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Vestnik Rossiiskoi Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk ; 76(3):268-278, 2021.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1411069


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a viral infection that, in severe course, leads to the development of a cytokine storm, systemic inflammatory response and coagulopathy. Unlike other sepsis-associated disseminated intravascular coagulopathy, COVID-19 induced coagulopathy is realized mainly in thrombosis. Researchers around the world are currently developing adequate diagnostic, monitoring and anticoagulant therapy approaches to safely and effectively manage patients with severe COVID-19. The need to develop laboratory monitoring is due to the fact that 20% of patients have changes in hemostasis indicators, while in patients with a severe form of the disease, they are present in 100% of cases. In case of deaths from COVID-19, there is an increase in the concentration of D-dimer and fibrinogen degradation products. Thus, the severity of hemostasis disorders has an important prognostic value. Anticoagulant therapy is included in the list of all recommendations as an effective means of reducing mortality from COVID-19. The questions of the recommended groups and doses of anticoagulant drugs are still open. The approach to the choice of an anticoagulant should be based not only on risk factors, characteristics of the course of the disease, anamnesis, but also on the wishes of the patient during long-term therapy at the post-hospital stage.

Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction ; 14(3):314-326, 2020.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-903105


Recently, it has been increasingly apparent that sepsis and septic shock become a pressing issue. Over the last decade, incidence rate of sepsis in obstetrics and gynecology has been increased by more than 2-fold. Here we review clinical forms of septic conditions, risk factors, pathogenesis of sepsis and septic shock, as well as major pathogens resulting in septic conditions. Special attention is paid to neonatal sepsis. The relationship between septic shock and viral infections is considered in the context of the novel coronavirus infection (COVID-19) pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2. Impaired hemostasis is discussed in patients with septic shock, including those with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). An importance of assessing ADAMTS-13 level to refine disease prognosis is discussed.