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Nurs Open ; 2023 May 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20241889


AIM: To explore the nursing workforce allocation in intensive care units (ICUs) of COVID-19-designated hospitals during the epidemic peak in China. DESIGN: A nationwide cross-sectional online survey. METHODS: A total of 37 head nurses and 262 frontline nurses in 37 ICUs of COVID-19-designated tertiary hospitals located in 22 cities of China were surveyed. The self-reported human resource allocation questionnaire was used to assess the nursing workforce allocation. RESULTS: The average patient-to-nurse ratio was 1.89 ± 1.14, and the median working hours per shift was 5 h. The top four majors of front-line nurses in ICUs were respiratory (31.30%), lemology (27.86%), intensive care (21.76%) and emergency (17.18%). We also found that a smaller average patient-to-nurse ratio (odds ratio [OR]: 0.328, 95% CI: 0.108, 1.000), longer average weekly rest time per person (OR: 0.193, 95% CI: 0.051, 0.729) and larger proportion of 6-9 working years (OR: 0.002, 95% CI: 0.001, 1.121) decreased the occurrence of nursing adverse events.

J Nurs Manag ; 30(5): 1147-1156, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1784703


AIMS: The aim of this study is to investigate the situation and perceptions of nursing directors about emergency nursing staff deployment in designated hospitals during the pandemic of COVID-19 in mainland China. BACKGROUND: The pandemic of COVID-19 has significantly depleted health care resources, leading to increased burden of nursing care and staffing and exacerbating the crisis in health care facilities. Currently, how to effectively plan and schedule nursing staffing in the pandemic still remains unknown. METHODS: From 14 July 2020 to 8 September 2020, 62 nursing directors of designated hospitals in mainland China were invited to participate in a cross-sectional online survey for their perceptions of nursing human-resource allocation during the pandemic of COVID-19. RESULTS: A total of 55 valid questionnaires were collected, showing that 96.36% of the hospitals had emergency nursing organizations and management systems during the pandemic, 96.36% had well-established scheduling principles for nursing human resources and 54.55% of hospitals had human-resource scheduling platforms. All the hospitals had trained emergency nursing staff in infection control (55, 100%), work process (51, 92.73%) and emergency skills (50, 90.91%). Most of the participants were satisfied with the nursing staffing deployments at their institutions (52, 94.55%). However, more than two thirds of them believed that their human-resource deployment plans need further improvements (39, 70.91%). CONCLUSIONS: Most of the designated hospitals investigated had established emergency nursing organizations, and management systems, and related regulations for the epidemic. However, the contents mentioned above still need to be further standardized. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: The surge of patients in the epidemic was considerable challenge for the emergency capacity of hospitals. In the future, we should pay more attention to the following aspects: building emergency nursing staffing platforms, increasing emergency human-resource reserves, establishing reliable communication channels for emergency response teams, improving the rules and regulations of emergency human-resource management, offering more training and drills for emergency-related knowledge and skills and giving more focus on bio-psycho-social wellbeing of nurses.

COVID-19 , Nursing Staff, Hospital , COVID-19/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Pandemics , Personnel Staffing and Scheduling
BMC Nurs ; 21(1): 23, 2022 Jan 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1636867


BACKGROUND: Appropriate allocation of nursing staff is key to ensuring efficient nursing in hospitals, and is significantly correlated with patient safety, nursing quality, and nurse job satisfaction. However, there are few studies on nursing workforce allocation in the isolation wards of COVID-19 designated hospitals globally. This study aims to better understand the nursing workforce allocation in the isolation wards of COVID-19 designated hospitals in China, and provide a theoretical basis for efficiently deploying first-line nurses in China and across the world in the future. METHODS: An online survey was conducted among the head nurses (n = 229) and nurses (n = 1378) in the isolation wards of 117 hospitals (selected by stratified sampling), using a self-reported human resource allocation questionnaire. RESULTS: The average bed-to-nurse ratios of different isolation wards were different (Z = 36.742, P = 0.000). The bed-to-nurse ratios of the ICU, suspected COVID-19 cases ward, and confirmed COVID-19 cases ward, were 1:1.88, 1:0.56, and 1:0.45, respectively. The nurse work hours per shift in different isolation wards were also different (Z = 8.468, P = 0.014), with the specific values of the ICU, suspected COVID-19 cases ward, and confirmed COVID-19 cases ward, being 5, 6, and 6 h, respectively. A correlation analysis showed that the average work hours per shift was proportional to the overtime work of nurses (rs = 0.146), the proportion of nurse practitioners was proportional to the overall utilization rate of nursing human resources in the wards (rs = 0.136), and the proportion of nurses with college degrees was proportional to teamwork (rs = 0.142). The proportion of nurses above grade 10 was inversely proportional to teamwork and psychological problems (rs = 0.135, rs = 0.203). The results of multiple stepwise regression analyses showed that the work hours of nurses per shift was the main factor affecting nurse satisfaction and that the proportion of nurses and the work hours of nurses per shift were both independent factors affecting the length of stay (LOS) of patients. CONCLUSION: Hospitals in China have made good nursing workforce allocations during the COVID-19 pandemic, but there are certain shortcomings. Therefore, scientific and efficient nursing workforce allocation practice plans should be established to improve the ability of hospitals to deal with public health emergencies and are urgent problems that need to be addressed soon.