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1.
Zhongguo Meijie Shengwuxue ji Kongzhi Zazhi = Chinese Journal of Vector Biology and Control ; 33(4):596-600, 2022.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2025547

ABSTRACT

Hantaviruses are important pathogenes of natural focal diseases that causes hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome and Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. According to the latest classification of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, hantaviruses can be divided into 53 species, 7 genera, and 4 subfamilies. Hantaviruses are widely found in Rodentia, Chiroptera, and Insectivora, and later also found in reptile, Actinopterygii, and Agnatha. There are many species of bats, which are the second largest group of mammals in the world after rodents. At present, 1 446 species have been reported, accounting for about 22% of global mammals. In addition, bats have strong flight ability and are widely distributed in all continents except Antarctica. As the host animal of viruses, bats bear a variety of viruses, and many emerging infectious pathogens such as Marburg virus, Hendra virus, and Nipah virus have been confirmed to come from bats. Bats have also been associated to Ebola virus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus, and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. In recent decades, more and more bat-borne hantaviruses have been discovered. Bats and bat-borne hantaviruses have an important research value. Therefore, this paper reviews the latest classification of Hantavirus and bat-borne hantaviruses.

2.
Computational & Mathematical Methods in Medicine ; : 1-11, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2020487

ABSTRACT

Purpose. Surgical site infection is one of the serious complications after lumbar fusion. Early prediction and timely intervention can reduce the harm to patients. The aims of this study were to construct and validate a machine learning model for predicting surgical site infection after posterior lumbar interbody fusion, to screen out the most important risk factors for surgical site infection, and to explore whether synthetic minority oversampling technique could improve the model performance. Method. This study reviewed 584 patients who underwent posterior lumbar interbody fusion for degenerative lumbar disease at our center from January 2019 to August 2021. Clinical information and laboratory test data were collected from the electronic medical records. The original dataset was divided into training set and validation set in a 1 : 1 ratio. Seven machine learning algorithms were used to develop predictive models;the training set of each model was resampled using synthetic minority oversampling technique. Finally, the model performance was assessed in the validation set. Results. Of the 584 patients, 33 (5.65%) occurred surgical site infection. Stepwise logistic regression showed that preoperative albumin level (OR 0.659, 95% CI 0.563-0.756), diabetes (OR 9.129, 95% CI 3.816-23.126), intraoperative dural tear (OR 8.436, 95% CI 2.729-25.334), and rheumatic disease (OR 8.471, 95% CI 1.743-39.567) were significant predictors associated with surgical site infection. The performance of the AdaBoost Classification Trees model was the best among the seven machine learning models, and synthetic minority oversampling technique improved the performance of all models. Conclusion. The prediction model we constructed based on machine learning and synthetic minority oversampling technique can accurately predict surgical site infection, which is conducive to clinical decision-making and optimization of perioperative management. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Computational & Mathematical Methods in Medicine is the property of Hindawi Limited and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

3.
Journal of Personalized Medicine ; 12(9):1434, 2022.
Article in English | MDPI | ID: covidwho-2006113

ABSTRACT

The sudden outbreak of the novel coronavirus pandemic in 2019 disrupted the normal order of life and work, and the virus is still a major threat prevailing the globe. Confronted with the unknown virus, citizens have been following government policies of COVID-19 treatment and containment, and actively improving their immunity through physical activity (PA). This paper is concerned with ways to guide or promote people's willingness to exercise, one of the most effective means to boost immunity. Based on the ''attitude–intention'' correlation defined in the theory of planned behaviour (TPB), this study, by synchronizing online data about workouts, explores the influence of people's attitudes towards PA behaviour in promoting their intentions to engage in such behaviours as a means to fight the pandemic. In addition, the attitudes towards the use of sports apps and the epidemic are also reckoned with to investigate influencing factors promoting physical activity during the lockdown. The results of the study have been derived from the data of 1223 valid questionnaires, which are subjected to hierarchical regression analysis. Attitudes towards exercise and the use of sports apps are proven to have a significant impact on PA intentions, and the two variables are in direct proportion, with more positive attitudes leading to higher intentions;in contrast, attitudes towards the epidemic do not exhibit an obvious effect. In this light, it is advisable that when clinicians treat COVID-19 patients and medical departments respond to the epidemic, they actively make affirmative influences on peoples' attitudes towards exercise and formulate appropriate exercise plans based on indicators detected and recorded by sports apps such as vital capacity, heart rate, respiratory index and self-perceived intensity to help them face the risk of the epidemic with more confidence.

