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Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases ; 82(Suppl 1):27, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-20236817

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe first coronavirus infection was confirmed in Wuhan City, People's Republic of China, in December 2019. On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the novel coronavirus disease a public health emergency of international concern. On March 11, 2020, World Health Organization announced that the new coronavirus infection can be regarded as a pandemic because of the global spread of the infection. The world's first authorization for a coronavirus disease 2019 vaccine (CV) in the UK was in December 2020. The first authorization for a CV in Japan was in February 2021. A maximum of five times of vaccination had been performed in Japanese people until January 2023. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are generally immunocompromised because of the drugs used for RA treatment. Patients with RA are recommended to receive a CV in the 2021 update of the EULAR recommendations for the management of rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases in the context of SARS-CoV-2 [1]. However, some patients with RA rejected CV for various reasons or reports of adverse reactions (ARs) in clinical practice. Real-world clinical information on CV is necessary for better relationships between patients with RA and their physicians.ObjectivesThis retrospective study aimed to determine the vaccination rate, ARs, and reasons for nonvaccination of CV in patients with RA in clinical practice.MethodsThe vaccination rate, ARs, and reasons for nonvaccination of CV in patients with RA on clinical records of our institute were investigated up to the third vaccination. Patients were divided into three age groups: 0–64 years old (YG), 65–74 years old (OG), and >75 years old (VOG). The association between age groups and vaccination rates was also investigated. The Cochran–Armitage test was used for statistical analysis.ResultsRegarding patient background (n = 610), the mean age was 67.8 years (YG, n = 207;OG, n = 196;VOG, n = 207;female, 75.1%;mean RA duration, 14.1 years). The vaccination rate among all patients was 8.4% for nonvaccination;91.6% for the first dose;91.3%, second dose;and 86.6%, third dose. A significant decrease over time was observed (p < 0.01). Nonvaccination was observed in 13.0%, 9.2%, and 2.9% of those in YG, OG, and VOG, respectively. A higher rate of nonvaccination was observed in the YG (p < 0.01). The results of the analysis by age group were 87.0%/90.8%/97.1% (first dose), 87.0%/90.3%/96.6% (second dose), and 77.8%/86.7%/95.2% (third dose) among the YG/OG/VOG, respectively (Figure 1). No statistically significant decrease in the vaccination rate was found over time in OG (p = 0.19) and VOG (p = 0.30) but not in VOG (p = 0.01). ARs occurred in 8.2%, 14.5%, and 16.1% of the patients receiving the first, second, and third doses, respectively. Among the reasons for nonvaccination, 35 (68.6%) patients were concerned about ARs to CV and 6 (11.8%) thought that CV was unnecessary.ConclusionCV rate in our cohort was higher than that of whole nation in Japan (81.4% for the first dose, 80.4% for the second dose, 67.8% for the third dose). CV rate has been declining steadily in patients with RA, with a stronger trend in younger age groups. Fear of ARs was the most frequent reason for nonvaccination.Reference[1]Landewé RBM et al. Ann Rheum Dis 2022.Acknowledgements:NIL.Disclosure of InterestsNone Declared.

2.
Nihon Ringakkai Shi/Journal of the Japanese Forestry Society ; 105(3):76-86, 2023.
Article in Japanese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-20236816

ABSTRACT

After the Second World War, camping and camping sites in forests have developed and increased significantly from the 1980 s to 1990 s in Japan, relying on the laws and institutions established from the 1950 s to 1970 s across multiple administrative sectors, obtaining social approval as a legitimatized outdoor activity and forest use. Since the 2000s, the management of these camping sites has deteriorated mainly owing to economic recession, which caused the movement of camping site renewal by the private sector. This movement directed the diversification of forest use by camping sites in recent years. Camping facilities have been developed in many ways to meet the needs of campers, including organized group camps that promote education and experience in forests, solo camps, glamping, and workcations under the spread of the COVID-19 that demand relaxing or productive environment, and leisure camps that require enrichment of outdoor activities. As a result of this diversification, possibilities for effective utilization of forests and regional revitalization through the management of camping sites have been observed. Many camping sites have utilized forest lands, standing trees, and forest spaces to develop facilities and services, and there are cases where firewood production for campers has promoted the reorganization and development of local forestry and securing of personnel for forest management. In addition to securing local employment brought by reorganization, local revitalization in rural and mountainous areas has been promoted through the linkage of the needs of campers to positive economic effects, increase of the visitors who deeply connected to local people, and comprehensive and sustainable use of resources in local societies. © 2023 Nihon Ringakkai. All rights reserved.

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