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Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs ; 81(5):687-688, 2020.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1485560


Comments on article by M. G. Monteiro et al. (see record 2020-61236-001). Monteiro and colleagues (2020) wrote that we might see increases in alcohol-related morbidity and mortality because of the economic decline related to the COVID-19 pandemic. They also noted that there could be increases in alcohol-attributable suicides. The current authors wish to point out that there might be policy-relevant linkages among these phenomena. Several studies reviewed and suggest that suicide is frequently associated with acute alcohol consumption. Acute alcohol use might be one of the mechanisms underlying the complex connections between unemployment and suicide. Importantly, the current authors' research shows that alcohol ingestion itself might be a key risk factor for suicide during and shortly after economic contractions. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved)

Nutrients ; 13(8)2021 Aug 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1367877


Evidence for effective government policies to reduce exposure to alcohol's carcinogenic and hepatoxic effects has strengthened in recent decades. Policies with the strongest evidence involve reducing the affordability, availability and cultural acceptability of alcohol. However, policies that reduce population consumption compete with powerful commercial vested interests. This paper draws on the Canadian Alcohol Policy Evaluation (CAPE), a formal assessment of effective government action on alcohol across Canadian jurisdictions. It also draws on alcohol policy case studies elsewhere involving attempts to introduce minimum unit pricing and cancer warning labels on alcohol containers. Canadian governments collectively received a failing grade (F) for alcohol policy implementation during the most recent CAPE assessment in 2017. However, had the best practices observed in any one jurisdiction been implemented consistently, Canada would have received an A grade. Resistance to effective alcohol policies is due to (1) lack of public awareness of both need and effectiveness, (2) a lack of government regulatory mechanisms to implement effective policies, (3) alcohol industry lobbying, and (4) a failure from the public health community to promote specific and feasible actions as opposed to general principles, e.g., 'increased prices' or 'reduced affordability'. There is enormous untapped potential in most countries for the implementation of proven strategies to reduce alcohol-related harm. While alcohol policies have weakened in many countries during the COVID-19 pandemic, societies may now also be more accepting of public health-inspired policies with proven effectiveness and potential economic benefits.

Alcohol Drinking/legislation & jurisprudence , Alcoholic Beverages/legislation & jurisprudence , Health Policy , Public Health , Alcohol Drinking/adverse effects , Alcoholic Beverages/economics , COVID-19/epidemiology , Canada , Commerce/economics , Commerce/standards , Costs and Cost Analysis , Government Programs , Government Regulation , Humans , Pandemics , Product Labeling/legislation & jurisprudence , Public Policy , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification
Drug Alcohol Rev ; 41(1): 24-26, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1169785


Even as women's roles have expanded substantially beyond traditional sex stereotypes, women are still commonly portrayed as uncomplaining caregivers, long-suffering intimate partners and in control of family matters, all while maintaining a sexualised femininity. Nowhere are these stereotypes and expectations more apparent than for mothers. However, some social media are exploiting mothers by inappropriately offering alcohol consumption as a solution to the challenges of parenting. This is a very timely topic, given the impacts of COVID-19 on family and home life, and potential for an increase in alcohol-related problems and health harms. We address these issues and offer alternatives to alcohol consumption as an easy solution to countering challenges of parenthood.

COVID-19 , Mummies , Alcohol Drinking , Female , Humans , Marketing , Mothers , Parenting , SARS-CoV-2