4.
Preprint in English | medRxiv | ID: ppmedrxiv-22279589

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUNDThe rising breakthrough infections caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants, especially Omicron and its sub-lineages, have raised an urgent need to develop broad-spectrum vaccines against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We have developed a mosaic-type recombinant vaccine candidate, named NVSI-06-09, having immune potentials against a broad range of SARS-CoV-2 variants. METHODSAn ongoing randomized, double-blind, controlled phase 2 trial was conducted to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of NVSI-06-09 as a booster dose in subjects aged 18 years and older from the United Arab Emirates (UAE), who had completed two or three doses of BBIBP-CorV vaccinations at least 6 months prior to the enrollment. The participants were randomly assigned with 1:1 to receive a booster dose of NVSI-06-09 or BBIBP-CorV. The primary outcomes were immunogenicity and safety against SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant, and the exploratory outcome was cross-immunogenicity against other circulating strains. RESULTSA total of 516 participants received booster vaccination. Interim results showed a similar safety profile between NVSI-06-09 and BBIBP-CorV booster groups, with low incidence of adverse reactions of grade 1 or 2. For immunogenicity, by day 14 after the booster vaccination, the fold rises in neutralizing antibody geometric mean titers (GMTs) from baseline level elicited by NVSI-06-09 were remarkably higher than those by BBIBP-CorV against the prototype strain (19.67 vs 4.47-fold), Omicron BA.1.1 (42.35 vs 3.78-fold), BA.2 (25.09 vs 2.91-fold), BA.4 (22.42 vs 2.69-fold), and BA.5 variants (27.06 vs 4.73-fold). Similarly, the neutralizing GMTs boosted by NVSI-06-09 against Beta and Delta variants were also 6.60-fold and 7.17-fold higher than those boosted by BBIBP-CorV. CONCLUSIONSA booster dose of NVSI-06-09 was well-tolerated and elicited broad-spectrum neutralizing responses against SARS-CoV-2 prototype strain and immune-evasive variants, including Omicron and its sub-lineages. The immunogenicity of NVSI-06-09 as a booster vaccine was superior to that of BBIBP-CorV. (Funded by LIBP and BIBP of Sinopharm; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT05293548).

5.
MedComm ; 3(3), 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1940024

ABSTRACT

The main proteases (Mpro), also termed 3‐chymotrypsin‐like proteases (3CLpro), are a class of highly conserved cysteine hydrolases in β‐coronaviruses. Increasing evidence has demonstrated that 3CLpros play an indispensable role in viral replication and have been recognized as key targets for preventing and treating coronavirus‐caused infectious diseases, including COVID‐19. This review is focused on the structural features and biological function of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‐CoV‐2) main protease Mpro (also known as 3CLpro), as well as recent advances in discovering and developing SARS‐CoV‐2 3CLpro inhibitors. To better understand the characteristics of SARS‐CoV‐2 3CLpro inhibitors, the inhibition activities, inhibitory mechanisms, and key structural features of various 3CLpro inhibitors (including marketed drugs, peptidomimetic, and non‐peptidomimetic synthetic compounds, as well as natural compounds and their derivatives) are summarized comprehensively. Meanwhile, the challenges in this field are highlighted, while future directions for designing and developing efficacious 3CLpro inhibitors as novel anti‐coronavirus therapies are also proposed. Collectively, all information and knowledge presented here are very helpful for understanding the structural features and inhibitory mechanisms of SARS‐CoV‐2 3CLpro inhibitors, which offers new insights or inspiration to medicinal chemists for designing and developing more efficacious 3CLpro inhibitors as novel anti‐coronavirus agents. A comprehensive summary of recent advances in SARS‐CoV‐2 3CLpro inhibitors (including marketed drugs, peptidomimetic, and non‐peptidomimetic synthetic compounds, as well as natural compounds and their derivatives), including the inhibitory activities, inhibitory mechanisms, and key structural features, provides new insights for designing and developing more efficacious 3CLpro inhibitors as broad‐spectrum anti‐coronavirus agents.

