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Contemp Clin Trials ; 123: 106966, 2022 Oct 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2075975


BACKGROUND: Despite their intrinsic strengths and resilience, some American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities experience among the highest rates of suicide of any racial and ethnic group. Caring Contacts is one of the only interventions shown to reduce suicide in clinical trials, but it has not been tested in AI/AN settings. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of Enhanced Usual Care (control) to Enhanced Usual Care augmented with a culturally adapted version of Caring Contacts (intervention) for reducing suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and suicide-related hospitalizations. METHODS: We are implementing a single blind randomized controlled trial of Caring Contacts in five AI/AN communities across the country (South Dakota, Montana, Oklahoma, and Alaska). Eligible participants have to be (1) actively suicidal or have made a suicide attempt within the past year; (2) at least 18 years of age; (3) AI/AN; (4) able to speak and read English; (5) able to participate voluntarily; (6) willing to be contacted by text, email or postal mail; and (7) able to provide consent. Following consent and baseline assessment, participants are randomized to receive either Enhanced Usual Care alone, or Enhanced Usual Care with 12 months (25 messages) of culturally adapted Caring Contacts. Follow-up assessments are conducted at 12 and 18 months. CONCLUSIONS: If effective, this study of Caring Contacts will inform programs to reduce suicide in the study communities as well as inform future research on Caring Contacts in other tribal settings. Modifications to continue the trial during the COVID-19 pandemic are discussed. CLINICAL TRIALS REGISTRATION: NCT02825771.

Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved ; 32(2 Supplement):318-346, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1208138


Indigenous peoples experience a disparate burden of chronic diseases and lower access to health education resources compared with other populations. Technology can increase access to health education resources, potentially reducing health inequities in these vulnerable populations. Although many Indigenous communities have limited access to the Internet, this barrier is decreasing as tribes and Indigenous-serving organizations work to improve TechQuity. Using Arksey and O'Malley's framework, we conducted a scoping literature review to identify technology-based health education interventions designed for Indigenous adults. We searched multiple databases, limiting papers to those written in English, describing interventions for participants 18 years of age or older, and published between 1999–2020. The review yielded 229 articles, nine of which met eligibility criteria. Findings suggest a paucity of technology-based health education interventions designed for Indigenous peoples and limited testing of the existing resources. Future health disparity research should focus on development and rigorous testing of such interventions.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 21(1): 171, 2021 Mar 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1112430


BACKGROUND: Psychological stress and coping experienced during pregnancy can have important effects on maternal and infant health, which can also vary by race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Therefore, we assessed stressors, coping behaviors, and resources needed in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic in a sample of 162 perinatal (125 pregnant and 37 postpartum) women in the United States. METHODS: A mixed-methods study captured quantitative responses regarding stressors and coping, along with qualitative responses to open-ended questions regarding stress and resources needed during the COVID-19 pandemic. Logistic and linear regression models were used to analyze differences between pregnant and postpartum participants, as well as differences across key demographic variables. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze open-ended questions. RESULTS: During the COVID-pandemic, food scarcity and shelter-in-place restrictions made it difficult for pregnant women to find healthy foods. Participants also reported missing prenatal appointments, though many reported using telemedicine to obtain these services. Financial issues were prevalent in our sample and participants had difficulty obtaining childcare. After controlling for demographic variables, pregnant women were less likely to engage in healthy stress-coping behaviors than postpartum women. Lastly, we were able to detect signals of increased stressors induced by the COVID-19 pandemic, and less social support, in perinatal women of racial and ethnic minority, and lower-income status. Qualitative results support our survey findings as participants expressed concerns about their baby contracting COVID-19 while in the hospital, significant others missing the delivery or key obstetric appointments, and wanting support from friends, family, and birthing classes. Financial resources, COVID-19 information and research as it relates to maternal-infant health outcomes, access to safe healthcare, and access to baby supplies (formula, diapers, etc.) emerged as the primary resources needed by participants. CONCLUSIONS: To better support perinatal women's mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic, healthcare providers should engage in conversations regarding access to resources needed to care for newborns, refer patients to counseling services (which can be delivered online/via telephone) and virtual support groups, and consistently screen pregnant women for stressors.

Adaptation, Psychological , COVID-19 , Health Resources/organization & administration , Health Services Accessibility , Parenting/psychology , Perinatal Care , Prenatal Education/methods , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/psychology , Female , Health Care Rationing/statistics & numerical data , Health Services Accessibility/standards , Health Services Accessibility/trends , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Mental Health/standards , Needs Assessment , Perinatal Care/methods , Perinatal Care/organization & administration , Perinatal Care/trends , Pregnancy , SARS-CoV-2 , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Stress, Psychological/prevention & control , Telemedicine/methods , Telemedicine/organization & administration , United States