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Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) ; 35(4): 466-467, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1774129


Understanding of the impact of masking in schools to prevent COVID transmission is limited since much of the data considers factors in addition to masking. We collected data from 30 school districts in Texas, contrasting districts where masks were mandated with those where masks were optional. Results showed that mandatory masking was associated with a reduction in COVID-19 positivity among student populations, but not in staff populations.

J Hosp Med ; 16(11): 659-666, 2021 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1502797


BACKGROUND: Racial and ethnic minority groups in the United States experience a disproportionate burden of COVID-19 deaths. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether outcome differences between Hispanic and non-Hispanic COVID-19 hospitalized patients exist and, if so, to identify the main malleable contributing factors. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective, cross-sectional, observational study of 6097 adult COVID-19 patients hospitalized within a single large healthcare system from March to November 2020. EXPOSURES: Self-reported ethnicity and primary language. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Clinical outcomes included intensive care unit (ICU) utilization and in-hospital death. We used age-adjusted odds ratios (OR) and multivariable analysis to evaluate the associations between ethnicity/language groups and outcomes. RESULTS: 32.1% of patients were Hispanic, 38.6% of whom reported a non-English primary language. Hispanic patients were less likely to be insured, have a primary care provider, and have accessed the healthcare system prior to the COVID-19 admission. After adjusting for age, Hispanic inpatients experienced higher ICU utilization (non-English-speaking: OR, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.47-2.08; English-speaking: OR, 1.13; 95% CI, 0.95-1.33) and higher mortality (non-English-speaking: OR, 1.43; 95% CI, 1.10-1.86; English-speaking: OR, 1.53; 95% CI, 1.19-1.98) compared to non-Hispanic inpatients. There were no observed treatment disparities among ethnic groups. After adjusting for age, Hispanic inpatients had elevated disease severity at admission (non-English-speaking: OR, 2.27; 95% CI, 1.89-2.72; English-speaking: OR, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.10- 1.61). In multivariable analysis, the associations between ethnicity/language and clinical outcomes decreased after considering baseline disease severity (P < .001). CONCLUSION: The associations between ethnicity and clinical outcomes can be explained by elevated disease severity at admission and limited access to healthcare for Hispanic patients, especially non-English-speaking Hispanics.

COVID-19 , Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Services Accessibility , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Minority Groups , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , United States/epidemiology
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 217, 2021 Feb 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1105698


BACKGROUND: Describe the indications for surgical interventions in asymptomatic patients with SARS-CoV-2. We are unaware of previous reports of an association between SARS-CoV-2 and acute appendicitis. METHODS: We performed a single institution retrospective review of SARS-CoV-2 pre-procedure testing and indications for surgical intervention. Statistical comparisons were performed using Chi Square analysis or two-tailed Student T test. RESULTS: We report a high prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in both all testing and pre-procedure testing during the enrollment period. We observe a high prevalence of acute appendicitis among patients identified to be SARS-CoV-2 positive during pre-procedure testing and without recognized symptoms of COVID19. CONCLUSION: We report a previously unrecognized association between SARS-CoV-2 and acute appendicitis.

Appendicitis/complications , COVID-19/complications , Acute Disease , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2