6.
Preprint in English | bioRxiv | ID: ppbiorxiv-494777

ABSTRACT

Noncoding RNAs play important roles in transcriptional processes and participate in the regulation of various biological functions, in particular miRNAs and lncRNAs. Despite their importance for several biological functions, the existing signaling pathway databases do not include information on miRNA and lncRNA. Here, we redesigned a novel pathway database named NcPath by integrating and visualizing a total of 178,308 human experimentally-validated miRNA-target interactions (MTIs), 36,537 experimentally-verified lncRNA target interactions (LTIs), and 4,879 experimentally-validated human ceRNA networks across 222 KEGG pathways (including 27 sub-categories). To expand the application potential of the redesigned NcPath database, we identified 553,523 reliable lncRNA-PCG interaction pairs by integrating co-expression relations, ceRNA relations, co-TF-binding interactions, co-Histone-modification interactions, cis-regulation relations and lncPro Tool predictions between lncRNAs and protein-coding genes. In addition, to determine the pathways in which miRNA/lncRNA targets are involved, we performed a KEGG enrichment analysis using an hypergeometric test. The NcPath database also provides information on MTIs/LTIs/ceRNA networks, PubMed IDs, gene annotations and the experimental verification method used. In summary, the NcPath database will serve as an important and continually updated platform that provides annotation and visualization of the pathways on which noncoding RNAs (miRNA and lncRNA) are involved, and provide support to multimodal noncoding RNAs enrichment analysis. The NcPath database is freely accessible at http://ncpath.pianlab.cn/.

7.
Acta Epileptologica ; 4(1), 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1837919

ABSTRACT

Background This study was aimed to investigate whether patients with epilepsy (PWE) have higher depression and anxiety levels than the normal population in low-risk areas for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the northern part of Guizhou Province, China, during the COVID-19 epidemic, to evaluate their knowledge on COVID-19, and to analyze related factors for the psychological distress of PWE at this special time. Methods The survey was conducted online from February 28, 2020 to March 7, 2020 via a questionnaire. PWE from the outpatient clinic of epilepsy of the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, and healthy people matched for age and sex, participated in this study. Mental health was assessed via a generalized anxiety self-rating scale (GAD-7) and the self-rating depression scale (PHQ-9). The knowledge of COVID-19 in both groups was investigated. Results There were no significant differences in the general demographics between the PWE and healthy control groups. The scores of PHQ-9 (P < 0.01) and GAD-7 (P < 0.001) were higher in the PWE group than in the healthy group. There was a significant difference in the proportions of respondents with different severities of depression and anxiety, between the two groups, which revealed significantly higher degree of depression and anxiety in PWE than in healthy people (P = 0, P = 0). Overwhelming awareness and stressful concerns for the pandemic and female patients with epilepsy were key factors that affect the level of anxiety and depression in PWE. Further, the PWE had less accurate knowledge of COVID-19 than healthy people (P < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the knowledge of virus transmission route, incubation period, susceptible population, transmission speed, clinical characteristics, and isolation measures on COVID-19 (P > 0.05). PWE knew less about some of the prevention and control measures of COVID-19 than healthy people. Conclusions During the COVID-19 epidemic, excessive attention to the epidemic and the female sex are factors associated with anxiety and depression in PWE, even in low-risk areas.

