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1.
Respir Med ; 197: 106832, 2022 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1778435

ABSTRACT

RATIONALE: SARS-CoV-2 continues to cause a global pandemic and management of COVID-19 in outpatient settings remains challenging. OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe characteristics of patients with chronic respiratory disease (CRD) experiencing symptoms consistent with COVID-19, who were seen in a novel Acute Respiratory Clinic, prior to widely available testing, emergence of variants, COVID-19 vaccination, and post-vaccination (breakthrough) SARS-CoV-2 infections. METHODS: Retrospective electronic medical record data were analyzed from 907 adults with presumed COVID-19 seen between March 16, 2020 and January 7, 2021. Data included demographics, comorbidities, medications, vital signs, laboratory tests, pulmonary function tests, patient disposition, and co-infections. The overdispersed data (aod) R package was used to create a logit model using COVID-19 diagnosis by PCR as the dichotomous outcome variable. Univariate, conventional multivariate and elastic net machine learning were used to analyze data. RESULTS: Male gender, elevated baseline temperature, and respiratory rate predicted COVID-19 diagnosis. Eosinopenia, neutrophilia, and lymphocytosis were also associated with COVID-19 diagnosis. However, asthma and COPD diagnoses were not associated with SARS-CoV-2 PCR positive test. Male gender, low oxygen saturation, and lower forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) were associated with higher hospital referral. CONCLUSIONS: CRD patients with acute respiratory symptoms in the ambulatory setting were more likely to have COVID-19 if male, febrile and tachypneic. Patients with lower pre-morbid FEV1 and lower SPO2 are more likely to be referred to the hospital. A composite of vitals sigs and WBC differential help risk stratify CRD patients seeking care for presumed COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Adult , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19 Testing , COVID-19 Vaccines , Fever/diagnosis , Humans , Male , Referral and Consultation , Retrospective Studies
2.
Critical care explorations ; 4(3), 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1738096

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The multifaceted long-term impairments resulting from critical illness and COVID-19 require interdisciplinary management approaches in the recovery phase of illness. Operational insights into the structure and process of recovery clinics (RCs) from heterogeneous health systems are needed. This study describes the structure and process characteristics of existing and newly implemented ICU-RCs and COVID-RCs in a subset of large health systems in the United States. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Thirty-nine RCs, representing a combined 156 hospitals within 29 health systems participated. PATIENTS: None. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENT AND MAIN RESULTS: RC demographics, referral criteria, and operating characteristics were collected, including measures used to assess physical, psychologic, and cognitive recoveries. Thirty-nine RC surveys were completed (94% response rate). ICU-RC teams included physicians, pharmacists, social workers, physical therapists, and advanced practice providers. Funding sources for ICU-RCs included clinical billing (n = 20, 77%), volunteer staff support (n = 15, 58%), institutional staff/space support (n = 13, 46%), and grant or foundation funding (n = 3, 12%). Forty-six percent of RCs report patient visit durations of 1 hour or longer. ICU-RC teams reported use of validated scales to assess psychologic recovery (93%), physical recovery (89%), and cognitive recovery (86%) more often in standard visits compared with COVID-RC teams (psychologic, 54%;physical, 69%;and cognitive, 46%). CONCLUSIONS: Operating structures of RCs vary, though almost all describe modest capacity and reliance on volunteerism and discretionary institutional support. ICU- and COVID-RCs in the United States employ varied funding sources and endorse different assessment measures during visits to guide care coordination. Common features include integration of ICU clinicians, interdisciplinary approach, and focus on severe critical illness. The heterogeneity in RC structures and processes contributes to future research on the optimal structure and process to achieve the best postintensive care syndrome and postacute sequelae of COVID outcomes.

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