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Transplant Proc ; 53(4): 1160-1168, 2021 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1135578


BACKGROUND: The novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic has raised concern for the health of immunocompromised individuals, who are potentially at higher risk of more severe infection and poorer outcomes. As a large London transplant center serving a diverse patient population, we report the outcomes of SARS-CoV-2 infection in our cohort of 2848 kidney and/or pancreas transplant patients. METHODS: Data were obtained retrospectively for all transplant patients who attended hospital during the peak of the pandemic and had a positive nasopharyngeal SARS-CoV-2 test. RESULTS: Sixty-six patients were found to be positive for SARS-CoV-2. Twenty percent were treated as outpatients, 59% were admitted to the general ward, and 21% required intensive care. Treatment consisted of reduced immunosuppression, antibiotics for pneumonia or sepsis, and other supportive treatments. Within our cohort, 12 patients died (18%), with an overall mortality of 0.4%. Predictive risk factors for COVID-19 severity were explored. CONCLUSIONS: Severe disease was associated with lower hemoglobin prior to COVID-19 diagnosis and lower lymphocyte count at the time of diagnosis but not age, sex, ethnicity, or preexisting comorbidities. Lower glomerular filtration rate and higher C-reactive protein were associated with more severe disease. Despite no use of hydroxychloroquine, azithromycin, antiviral, or immunomodulatory medications, our mortality rate (kidney and pancreas transplant patients) is similar to current international rates.

COVID-19/epidemiology , Immunocompromised Host/immunology , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Pancreas Transplantation/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/immunology , COVID-19/virology , Comorbidity , Female , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications/immunology , Postoperative Complications/virology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Severity of Illness Index , United Kingdom/epidemiology