8.
Preprint in English | medRxiv | ID: ppmedrxiv-22275412

ABSTRACT

The post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection (PASC) refers to a broad spectrum of symptoms and signs that are persistent, exacerbated, or newly incident in the post-acute SARS-CoV-2 infection period of COVID-19 patients. Most studies have examined these conditions individually without providing concluding evidence on co-occurring conditions. To answer this question, this study leveraged electronic health records (EHRs) from two large clinical research networks from the national Patient-Centered Clinical Research Network (PCORnet) and investigated patients newly incident diagnoses that appeared within 30 to 180 days after a documented SARS-CoV-2 infection. Through machine learning, we identified four reproducible subphenotypes of PASC dominated by blood and circulatory system, respiratory, musculoskeletal and nervous system, and digestive system problems, respectively. We also demonstrated that these subphenotypes were associated with distinct patterns of patient demographics, underlying conditions present prior to SARS-CoV-2 infection, acute infection phase severity, and use of new medications in the post-acute period. Our study provides novel insights into the heterogeneity of PASC and can inform stratified decision-making in the treatment of COVID-19 patients with PASC conditions.

9.
EuropePMC;
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-326520

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic has exposed an urgent need for effective contact tracing solutions through mobile phone applications to prevent the infection from spreading further. However, due to the nature of contact tracing, public concern on privacy issues has been a bottleneck to the existing solutions, which is significantly affecting the uptake of contact tracing applications across the globe. In this paper, we present a blockchain-enabled privacy-preserving contact tracing scheme: BeepTrace, where we propose to adopt blockchain bridging the user/patient and the authorized solvers to desensitize the user ID and location information. Compared with recently proposed contract tracing solutions, our approach shows higher security and privacy with the additional advantages of being battery friendly and globally accessible. Results show viability in terms of the required resource at both server and mobile phone perspectives. Through breaking the privacy concerns of the public, the proposed BeepTrace solution can provide a timely framework for authorities, companies, software developers and researchers to fast develop and deploy effective digital contact tracing applications, to conquer COVID-19 pandemic soon. Meanwhile, the open initiative of BeepTrace allows worldwide collaborations, integrate existing tracing and positioning solutions with the help of blockchain technology.

10.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-324454

ABSTRACT

Background: To investigate the clinical characteristics of 21 death cases and evaluate potential factors of disease severity and mortality risk in COVID-19. Methods Retrospective analysis was used to study the clinical data of 21 death cases with COVID-19. The assessment of disease severity and mortality risk were conducted by APACHE II, SOFA, MuLBSTA and PSI scores. Results The age was 66±14 years-old and 15 (71.4%) were men. 16 (76.2%) patients had chronic medical illnesses. 12 (57.1%) patients were overweight. Decreased lymphocytes were observed in 17 (81.0%) patients on admission. Elevated D-dimer levels were noticed in 11 (52.4%) patients and increased much more when pneumonia deteriorated. The initial APACHE II and SOFA scores demonstrated 18 (85.7%) and 13 (61.9%) patients in middle-risk levels, respectively. MuLBSTA and PSI scores after admission showed high-risk mortality in 13 (61.9%) patients. Most patients developed sequent organ failure and finally caused death. Conclusion Older, male, overweight patients, combined with chronic medical histories, continuous decreased lymphocyte proportion and increased D-dimer might have a higher risk of death. The combination of general scoring (SOFA) and pneumonia specific scoring (MuLBSTA and PSI) after admission might be more sensitive to assess the mortality risk for critical patients in COVID-19.

