during rush hours, and thus cities would benefit from implementing adaptive reversible lanes.


Subject(s)
Models, Theoretical , Automobile Driving , Cities , Computer Simulation , Environment Design
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