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Higher Education in Asia ; Part F3:171-190, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-20238722


Under the raging pandemic, all stakeholders in higher education were forced to respond to unexpected educational changes. Universities shut down suddenly, students had no choice but studied online, and faculty members were forced to teach online without adequate preparation. Under these circumstances, students' actual learning experiences and the quality of online education become a major concern worldwide. This study adopts a quantitative approach to investigate Taiwanese students' perceptions of their online learning experiences during the breakout of the pandemic to discuss the challenges as well as the inequality issues in terms of online learning. A total of 517 valid responses were analyzed in this study. There are two major findings. First, nearly half of the respondents deemed online learning to be less effective than the traditional face-to-face mode. Second, students' educational background and family income significantly impact online learning effectiveness. © 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

Higher Education in Asia ; Part F3:101-122, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-20236940


During the pandemic, virtual Transnational higher education (TNHE) became one of the solutions to support researchers and students in continuing academic research collaborations, intercultural competence, and global awareness acquisition via a virtual platform. This case study explores the implementation of the MOST-NSF Partnership for International Research and Education (PIRE) research project between Taiwan and the USA in terms of governance modes and research productivity according to Knight's Functional, Organizational, a Political approaches (FOPA) model. The study finds that the political and functional models are somehow consistent with the national needs of scientific development. Second, the COVID-19 crisis intensified international collaboration and justified the supremacy of global sciences, which has overridden national and individual interests. The case study provides feasible management modes and research collaboration experiences for the researchers who would like to implement transnational higher education with other foreign partners in the post-pandemic era. © 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

Asian Education and Development Studies ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1105075


Purpose: This paper aimed to explore the development of distance education (DE) in Chinese higher education as well as the three significant themes: accessibility, quality and equity in Chinese DE and the performance of these three themes in Chinese DE. Design/methodology/approach: Document analysis was used as the major research method in this study to examine the development and challenges in terms of accessibility, quality and equity in Chinese DE. In this study, national-level official policy documents and reports from the Chinese government were collected and analyzed. Also, scientific articles from CNKI were analyzed to find out the evolution of the Frontier topics on Chinese DE in accessibility, quality and equity. Findings: There are three major findings. First, the Chinese government has shown its positive attitude toward DE in higher education. Second, compared with the other two themes: quality and equity;the number of articles in the accessibility of DE was lower than the other two themes and the problems of accessing online courses were insufficiently caused by two reasons due to lack of basic ICT literacy and poor Internet infrastructure. Third, there was a gap between Chinese policies and research articles mainly because of the unbalanced development of accessibility in policy management and research articles. Research limitations/implications: Although this paper has summarized the development of the DE in Chinese higher education, it was clear that accessibility, quality and equity were three critical issues in DE. However, there are still other essential factors that contribute to the development of DE that requires further investigation, such as learner satisfaction, different features of learning platforms and instructional strategy. Practical implications: The findings of this paper can be used to identify the attitude toward the DE of the Chinese government. Besides, the accessibility could be a research and practical focus for Chinese DE in the future. Originality/value: This study showed some significant policies released by the Chinese government toward DE in higher education and revealed the achievements, trends and challenges in the accessibility, quality and equity of Chinese DE. © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited.