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Cir Cir ; 90(S2): 13-17, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2226569


BACKGROUND: In other countries, researchers have noticed diverse variations in the features of patients undergoing emergency surgery during the COVID-19 pandemic. In Mexico, there is not information about this issue. METHODS: Workers of the Mexican Government, who required emergency surgeries were studied by the general surgery service of a General Hospital administered by the Institute of Social Security and Services for State Workers Instituto de Seguridad y Servicios Sociales de los Trabajadores del Estado (ISSSTE), through the periods from March-August 2019 (non-exposed) and March-August 2020 (exposed). The analysis included: demographic data, laboratory information, post-operative diagnoses, symptoms' length, days of emergency stay, and post-operative stay. RESULTS: One hundred and ninety-three emergency surgeries were analyzed; 106 in 2019 and 87 in 2020 (a decrease of 18%). Throughout the pandemic, the number of days between the symptoms' onset and surgery was greater: 2019, 7.6 ± 4.6 days; 2020, 14 ± 6.7 days (p < 0.0001). In addition, cases of acute appendicitis decreased (2019-60.3%; 2020-42.5%), and those of acute calculous cholecystitis increased (2019-12.2%; 2020-24.1%). CONCLUSION: Through the COVID-19 pandemic, there were notable changes in the characteristics of Mexican Government's workers who warranted emergency surgery.

ANTECEDENTES: En otros países, han notado diversos cambios en las características de los pacientes sometidos a cirugía de emergencia durante la pandemia de COVID-19. En México no existe información sobre este tema. MÉTODO: Estudiamos a los trabajadores del gobierno mexicano que requirieron tratamiento quirúrgico de emergencia por el servicio de cirugía general de un Hospital General del Instituto de Seguridad y Servicios Sociales para los Trabajadores del Estado (ISSSTE), durante los periodos de marzo-agosto de 2019 (no expuestos) y marzo-agosto de 2020 (expuestos). El análisis incluyó: datos demográficos, datos de laboratorio, diagnósticos postoperatorios, duración de los síntomas, días de estancia en emergencias y estadía postoperatoria. RESULTADOS: Se analizaron 193 cirugías de emergencia; 106 en 2019 y 87 en 2020 (una disminución del 18%). En la pandemia, el número de días entre el inicio de los síntomas y la cirugía fue mayor: 2019, 7.6 ± 4.6 días; 2020, 14 ± 6.7 días (p < 0.0001). Además, disminuyeron los casos de apendicitis aguda (2019-60,3%; 2020-42,5%) y aumentaron los de colecistitis litiásica aguda (2019-12,2%; 2020-24,1%). CONCLUSIÓN: Durante la pandemia de COVID-19, hubo cambios notables en las características de los trabajadores del gobierno mexicano que ameritaron cirugías de emergencia.

COVID-19 , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , Mexico/epidemiology
Cureus ; 14(4): e24352, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1876129


Septic arthritis is a rare but serious complication of both rheumatoid and gouty arthritis and can lead to significant morbidity and even mortality. Here, we report a case of septic arthritis with bacteremia, monosodium urate crystals, and hyperuricemia in a 75-year-old male with long-standing rheumatoid arthritis. Arthrocentesis revealed gram-positive cocci representing group B streptococcus (Streptococcus agalactiae) infection and monosodium urate crystals. A diagnosis of septic arthritis with superimposed acute gouty arthritis was made and the patient was treated accordingly. Management included surgical irrigation and debridement, antibiotic therapy, and systemic glucocorticoids which resulted in a significant improvement in the patient's clinical status.