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1.
Surgical Practice ; 26(Supplement 1):19, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2078280

ABSTRACT

Aim: Dog bite is not uncommon in Hong Kong. Though rarely fatal, dog bite wounds can cause significant morbidity if not managed in a timely manner. This study aims to review the pattern of facial dog bite wounds before and during the COVID pandemic. Method(s): Admissions to Tuen Mun Hospital with diagnosis of dog bite from 2018 to 2021 inclusive were reviewed. Patient demographics, treatments and outcome were documented. With 1/1/2020 as a cut off, patients' are divided into the pre-COVID (A) and COVID (B) pandemic group. Result(s): 10% of the 338 admissions for dog bite resulted in facial wounds. 23% of victims were under 18. 91% of the culprit were vaccinated domestic dogs. Most common locations involved were the lip and cheek. None required reconstruction. There were 19 and 15 cases in A & B with no significant differences in patient demographics. Mean time from incident to AED is delayed in B by 30 min but the difference is not significant. 84% in A and all in B had wound irrigation and suturing after transferral to surgical wards, resulting in an insignificant mean delay of 9-11 h. 3 cases of post-operative wound infection (1 in A, 2 in B) were identified, with an average of 15 h gap from incident to documented wound irrigation. Conclusion(s): Prevalence of post-operative wound infection is higher in the pandemic group even though the overall incidence is low. Initiation of wound irrigation as early as presentation to AED is recommended to minimise risk of wound infection.

2.
International Journal of Asia-Pacific Studies ; 18(2):99-125, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1994760

ABSTRACT

This paper offers insight into the mental health challenges encountered by migrant domestic workers (MDWs) during the first phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in Brunei Darussalam. Data collected in one-to-one interviews evaluate their oral stories using various mental health linguistic codes. A preliminary study addresses initial signs of anxiety and other mental health issues that a segment of the migrant worker community has confronted due to employment conditions, structural restrictions, and a lack of access to mental health resources. A pilot study focuses on three narratives that pave the way for further studies into the causes, structures, and solutions around the lived experiences of crisis and control in a global pandemic. © Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, 2022.

3.
Public Health ; 209: 23-29, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1907696

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Factors associated with an individual's awareness of vulnerability can be modified by the infrastructure of a city. These factors may impact disaster preparedness among local populations in an infrastructure-resilient city, which further influences the health risks of various population subgroups. STUDY DESIGN: This was a population-based study. METHODS: Four population subgroups, which have previously been reported to be related to awareness of vulnerability (i.e. past experiences, sociodemographic deprivation, poor housing conditions and family medical needs), were analysed for their impacts on disaster preparedness. Validated population-based phone interviews (n = 856) were conducted in Hong Kong. Three types of disaster preparedness were studied: (1) physical preparedness; (2) social preparedness; and (3) education preparedness. RESULTS: Previous experience of social hazards, accidental hazards and epidemics increased disaster preparedness among the local population. Specifically, experiences of accidental hazards and social hazards were positively associated with physical preparedness (odds ratios 1.626, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.215, 2.172) and 1.501 [95% CI 1.114, 2.024], respectively). However, experiences of natural hazards did not increase preparedness, even in Hong Kong, which is a city with high 'disaster resilience' because of its well-developed infrastructure. Moreover, individuals with a low educational level or low income had lower education preparedness, unmarried individuals had lower social preparedness, and poor housing conditions of non-private-housing households had negative associations with education preparedness. These findings partially align with local disaster responses to the 2018 Typhoon Mangkhut, the 2019 social unrest and the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic, all of which were observed after the 2018 survey reported in this study. CONCLUSIONS: Social and environmental interventions should be targeted to marginalised subpopulations through location-based community strategies to encourage increased environmental knowledge and participation in disaster preparedness activities.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Cyclonic Storms , Disaster Planning , Disasters , Humans , Pandemics
4.
Managerial and Decision Economics ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1729176

ABSTRACT

This paper explores the business strategies of car-sharing platforms between 2020 and 2021, during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study conducted a systematic review and adopted a dynamic capabilities approach;it analyzes 231 online articles concerning Uber, Ola, and Grab to demonstrate 6S sub-constructs: SAFETY, SCAN, SYSTEM, SUPPORT, SPREAD, and SPEED. The findings suggest that developing safe riding experiences, identifying threats through technology, realigning culture/structure through financial/community support, and expanding delivery services are necessary strategies to combat the pandemic. The new normal has managerial and policy implications on how businesses in the sharing economy sector adapt to radical and dynamic environments. © 2022 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

6.
International Journal of Cardiology ; 345:34-34, 2021.
Article in English | PMC | ID: covidwho-1593346
7.
New Normal and New Rules in International Trade, Economics and Marketing ; : 291-308, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1573417

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of COVID-19 in China has caused Chinese consumers to question the hidden danger of food safety after their experience with previous epidemics like SARS, H1N1, and swine flu. It is feared that the virus could spread from animal to human, similar to avian and swine influenza. They are also concerned that food purchased from supermarkets and farmer's markets could be infected due to improper control measures. This study reviews the potential impact of the COVID- 19 pandemic on Chinese consumers' growing health, ethical, and food safety concerns, which could influence their purchasing attitudes and intention to buy food. The implications of this research are to suggest to marketers the long- term behavioral and attitude shifts we could witness from the COVID- 19 pandemic is a primary concern that needs to be given attention. In order to study the effects of COVID-19 on consumers' attitudes, an online questionnaire was administered in this study. Participants are Chinese consumers from different areas who have different ages and educational backgrounds. This study applies regression analysis to figure out the relationships between the independent variables and dependent variables. The results show that, during the pandemic of COVID- 19, food safety concerns and health consciousness changed the purchasing behaviors of Chinese consumers. © Peter Lang GmbH Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften Berlin 2021. All rights reserved.

