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1.
Archivos Venezolanos de Farmacologia y Terapeutica ; 41(4):251-258, 2022.
Article in Spanish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2033357

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the concern about COVID-19 infection in Peruvian teachers of regular basic education when returning to face-to-face education. Materials and methods: The research approach was quan-titative;the design was non-experimental and the descriptive type transectional. The sample was made up of 225 teachers from the initial, primary, and secondary education levels to whom the COVID-19 Infection Concern Scale was applied, an instrument with adequate levels of validity and reliability. Subsequently, the responses were systematized and analyzed using SPSS® version 25 software. Results: It was identified that 39.6% of the teachers presented moderate levels of concern about COVID-19 infec-tion, 34.7% had low levels and 25.7% showed high levels. Among the main concerns, they highlighted considering that in educational institutions there were some risks, such as the presence of students and parents who do not use masks cor-rectly and do not wash their hands properly, which generated concern and fear of infecting them. COVID-19 after leaving work to their relatives or people with whom they lived. Like-wise, it was determined that some sociodemographic and medical variables were significantly associated (p<0.05) with said concern. Conclusions: It was determined that teachers characterized themselves as presenting moderate levels of concern about COVID-19 infection and it was established that female teachers, who were over 40 years old, who were not vac-cinated, who had comorbidities and had previously been infected with COVID-19 had slightly higher levels than the other contrast groups.

2.
Archivos Venezolanos de Farmacologia y Terapeutica ; 41(4):264-270, 2022.
Article in Spanish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1997973

ABSTRACT

Introduction: In recent years, the use of computers, laptops, tablets and smartphones has experienced a constant in-crease, and even more so, the health emergency caused by COVID-19 has caused a significant increase in the amount of connection time to said devices. because the teaching mo-dality changed from face-to-face to virtual. Objective: To determine the prevalence and sociodemo-graphic variables associated with computer visual syndrome (VIS) in Peruvian university students during the COVID-19 health emergency. Materials and methods: The research had a quantitative approach;the design was non-experimental and the tran-sectional descriptive type. The sample was made up of 215 students from the professional career of Education to whom the Computer Syndrome Questionnaire (SVI-Q) was applied, an instrument with acceptable levels of reliability and validity. Subsequently, the responses were systematized and ana-lyzed using the SPSS® software. Results: It was determined that there is a high prevalence of SVI and that some sociodemographic variables such as gender, age group, time of exposure to digital devices, as well as having a pre-existing eye disease were significantly associated with said prevalence (p<0.05). Conclusions: It is necessary to promote the application of preventive strategies, such as the 20-20-20 rule, and to im-prove ergonomic conditions, such as the use of adequate seats, anti-glare screens and brightness adjustment to re-duce the prevalence. and symptoms associated with IVS.

3.
Archivos Venezolanos de Farmacologia y Terapeutica ; 41(4):226-233, 2022.
Article in Spanish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1997972

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic and the accelerated spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus have caused governments to decree mandatory social isolation in many countries, causing people to change their habits, among which the time spent on the Internet stands out. Although the Internet has provided valuable opportunities in scientific, communicative, and social aspects of society, it’s inappropriate and extreme use, mostly for recreational purposes, is a serious threat to the health and well-being of the population, especially children. youths. Therefore, this research aimed to analyze internet addiction (IA) in undergraduate students at a private Peruvian university during the COVID-19 pandemic. The approach was quan titative, the design was non-experimental, and the type was descriptive of transectional cut. The sample consisted of 265 students and the instrument used for data collection was the Lima Internet Addiction Scale, which had adequate validity and reliability. The results indicate that 43.4% of the students presented moderate levels of IA, characterized mainly by the fact that they spent more time on the Internet than they intended, after having disconnected they felt that they wanted to continue connected to the Internet and they came to have problems in the university for such conduct. It was concluded that the predominant level of IA in students was moderate and that some sociodemographic and academic variables such as gender, age group, connection time, as well as previous academic performance were significantly associated with the said disorder (p<0.05).

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