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Orv Hetil ; 164(4): 132-139, 2023 Jan 29.
Article in Hungarian | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2241001


INTRODUCTION: The digitalization of healthcare is one of the most topical issues in terms of the present and future of healthcare. The coronavirus pandemic has shed light on the potential inherent in these technologies, and at the same time brought to the surface countless tasks and problems that need to be solved. OBJECTIVE: In our national survey, our aim is to find out how medical doctors are adapting to digital healthcare solutions. METHOD: Between July 2021 and May 2022, we conducted an online questionnaire survey among doctors working in Hungary. 1774 people answered our questions, including 1576 general practitioners and 198 dentists. In this paper, the 1576 general practitioners' responses are presented. RESULTS: 78.8% of the respondent doctors recommend websites to their patients on a more or less regular basis, 52.8% have recommended apps and 46.0% have recommended social media resources. The respondent doctors perceive a high demand from patients for communication by e-mail (83.7% indicated). 86.4% of doctors are aware of telemedicine solutions and 47.5% of respondents would like to use them intensively in the next 3 years. A significant proportion of respondents would like to use apps (56.2%), sensors, portable diagnostic devices (49.0%) and artificial intelligence (28.3%) in the next 3 years. Websites, apps and social media resources are significantly more frequently recommended by general practitioners and they are the ones who are most in favour of the use of the internet for patient health and telemedicine. CONCLUSION: Our respondents manifest fundamentally positive feelings towards the digitalization of healthcare and are characterized by a cautious openness regarding the implementation and adaptation of technologies. Orv Hetil. 2023; 164(4): 132-139.

Coronavirus Infections , General Practitioners , Humans , Hungary , Artificial Intelligence , Delivery of Health Care , Surveys and Questionnaires
Int J Equity Health ; 21(1): 181, 2022 12 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2196298


BACKGROUND: Digital health has expanded during the COVID-19 pandemic, while the exclusion of vulnerable populations with limited access to these technologies widens the gap to receive proper care. There is very little data available on the feasibility of telemedicine solutions regarding the chronic care of homeless persons. METHODS: In our study, 75 participants experiencing homelessness were recruited from four social institutions in Budapest, Hungary. The telecare pilot service consisted of six online consultations with a physician and was available in shelters biweekly. Self-developed questionnaires were used after every online session on the originating and remote sites as well, while a follow-up study was also completed among patients after four to six months of pilot closure. Parameters as frequencies, averages, and percentage distributions were analyzed and two linear regression models were built on explaining the doctors' and patients' overall rating of visits. RESULTS: During the pilot, 92.2% (n = 415) of originally planned visits were delivered and 55 clients (73.3%) attended the full program. Both the patients' and physicians' overall satisfaction was very high (4.52 and 4.79, respectively, on a 5-point Likert scale) and the patients' overall rating remained similarly high during the follow-up. Comparing the first and sixth visits, physicians reported significant improvements in almost all aspects. The linear regression models proved that confidence in the patients' assessment and diagnosis had the most prominent effect on the physicians' overall rating, while ease of use and lack of communication gaps influenced positively the patients' rating. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that telehealth services represent a promising tool to ensure better care continuity while using shelter infrastructure and on-site assistance might reduce the digital exclusion of people experiencing homelessness.

COVID-19 , Ill-Housed Persons , Telemedicine , Humans , Follow-Up Studies , Hungary , Pandemics
Orv Hetil ; 163(29): 1159-1165, 2022 Jul 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1963093


INTRODUCTION: The impact of digitalisation on healthcare has become one of the most important research areas in recent years. The COVID-19 epidemic has been a major driver in this process. OBJECTIVE: In our nationally representative, population-based survey (n = 1500), we sought to find out how patients in Hungary use digital health tools, what the advantages and disadvantages of introducing and using these technologies are, and how this is transforming the doctor-patient relationship. METHODS: We conducted a national representative telephone questionnaire survey (CATI). The sample is representative of the adult population of Hungary in terms of gender, age, type of settlement and education. RESULTS: 81.3% of the respondents use the internet - 87.6% of whom use it in relation to health and illness, too. This is 71.2% of the total sample. Websites (76.3%) and social media (47.3%) are the main sources of information on the internet; e-prescription and online appointment booking are the most known by patients (92.6% and 85.2%, respectively), while almost half of the respondents would like to try telehealth and would welcome a recommendation from their doctor on reliable websites, apps and sensors. Our results highlighted that the effect of the type of settlement on access to digital health is not significant, but that the effect of age, education and gender is decisive. CONCLUSION: Data from our national representative population survey indicate that the use of digital health solutions is already an integral part of care and that there is a strong demand for further digital options. Orv Hetil. 2022; 163(29): 1159-1165.

COVID-19 , Digitalis , Telemedicine , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Hungary , Physician-Patient Relations , Surveys and Questionnaires , Telemedicine/methods