8.
New Normal and New Rules in International Trade, Economics and Marketing ; : 267-290, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1573288

ABSTRACT

The sudden escalation of the COVID-19 pandemic contributes to Chinese young people's online food shopping behavior changes. Because of the government decree restricting going out and further outbreaks of COVID-19, young people select e-shopping, which offers contactless payments and delivery, to avoid risks. Furthermore, young people prefer to purchase food such as snacks or raw materials online to get rid of boredom. With the occurrence of COVID- 19, this chapter aims to explore Chinese young customers' online food shopping behavior, including types of products, the quantity of products, frequency of purchases by using food delivery apps during this time. Considering Information Quality, Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT), and UTAUT 2, eight main variables, including information quality, performance expectancy, effort expectancy, social influence, facilitating conditions, hedonic motivation, price value, and habit, are used to indicate customers' continuous intention of applying takeaway delivery apps as mediums. Based on the 203 survey results, the Chinese young people's online food shopping behavior using food delivery apps has been examined. The findings provide practical cases for the e-commerce and catering industry to predict or prepare emergency plans. It can primarily reduce the reaction time and can have a specific prevention ability to solve force majeure, such as coronavirus diseases. This research can help to reduce the loss of the e- commerce and catering industry, especially food retailers, by understanding customers' online purchasing behavior during epidemic diseases. © Peter Lang GmbH Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften Berlin 2021. All rights reserved.

9.
Annals of Allergy Asthma & Immunology ; 127(5):S6-S6, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1529259
10.
Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology ; 127(5):S6-S6, 2021.
Article in English | PMC | ID: covidwho-1509530
11.
International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1479792

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 global pandemic has highlighted and exacerbated existing gender-based inequities in the workforce. A research collective developed by academic mothers with young children ("motherscholars") emerged as a solution to address some of the constraints particularly faced by mothers in academia. The Motherscholar Collective was formed to research the effects of the pandemic on the work and personal lives of academic mothers with young children. Focus group interviews of participants explored how the Motherscholar Collective has provided relief from the sources of threat generated and amplified by the pandemic. Findings showed that participation in the Collective was transformative. Key themes, including flexibility, collaboration, validation, and empowerment, reflect how the Collective contributed to motherscholars' sense of authenticity as scholars by facilitating a harmonious integration of their professional and personal identities. The resulting implications for academic workplaces suggest opportunities for institutional improvement toward the end of transformational empowerment for motherscholars in academia. © 2021 Hogrefe Publishing.

12.
Taiwan Journal of Public Health ; 40(2):187-198, 2021.
Article in Chinese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1304839

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The Taiwan Centers for Disease Control have established government quarantine facilities (GQF) to prevent the community spread of COVID-19. Medical personnel are frontline workers who must have contact with individuals in quarantine and are thus at higher risk of infection. As a reference for future recruitment, this study investigated why some medical personnel volunteer to care for individuals in GQF. Methods: The researchers used purposive sampling to recruit participants from a GQF in northern Taiwan. Focus group interviews were administered. The consistency of the interview outline content was 91%. After the interviews, content analysis was performed to examine and summarize the data. The data were coded before comparison, categorization and summarization, producing various core categories. Results: A total of 12 participants voluntarily attended our interviews, compromising 4 men and 8 women, with an average age of 48.1 ±6.4 years and an average length of service in GQF of 82.1 ± 77.1 days. Our study results revealed four aspects and six reasons that affect the voluntary participation of medical personnel in epidemic prevention tasks. The first aspect was meeting safety needs, and the reasons included sufficient personal protective equipment, complete standard operating procedures, and orientation training and in-service education and training. The second aspect was meeting the needs of love and belonging, and the reason included a good working atmosphere. The third aspect was meeting the need for self-esteem, and the reason included Taiwan's previous SARS epidemic prevention experience. Finally, the fourth aspect was meeting the need for selfrealization, and the reason was based on the humanistic concern. Conclusions: At the time of the coronavirus outbreak, various countries reported insufficient medical personnel or personnel unwilling to participate in epidemic prevention work. Our results revealed that if the environment met the Maslow's hierarchy of needs, it can attract medical personnel to volunteer in GQF tasks. In formulating policies, the needs must be met at all levels, so that medical staff would be willing to participate in epidemic prevention work. © 2021 Chinese Public Health Association of Taiwan. All rights reserved.

