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Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-292965

ABSTRACT

Background: Favipiravir is an oral, RNA–dependent RNA polymerase inhibitor with in vitro activity against SARS–CoV2. Despite limited data, favipiravir is administered to patients with COVID-19 in several countries. Methods: We conducted a phase 2 double–blind randomized controlled outpatient trial of favipiravir in asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic adults with a positive SARS–CoV2 RT–PCR within 72 hours of enrollment. Participants were randomized 1:1 to receive placebo or favipiravir (1800 mg BID Day 1, 800mg BID Days 2–10). The primary outcome was SARS–CoV2 shedding cessation in a modified intention-to-treat (mITT) cohort of participants with positive enrollment RT–PCRs. Using SARS–CoV2 deep sequencing, we assessed the impact of favipiravir on mutagenesis. Results: From July 8, 2020 to March 23, 2021, we randomized 149 participants with 116 included in the mITT cohort. The mean age was 43 years (SD 12.5) and 57 (49%) were women. We found no difference in time to shedding cessation by treatment arm overall (HR 0.76 favoring placebo, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.48 – 1.20) or in sub-group analyses (age, sex, high-risk comorbidities, seropositivity or symptom duration at enrollment). We observed no difference in time to symptom resolution (initial: HR 0.84, 95% CI 0.54 – 1.29;sustained: HR 0.87, 95% CI 0.52 – 1.45). We detected no difference in accumulation of transition mutations in the viral genome during treatment. Conclusions: Our data do not support favipiravir use at commonly used doses in outpatients with uncomplicated COVID-19. Further research is needed to ascertain if higher doses of favipiravir are effective and safe for patients with COVID-19.

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