11.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-324299

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic has exposed an urgent need for effective contact tracing solutions through mobile phone applications to prevent the infection from spreading further. However, due to the nature of contact tracing, public concern on privacy issues has been a bottleneck to the existing solutions, which is significantly affecting the uptake of contact tracing applications across the globe. In this paper, we present a blockchain-enabled privacy-preserving contact tracing scheme: BeepTrace, where we propose to adopt blockchain bridging the user/patient and the authorized solvers to desensitize the user ID and location information. Compared with recently proposed contract tracing solutions, our approach shows higher security and privacy with the additional advantages of being battery friendly and globally accessible. Results show viability in terms of the required resource at both server and mobile phone perspectives. Through breaking the privacy concerns of the public, the proposed BeepTrace solution can provide a timely framework for authorities, companies, software developers and researchers to fast develop and deploy effective digital contact tracing applications, to conquer COVID-19 pandemic soon. Meanwhile, the open initiative of BeepTrace allows worldwide collaborations, integrate existing tracing and positioning solutions with the help of blockchain technology.

12.
Mathematical Problems in Engineering ; 2022, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1685749

ABSTRACT

When extracting flight data from airport terminal area, there are matters such as large volume, unclear features, and similar trend in time series. In order to deal with the related issues and to optimize the description, by combining with the TBO (Trajectory-Based Operation), an application proposed by the ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) in ASBU (Aviation System Block Upgrade), using multisource dynamic model to establish 4DDW (4D dynamic warping) algorithm, the multisource modeling integrated with evaluation system is proposed to realize the flight path optimization with time series characteristics and accord with the interval concept. The calculation results show that 4DDW can obtain the optimal solution for multiprofile calculation of TBO by comparing the composite trajectory deviation values and time dimension planning using the buffer and threshold values recommended by ICAO in airspace planning and flight procedure design. The results meet the requirements of high accuracy and convergence features of spatial waypoints and can improve the airport operation standards and terminal area capacity.

13.
Preprint in English | bioRxiv | ID: ppbiorxiv-479867

ABSTRACT

Advanced mRNA vaccines play vital roles against SARS-CoV-2. However, due to their poor stability, most current mRNA delivery platforms need to be stored at -20{degrees}C or -70{degrees}C, which severely limits their distribution. Herein, we present lyophilized SARS-CoV-2 mRNA-lipid nanoparticle vaccines, which can be stored at room temperature with long-term thermostability. In the in vivo Delta virus challenge experiment, lyophilized Delta variant mRNA vaccine successfully protected mice from infection and cleared the virus. Lyophilized omicron mRNA vaccine enabled to elicit both potent humoral and cellular immunity. In booster immunization experiments in mice and old monkeys, lyophilized omicron mRNA vaccine could effectively increase the titers of neutralizing antibodies against wild-type coronavirus and omicron variants. In humans, lyophilized omicron mRNA vaccine as a booster shot could also engender excellent immunity and had less severe adverse events. This lyophilization platform overcomes the instability of mRNA vaccines without affecting their bioactivity, and significantly improved their accessibility, particularly in remote regions.

14.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-293976

ABSTRACT

Severe COVID-19 patients account for most of the mortality of this disease. Early detection and effective treatment of severe patients remain major challenges. Here, we performed proteomic and metabolomic profiling of sera from 46 COVID-19 and 53 control individuals. We then trained a machine learning model using proteomic and metabolomic measurements from a training cohort of 18 non-severe and 13 severe patients. The model correctly classified severe patients with an accuracy of 93.5%, and was further validated using ten independent patients, seven of which were correctly classified. We identified molecular changes in the sera of COVID-19 patients implicating dysregulation of macrophage, platelet degranulation and complement system pathways, and massive metabolic suppression. This study shows that it is possible to predict progression to severe COVID-19 disease using serum protein and metabolite biomarkers. Our data also uncovered molecular pathophysiology of COVID-19 with potential for developing anti-viral therapies.<br><br>Funding: This work is supported by grants from Westlake Special Program for COVID19 (2020), and Tencent foundation (2020), National Natural Science Foundation of China (81972492, 21904107, 81672086), Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation for Distinguished Young Scholars (LR19C050001), Hangzhou Agriculture and Society Advancement Program (20190101A04). <br><br>Conflict of Interest: The research group of T.G. is partly supported by Tencent, Thermo Fisher Scientific, SCIEX and Pressure Biosciences Inc. C.Z., Z.K., Z.K. and S.Q. are employees of DIAN Diagnostics.

