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Biosens Bioelectron ; 166: 112431, 2020 Oct 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-654767

ABSTRACT

Last few decades, viruses are a real menace to human safety. Therefore, the rapid identification of viruses should be one of the best ways to prevent an outbreak and important implications for medical healthcare. The recent outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus which belongs to the single-stranded, positive-strand RNA viruses. The pandemic dimension spread of COVID-19 poses a severe threat to the health and lives of seven billion people worldwide. There is a growing urgency worldwide to establish a point-of-care device for the rapid detection of COVID-19 to prevent subsequent secondary spread. Therefore, the need for sensitive, selective, and rapid diagnostic devices plays a vital role in selecting appropriate treatments and to prevent the epidemics. During the last decade, electrochemical biosensors have emerged as reliable analytical devices and represent a new promising tool for the detection of different pathogenic viruses. This review summarizes the state of the art of different virus detection with currently available electrochemical detection methods. Moreover, this review discusses different fabrication techniques, detection principles, and applications of various virus biosensors. Future research also looks at the use of electrochemical biosensors regarding a potential detection kit for the rapid identification of the COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Biosensing Techniques/instrumentation , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/instrumentation , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Electrochemical Techniques/instrumentation , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Viruses/isolation & purification , Animals , Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , Betacoronavirus/pathogenicity , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Testing , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Equipment Design , Humans , Metal Nanoparticles/chemistry , Metal Nanoparticles/ultrastructure , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Point-of-Care Testing , SARS-CoV-2 , Viruses/pathogenicity
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