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Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 163(4): 1053-1060, 2021 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1039200


BACKGROUND: The COVID19 lockdown has altered the dynamics of living. Its collateral fallout on head injury care has not been studied in detail, especially from low- and middle-income countries, possibly overwhelmed more than developed nations. Here, we analyze the effects of COVID19 restrictions on head injury patients in a high-volume Indian referral trauma center. METHODS: From the prospective trauma registry, clinico-epidemiological and radiological parameters of patients managed during 190 days before and 190 days during COVID19 phases were studied. As an indicator of care, the inpatient mortality of patients with severe HI was also compared with appropriate statistical analyses. RESULTS: Of the total 3372 patients, there were 83 head injury admissions per week before COVID19 restrictions, which decreased to 33 every week (60% drop) during the lock phases and stabilized at 46 per week during the unlock phases. COVID19 restrictions caused a significant increase in the proportion of patients arriving directly without resuscitation at peripheral centers and later than 6 h of injury. Though the most common mechanism was vehicular, a relative increase in the proportion of assaults was noted during COVID19. There was no change in the distribution of mild, moderate, and severe injuries. Despite a decrease in the percentage of patients with systemic illnesses, severe head injury mortality was significantly more during the lock phases than before COVID19 (59% vs. 47%, p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: COVID19 restrictions have amplified the already delayed admission among patients of head injury from north-west India. The severe head injury mortality was significantly greater during lock phases than before COVID19, highlighting the collateral fallout of lockdown. Pandemic control measures in the future should not ignore the concerns of trauma emergency care.

COVID-19/epidemiology , Craniocerebral Trauma/epidemiology , Quarantine/statistics & numerical data , Adult , COVID-19/prevention & control , Female , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Humans , India , Male , Middle Aged , Trauma Centers/statistics & numerical data
Neurol India ; 68(5): 1008-1011, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-895443


BACKGROUND: The world is in the midst of the COVID crisis, which has forced the neurosurgical community to change its practices. OBJECTIVE: To advocate the necessary adaptations in radio surgical practices to effectively manage the radio surgical patients, resource utilization, and protecting the healthcare provider during the COVID pandemic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In addition to the literature review, pertinent recommendations are made in respect to the gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS). RESULTS: Every patient presenting to GKRS treatment should be considered as a potential asymptomatic COVID carrier. Patients should be categorized based on the priority (urgent, semi-urgent, or elective) on the basis of pathological and clinical status. The only urgent indication is a non-responding or enlarging cerebral metastasis. There is a high risk of aerosol dispersion during gamma radiation delivery in the gamma gantry. CONCLUSION: These recommendations should be used to minimize the chances of pathogenic exposure to the patient and caregivers both.

COVID-19 , Radiosurgery , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome