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1.
World Neurosurg ; 166: e731-e740, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2016194

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the worldwide impact of a virtual neurosurgery-neuroscience lecture series on optimizing neurosurgical education with tele-teaching. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed from our Zoom database to collect data from October 15, 2020, to December 14, 2020, and from September 27, 2021, to December 13, 2021. A comparative analysis of participants in the 2 different time frames was performed to investigate the impact of tele-teaching on neurosurgical education worldwide. To evaluate participant satisfaction, the yearly continuing medical education reports of 2020-2021 were analyzed. Data related to the distribution of lectures by subspecialties were also described. RESULTS: Among the 11 lectures of the first period, 257 participants from 17 countries in 4 different continents were recorded, with a mean of 64 (standard deviation = 9.30) participants for each meeting; 342 attendees participated from 19 countries in 5 continents over the 11 lectures of the second part, with an average of 82.8 (standard deviation = 14.04) attendees; a statistically significant increase in participation between the 2 periods was identified (P < 0.001) A total of 19 (2020) and 21 (2021) participants submitted the continuing medical education yearly survey. More than 86.4% of overall responses considered the lectures "excellent." The main topics reported during lectures in 2020-2021 were related to brain tumors (33.7%) and education (22.1%). CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic has increased the need to introduce new educational approaches for teaching novel ways to optimize patient care. Our multidisciplinary Web-based virtual lecture series could represent an innovative tele-teaching platform in neurosurgical training.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Education, Medical, Undergraduate , Neurosurgery , Humans , Neurosurgery/education , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies
2.
Neuroradiol J ; 35(2): 203-212, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1817078

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Observational studies utilising diffusion tractography have suggested a common mechanism for tremor alleviation in deep brain stimulation for essential tremor: the decussating portion of the dentato-rubro-thalamic tract. We hypothesised that directional stimulation of the dentato-rubro-thalamic tract would result in greater tremor improvement compared to sham programming, as well as comparable improvement as more tedious standard-of-care programming. METHODS: A prospective, blinded crossover trial was performed to assess the feasibility, safety and outcomes of programming based solely on dentato-rubro-thalamic tract anatomy. Using magnetic resonance imaging diffusion-tractography, the dentato-rubro-thalamic tract was identified and a connectivity-based treatment setting was derived by modelling a volume of tissue activated using directional current steering oriented towards the dentato-rubro-thalamic tract centre. A sham setting was created at approximately 180° opposite the connectivity-based treatment. Standard-of-care programming at 3 months was compared to connectivity-based treatment and sham settings that were blinded to the programmer. The primary outcome measure was percentage improvement in the Fahn-Tolosa-Marín tremor rating score compared to the preoperative baseline. RESULTS: Among the six patients, tremor rating scores differed significantly among the three experimental conditions (P=0.030). The mean tremor rating score improvement was greater with the connectivity-based treatment settings (64.6% ± 14.3%) than with sham (44.8% ± 18.6%; P=0.031) and standard-of-care programming (50.7% ± 19.2%; P=0.062). The distance between the centre of the dentato-rubro-thalamic tract and the volume of tissue activated inversely correlated with the percentage improvement in the tremor rating score (R2=0.24; P=0.04). No significant adverse events were encountered. CONCLUSIONS: Using a blinded, crossover trial design, we have shown the technical feasibility, safety and potential efficacy of connectivity-based stimulation settings in deep brain stimulation for treatment of essential tremor.


Subject(s)
Deep Brain Stimulation , Essential Tremor , Deep Brain Stimulation/methods , Essential Tremor/surgery , Essential Tremor/therapy , Humans , Prospective Studies , Thalamus/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome , Tremor/surgery
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