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SSM Qual Res Health ; 3: 100270, 2023 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2293407


Vaccines have played an essential role in curbing case and mortality rates due to SARS-CoV-2 in the United Sates. Still, many communities display high rates of unwillingness or inability to get a COVID-19 vaccine, limiting overall vaccination efforts and contributing to viral spread. Black Americans have expressed skepticism towards vaccines because of limited access to the technology, mistrust in its safety and efficacy, and a lack of confidence in the healthcare authorities that distribute it. This article investigates how Black residents of Wards 7 and 8 in Washington, D.C. thought about COVID-19 vaccination and why or why not they decided to vaccinate. These Wards' vaccination rates were markedly lower than those from Wards 1-6, which have substantially higher populations of White residents, affluence, access, and resources. This study involved 31 interviews with Ward 7 and 8 residents recruited through snowball sampling. We found that residents navigated the dual perceived risks of coronavirus infection and vaccination through three key frames: their relationship to their place or location, their desires to maintain autonomy over their health, and their abilities to access COVID-19 vaccines. This case study advances knowledge of vaccine utilization among marginalized communities, and how this phenomenon varies depending on local social, cultural, and political dynamics. Moreover, this research has implications for vaccine rollout efforts and the D.C. health system, as it reveals gaps in confidence and care that undermine health outcomes for Black residents.

Front Sociol ; 6: 650729, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1295733


Epidemics and pandemics, like COVID-19, are not gender neutral. Much of the current work on gender, sex, and COVID-19, however, has seemed implicitly or explicitly to be attempting to demonstrate that either men or women have been hardest hit, treating differences between women and men as though it is not important to understand how each group is affected by the virus. This approach often leaves out the effect on gender and sexual minorities entirely. Believing that a more nuanced approach is needed now and for the future, we brought together a group of gender experts to answer the question: how are people of different genders impacted by COVID-19 and why? Individuals working in women's, men's, and LGBTQ health and wellbeing wrote sections to lay out the different ways that women, men, and gender and sexual minorities are affected by COVID-19. We demonstrate that there is not one group "most affected," but that many groups are affected, and we need to move beyond a zero-sum game and engage in ways to mutually identify and support marginalized groups.

Prev Chronic Dis ; 17: E63, 2020 07 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-653091


Data suggest that more men than women are dying of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) worldwide, but it is unclear why. A biopsychosocial approach is critical for understanding the disproportionate death rate among men. Biological, psychological, behavioral, and social factors may put men at disproportionate risk of death. We propose a stepwise approach to clinical, public health, and policy interventions to reduce COVID-19-associated morbidity and mortality among men. We also review what health professionals and policy makers can do, and are doing, to address the unique COVID-19-associated needs of men.

Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Health Policy , Pneumonia, Viral/mortality , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/immunology , Female , Health Promotion , Humans , Male , Pandemics , Patient Education as Topic/methods , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/blood , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/metabolism , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/immunology , Preventive Medicine , Public Health , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Sex Factors , United States/epidemiology