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Int J Cancer ; 2021 Dec 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1623243

ABSTRACT

To describe the clinical outcomes and risk factors for 90-day mortality in patients with solid tumours (ST) and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) during the first outbreak in Catalonia. This is a multicentre retrospective study including adults with ST and COVID-19 confirmed by real time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction between 13 March and 30 April 2020. Clinical and survival data were collected. Follow-up ended on 30 July 2020. Multivariate and survival analysis were performed. A hundred and fifteen patients were included. In all, 42.6% had advanced disease and were receiving anticancer treatment; 7% were admitted to the ICU and 22.6% died during hospitalisation. Thirty-day mortality was 27.8%, which increased to 33.9% at 90 days. Ninety-day mortality was associated with current smoker status (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.91, 95% CI [confidence interval]: 1.03-8.33, P = .044), baseline ECOG-PS 2 to 3 (HR: 3.88, 95% CI: 1.77-8.46, P < .001]), dyspnoea (HR: 3.02, 95% CI: 1.31-6.96, P = .009), a respiratory rate ≥ 24 (HR: 2.24, 95% CI: 1.02-4.92, P = .046) and sepsis (HR: 3.97, 95% CI: 1.78-8.88, P < .001). Of the 76 survivors, 73.6% had a follow-up visit. Of those, 33.9% had their cancer controlled and 23.2% had progressed. Thirty-five survivors were receiving anticancer treatment before COVID-19 diagnosis though 14 had to discontinue the treatment. Eight survivors without previous anticancer therapy started therapy. The median time to start anticancer therapy after COVID-19 was 45 days (interquartile range: 28-61). In conclusion, 90-day mortality in patients with ST and COVID-19 was 33.9%; current smoker status, poor ECOG-PS, dyspnoea, respiratory rate ≥24 and sepsis were independent risk factors for mortality; and survivors did not restart their anticancer treatment until 1.5 months after COVID-19 diagnosis.

2.
Clin Immunol ; 223: 108631, 2021 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-919716

ABSTRACT

Although the starting event in COVID-19 is a viral infection some patients present with an over-exuberant inflammatory response, leading to acute lung injury (ALI) and adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Since IL-6 plays a critical role in the inflammatory response, we assessed the efficacy and safety of tocilizumab (TCZ) in this single-centre, observational study in all Covid-19 in-patient with a proven SARS-CoV-2 rapidly progressing infection to prevent ALI and ARDS. 104 patients with COVID-19 treated with TCZ had a lower mortality rate (5·8%) compared with the regional mortality rate (11%), hospitalized patient's mortality (10%), and slightly lower than hospitalized patients treated with our standard of care alone (6%). We found that TCZ rapidly decreased acute phase reactants, ferritin and liver release of proteins. D-Dimer decreased slowly. We did not observe specific safety concerns. Early administration of IL6-R antagonists in COVID-19 patients with impending hyperinflammatory response, may be safe and effective treatment to prevent, ICU admission and further complications.


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury/drug therapy , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/therapeutic use , COVID-19/drug therapy , Cytokine Release Syndrome/drug therapy , Inflammation/drug therapy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/drug therapy , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , Acute Lung Injury/mortality , Aged , COVID-19/mortality , Cohort Studies , Cytokine Release Syndrome/mortality , Female , Ferritins/metabolism , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products/metabolism , Humans , Inflammation/mortality , Male , Middle Aged , Receptors, Interleukin-6/immunology , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/mortality , Survival Analysis
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