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Journal of Knowledge Management ; : 12, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1868496

ABSTRACT

Purpose This paper aims to unveil the importance of knowledge management on a firm's strategic emergency response during the great negative shock from global public health threats. Through analyzing how representative firms in China's new economy industries dealt with the COVID-19 pandemic before, during and after the crisis, the significant problems confronted by these firms are pointed out, and the important role knowledge management capabilities played in solving these problems is proven. Design/methodology/approach The open data of listed companies regarding the important role knowledge management played in firms' strategic emergency response during the COVID-19 pandemic are qualitatively analyzed. Based on theoretical sampling, this paper selects representative samples of enterprises and analyzes the positive response measures they took after being hit by this public health event to gain qualitative insight into the importance of knowledge management capabilities in strategic emergency response. Findings Three aspects of the important role of knowledge management capabilities in a firm's strategic emergency response during the COVID-19 pandemic are introduced: before the crisis, firms should strengthen the acquisition, sharing and integration of knowledge so that they can intensify their monitoring for uncertain risks;during the crisis, firms should boost the transmission, transformation and diffusion of knowledge to improve emergency cooperation;and after the crisis, companies should reinforce knowledge evaluation, creation and application to enhance "immunity" in similar emergencies. Research limitations/implications This paper has important implications for bolstering strategic emergency management practice and knowledge management capability among firms. Future research must focus on the following two aspects for further investigation: the dynamic relationship between firm knowledge management capability and strategic emergency response ability;and the collaboration system between firm knowledge management and strategic emergency response behaviors. Originality/value This paper discusses the important role knowledge management capabilities play in firms' strategic emergency responses based on insights gained from the significant changes that the COVID-19 pandemic caused to representative Chinese new economy firms. By analyzing the three stages of before, during and after the emergency, this paper proposes the exact efforts that new economy companies should make in improving knowledge management capability.

2.
Frontiers in Built Environment ; 7, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1247840

ABSTRACT

The coronaviruses have inflicted health and societal crises in recent decades. Both SARS CoV-1 and 2 are suspected to spread through outdoor routes in high-density cities, infecting residents in apartments on separate floors or in different buildings in many superspreading events, often in the absence of close personal contact. The viability of such mode of transmission is disputed in the research literature, and there is little evidence on the dose–response relationship at the apartment level. This paper describes a study to examine the viability of outdoor airborne transmission between neighboring apartments in high density cities. A first-principles model, airborne transmission via outdoor route (ATOR), was developed to simulate airborne pathogen generation, natural decay, outdoor dispersion, apartment entry, and inhalation exposure of susceptible persons in neighboring apartments. The model was partially evaluated using a smoke tracer experiment in a mock-up high-density city site and cross-checking using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models. The ATOR model was used to retrospectively investigate the relationship between viral exposure and disease infection at an apartment level in two superspreading events in Hong Kong: the SARS outbreak in Amoy Gardens and the COVID-19 outbreak in Luk Chuen House. Logistic regression results suggested that the predicted viral exposure was positively correlated with the probability of disease infection at apartment level for both events. Infection risks associated with the outdoor route transmission of SARS can be reduced to <10%, if the quanta emission rate from the primary patient is below 30 q/h. Compared with the indoor route transmission, the outdoor route can better explain patterns of disease infection. A viral plume can spread upward and downward, driven by buoyancy forces, while also dispersing under natural wind. Fan-assistant natural ventilation in residential buildings may increase infection risks. Findings have implication for public health response to current and future pandemics and the ATOR model can serve as planning and design tool to identify the risk of airborne disease transmission in high-density cities. © Copyright © 2021 Huang, Jones, Zhang, Hou, Hang and Spengler.

3.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology ; 59(5):8, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1238482

ABSTRACT

The long-lasting global COVID-19 pandemic demands timely genomic investigation of SARS-CoV-2 viruses. Here, we report a simple and efficient workflow for whole-genome sequencing utilizing one-step reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) amplification on a microfluidic platform, followed by MiSeq amplicon sequencing. The method uses Fluidigm integrated fluidic circuit (IFC) and instruments to amplify 48 samples with 39 pairs of primers, including 35 custom-designed primer pairs and four additional primer pairs from the ARTIC network protocol v3. Application of this method on RNA samples from both viral isolates and clinical specimens demonstrates robustness and efficiency in obtaining the full genome sequence of SARS-CoV-2.

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