15.
Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin ; 69(3):237-245, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1408633

ABSTRACT

As a background sampling site in western Japan, the Kanazawa University Wajima Air Monitoring Station (KUWAMS) continuously observes the air pollutants, including PM1, PM2.5, organic carbon (OC) and element carbon (EC). Data for September 2019 to April 2020 were compared with data for September 2018 to April 2019. The mean concentrations of both PM1 and PM2.5 were 4.10 micro g/m3 (47%) and 5.82 micro g/m3 (33%) lower, respectively in the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) period (January to April) than in the same period in 2019. Notably, the average concentrations of both classes of particulate matter (PM) in the COVID-19 period were the lowest for that period in all years since 2016. OC and EC also considerably lower (by 69 and 63%, respectively) during the COVID-19 period than during the same period in 2019. All pollutants were then started to increase after the resumption of the work in 2020. The pollutant variations correspond to the measure implemented during the COVID-19 period, including the nationwide lockdown and work resumption. Furthermore, the reductions in the ratios PM1/PM2.5 and OC/EC during COVID-19 period indicate lighter pollution and fewer emission sources. This analysis of the changes in the pollutant concentrations during the epidemic and non-epidemic periods illustrates the significance of the dominant pollution emissions at KUWAMS and the impact of pollution from China that undergoes long-range transport to KUWAMS.

16.
Preprint in English | bioRxiv | ID: ppbiorxiv-448958

ABSTRACT

The spike (S) protein receptor-binding domain (RBD) of SARS-CoV-2 is an attractive target for COVID-19 vaccine developments, which naturally exists in a trimeric form. Here, guided by structural and computational analyses, we present a mutation-integrated trimeric form of RBD (mutI tri-RBD) as a broadly protective vaccine candidate, in which three RBDs were individually grafted from three different circulating SARS-CoV-2 strains including the prototype, Beta (B.1.351) and Kappa (B.1.617). The three RBDs were then connected end-to-end and co-assembled to possibly mimic the native trimeric arrangements in the natural S protein trimer. The recombinant expression of the mutI tri-RBD, as well as the homo-tri-RBD where the three RBDs were all truncated from the prototype strain, by mammalian cell exhibited correct folding, strong bio-activities, and high stability. The immunization of both the mutI tri-RBD and homo-tri-RBD plus aluminum adjuvant induced high levels of specific IgG and neutralizing antibodies against the SARS-CoV-2 prototype strain in mice. Notably, regarding to the "immune-escape" Beta (B.1.351) variant, mutI tri-RBD elicited significantly higher neutralizing antibody titers than homo-tri-RBD. Furthermore, due to harboring the immune-resistant mutations as well as the evolutionarily convergent hotspots, the designed mutI tri-RBD also induced strong broadly neutralizing activities against various SARS-CoV-2 variants, especially the variants partially resistant to homo-tri-RBD. Homo-tri-RBD has been approved by the China National Medical Products Administration to enter clinical trial (No. NCT04869592), and the superior broad neutralization performances against SARS-CoV-2 support the mutI tri-RBD as a more promising vaccine candidate for further clinical developments.