13.
20th International Conference on Electronic Business, ICEB 2020 ; 2020-December:496-500, 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1232897

ABSTRACT

Crowdfunding is an emerging industry in the past decades, which proliferates and has attracted an enormous population from the public to be involved in various funding projects in multiple fields such as business entrepreneurship, healthcare, and fintech. Meanwhile, charitable crowdfunding platforms such as GoFundMe, Indiegogo, and Kickstarter have allowed internet users to provide help and donation to the fundraisers directly. As the year 2020 is surrounded by the COVID-19 global pandemic spreading out the world, the topic of coronavirus relief has surged. Thus, it is worthy of evaluating the crowdfunding campaign's effectiveness during the coronavirus context by making a connection between fundraising activities and coronavirus relief. This paper aims to investigate the effects of various factors affecting a donation-based crowdfunding campaign for coronavirus relief of food donation in the United States and determine the significant factors affecting the campaign's success rate. To achieve this research purpose, secondary data were extensively collected from the crowdfunding platform GoFundMe for regression analysis. The sample data was derived from crowdfunding campaigns launched from March 1st, 2020, to May 31st, 2020. During this period, the United States was severely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic with an exponentially surged number of confirmed cases. This paper derives the independent variables that have been examined from previous studies and further applies in the coronavirus context to identify whether these factors are significant influencers to the success of crowdfunding campaigns for coronavirus relief of food donation. The factors being examined include target funding amount, the existence of spelling mistakes, the presence of pictures, video, social network sites, project updates, comments between fundraisers and backers, and links to external websites. That the significant factors contributing to a successful funding project are similar, as identified in previous reward-based and equity crowdfunding studies. On the other hand, several independent variables' effectiveness varied between the normal scenario and the coronavirus context, as such variables demonstrate a much compelling role to attract donors for the coronavirus relief activations. The analysis is valuable and worthy of different viewpoints. First, understanding the donor's motivation and the success features of funding projects is valuable for fundraisers to have a strategic mindset for decision-making criteria when initiating funding projects to attract more donors and the amount of money. Second, because of the lack of literature focusing on examining the success features for donation-based crowdfunding campaigns, this study fills the gap and further focus on the crowdfunding activations in the context of coronavirus food relief in the US. Therefore, this study provides significant insight to understand the dynamics of the donation-based crowdfunding campaign and provides a recommendation to develop coronavirus relief more efficiently. © 2020 International Consortium for Electronic Business. All rights reserved.

14.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America ; 118(20):18, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1209529

ABSTRACT

Many Americans fail to get life-saving vaccines each year, and the availability of a vaccine for COVID-19 makes the challenge of encouraging vaccination more urgent than ever. We present a large field experiment (N = 47,306) testing 19 nudges delivered to patients via text message and designed to boost adoption of the influenza vaccine. Our findings suggest that text messages sent prior to a primary care visit can boost vaccination rates by an average of 5%. Overall, interventions performed better when they were 1) framed as reminders to get flu shots that were already reserved for the patient and 2) congruent with the sort of communications patients expected to receive from their healthcare provider (i.e., not surprising, casual, or interactive). The best-performing intervention in our study reminded patients twice to get their flu shot at their upcoming doctor's appointment and indicated it was reserved for them. This successful script could be used as a template for campaigns to encourage the adoption of life-saving vaccines, including against COVID-19.

15.
Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology ; 125(5):S82-S83, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-887029

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Hyper immunoglobulin M (HIGM) syndromes are a group of rare inherited disorders characterized by deficiencies in immunoglobulin class switch recombination (CSR). Patients with HIGM are predisposed to infectious, autoimmune, inflammatory, and malignant complications. We describe a case of a 21-year-old male with HIGM presenting with fever and severe oral ulcers. Case Description: A 21-year-old male with HIGM due to a CD40L mutation on immunoglobulin therapy was admitted for 4-week history of painful erosive oral lesions, sore throat, and fever. He had deep ulcers on his hard palate, tonsils, and tongue that worsened despite treatment with valacyclovir and azithromycin as an outpatient. Neutrophil counts were normal. Blood and respiratory cultures were negative;one out of two throat fungal cultures showed Candida albicans. Biopsy of the ulcers was negative for fungal elements and HSV. COVID-19 PCR was negative, but COVID-19 IgM to the receptor-binding domain was positive (1:80). IgG was negative, which was expected with HIGM. The patient was treated with acyclovir, fluconazole, ceftriaxone, and metronidazole while undergoing infectious work-up. He continued to have fevers with no improvement in stomatitis. After adding prednisone, his ulcers and fever quickly resolved. Discussion: This remains an unclear case of chronic fevers and severe oral ulcers in a patient with HIGM. Candida albicans was unlikely to be the cause. Surprisingly, COVID-19 IgM was positive, suggesting that an infection had occurred. Mucosal involvement has been increasingly reported with COVID-19, and lesions may be more severe in patients with primary immunodeficiency. Steroids may be an effective therapy once other infections are excluded. [Formula presented]

17.
Journal of the International Aids Society ; 23:172-173, 2020.
Article | WHO COVID | ID: covidwho-705563
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