17.
Experimental & Therapeutic Medicine ; 21(4):N.PAG-N.PAG, 2021.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1130042

ABSTRACT

Since 2003, coronaviruses have caused multiple global pandemic diseases, including severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Clinical and autopsy findings suggest that the occurrence of kidney injury during infection may negatively affect the clinical outcomes of infected patients. The authoritative model predicts that outbreaks of other novel coronavirus pneumonias will continue to threaten human health in the future. The aim of the present systematic review was to summarize the basic knowledge of coronavirus, coronavirus infection-associated kidney injury and the corresponding therapies, in order to provide new insights for clinicians to better understand the kidney involvement of coronavirus so that more effective therapeutic strategies can be employed against coronavirus infection in the future. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Experimental & Therapeutic Medicine is the property of Spandidos Publications UK Ltd and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)

18.
SciFinder; 2020.
Preprint | SciFinder | ID: ppcovidwho-5177

ABSTRACT

A review. The report summarized the diagnosis and treatment protocols with traditional Chinese medicine from 24 provinces and municipalities.

19.
Preprint in English | medRxiv | ID: ppmedrxiv-20240150

ABSTRACT

BackgroundNew York City (NYC) experienced an initial surge and gradual decline in the number of SARS-CoV-2 confirmed cases in 2020. A change in the pattern of laboratory test results in COVID-19 patients over this time has not been reported or correlated with patient outcome. MethodsWe performed a retrospective study of routine laboratory and SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR test results from 5,785 patients evaluated in a NYC hospital emergency department from March to June employing machine learning analysis. ResultsA COVID-19 high-risk laboratory test result profile (COVID19-HRP), consisting of 21 routine blood tests, was identified to characterize the SARS-CoV-2 patients. Approximately half of the SARS-CoV-2 positive patients had the distinct COVID19-HRP that separated them from SARS-CoV-2 negative patients. SARS-CoV-2 patients with the COVID19-HRP had higher SARS-CoV-2 viral loads, determined by cycle-threshold values from the RT-PCR, and poorer clinical outcome compared to other positive patients without COVID19-HRP. Furthermore, the percentage of SARS-CoV-2 patients with the COVID19-HRP has significantly decreased from March/April to May/June. Notably, viral load in the SARS-CoV-2 patients declined and their laboratory profile became less distinguishable from SARS-CoV-2 negative patients in the later phase. ConclusionsOur study visualized the down-trending of the proportion of SARS-CoV-2 patients with the distinct COVID19-HRP. This analysis could become an important tool in COVID-19 population disease severity tracking and prediction. In addition, this analysis may play an important role in prioritizing high-risk patients, assisting in patient triaging and optimizing the usage of resources.

20.
Preprint in English | bioRxiv | ID: ppbiorxiv-242867

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of COVID-19 has emerged as a global pandemic. The unprecedented scale and severity call for rapid development of effective prophylactics or therapeutics. We here reported Nanobody (Nb) phage display libraries derived from four camels immunized with the SARS-CoV-2 spike receptor-binding domain (RBD), from which 381 Nbs were identified to recognize SARS-CoV-2-RBD. Furthermore, seven Nbs were shown to block interaction of human angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) with SARS-CoV-2-RBD-variants, bat-SL-CoV-WIV1-RBD and SARS-CoV-1-RBD. Among the seven candidates, Nb11-59 exhibited the highest activity against authentic SARS-CoV-2 with ND50 of 0.55 g/mL. Nb11-59 can be produced on a large-scale in Pichia pastoris, with 20 g/L titer and 99.36% purity. It also showed good stability profile, and nebulization did not impact its stability. Overall, Nb11-59 might be a promising prophylactic and therapeutic molecule against COVID-19, especially through inhalation delivery. Graphical Abstract O_FIG O_LINKSMALLFIG WIDTH=200 HEIGHT=154 SRC="FIGDIR/small/242867v2_ufig1.gif" ALT="Figure 1"> View larger version (42K): org.highwire.dtl.DTLVardef@e4434org.highwire.dtl.DTLVardef@9fee79org.highwire.dtl.DTLVardef@1e15bb1org.highwire.dtl.DTLVardef@4adb0c_HPS_FORMAT_FIGEXP M_FIG C_FIG

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