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Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology ; 76(SUPPL 110):539-540, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1570426


Background: Oral food challenge (OFC) is the gold standard for the diagnosis of food allergy. OFC are traditionally performed in hospital, as a day ward procedure, with a high medical caregiver to patient ratio. This is likely to enhance communication and patient satisfaction. Despite the high incidence of adverse reactions, families generally report a positive experience . In Sep-Oct 2020 a novel, high throughput, OFC initiative was carried out by a cross-hospital, multidisciplinary Irish paediatric allergy team. Up to 25 OFCs were performed each day at an offsite, COVID-19 stepdown facility. The unique model was designed in response to the impact of the pandemic, on provision of ambulatory allergy services. It was essential to evaluate the patient experience of this unique, alternative OFC model, compounded by COVID related distancing. Method: An anonymised survey was conducted of randomised cross-section of patients attending. The survey was completed by the primary caregiver of the child attending for the OFC. 178 survey responses were collected from a total of 474 families and included for analysis. The survey was designed to assess patient satisfaction across a number of parameters. Results: 81% of respondents were highly satisfied with ease of use of a non-hospital facility. 81% reported that the site was “child friendly”. Patient experience was scored as “excellent” 82.9% of the time with a further 12.35% reporting it as above average. Communication was effective with 89% of carers reporting good understanding of the results of the OFC. 94.7% stated that their questions were answered by the Allergy Team present. Conclusion: Our results are remarkable for enhanced patient satisfaction despite a reduced medical caregiver to patient ratio. The patient's overall satisfaction was rated overwhelmingly as “excellent” despite almost 30% of patients experiencing allergic reactions. The pandemic has forced health services to seek new ways of doing things. This data reassures, that OFC models can be changed without sacrificing patient experience.

Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology ; 76(SUPPL 110):570-571, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1570363


Background: Internationally, the COVID-19 pandemic severely curtailed access to hospital facilities for those awaiting elective/semi elective procedures. For allergic children in Ireland, already waiting to 4yr for an elective oral food challenge (OFC), the restrictions signified indefinite delay. At the time of the initiative there were approx 900 children on the Chidren's Health Ireland (CHI) waiting list. In July 2020, a project was facilitated by short term (6wk) access to an empty COVID stepdown facility built, in a hotel conference centre, commandeered by the Health Service Executive Ireland (HSE). The aim was to the achieve rapid rollout of an off-site OFC service, delivering high throughput of long waiting patients, while aligning with hospital existing policies and quality standards, international allergy guidelines and national social distancing standards. Method: The working group engaged key stakeholders to rapidly develop an offsite OFC facility. Consultant Paediatric Allergists, Consultant Paediatricians, trainees and Allergy Clinical Nurse Specialists were seconded from other duties. The facility was already equipped with hospital beds, bedside monitors (BP, Pulse, Oxygen saturation) bedside oxygen. All medication and supplies had to be brought from the base hospital. Daily onsite consultant anaesthetic cover was resourced and a resuscitation room equipped. Standardised food challenge protocols were created. Access to onsite hotel chef facilitated food preparation. A risk register was established. Results: After 6wks planning, the remote centre became operational on 7/9/20, with the capacity of 27 OFC/day. 474 challenges were commenced, 465 (98%) were completed, 9(2%) were inconclusive. 135(29.03%) OFC were positive, 25(5%) causing anaphylaxis. No child required advanced airway intervention. 8 children were transferred to the base hospital. The CHI allergy waiting list was reduced by almost 60% in only 24 days. Conclusion: OFCs remain a vital tool in the care of allergic children, with their cost saving and quality of life benefits negatively affected by delay in their delivery. This project has shown it is possible to have huge impacts on a waiting list efficiently, effectively and safely with good planning and staff buy in -even in a pandemic. Adoption of new, flexible and efficient models of service delivery will be important for healthcare delivery in the post-COVID- 19 era.

Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology ; 76(SUPPL 110):194, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1570350


Background: The CORAL study is a cross-sectional study of the impact of the Coronavirus pandemic on allergic and autoimmune dysregulation of infants born in March, April and May 2020, during Ireland's 1 st COVID-19 pandemic Lockdown. Method: Invitations were sent to families of 3065 term, singleton babies. Exclusion criteria were ante-natal PCR-proven SARSCoV-2 in a parent or co-dwelling person, IV antibiotics in neonatal period, multiple births and major congenital anomalies. At 6 months babies were invited to attend CHI Connolly for point-of-care SARSCoV-2 antibody testing. Results: Of the 3065 letters sent 353 babies were enrolled.53.7% of enrolled infants were male, 78.4% were white-Irish, average birth weight was 3.506kg. 45% were first-born and 95.5% of mothers were educated at 3 rd level or higher. Babies' average number of close contacts other than household members was 2.3 during lockdown and 5.6 afterwards. 42.5% were reported to be currently breast-fed at enrolment. By 6 months, 97% of infants had solid foods introduced but only 24.5% had tried egg and 9.6% had tried peanut. Complete primary immunisation uptake at 6 months was 99%. Lastly, 3 babies out of 200 (1.3%) tested showed presence of IgM & IgG SARSCoV-2 antibodies;2 were PCR negative, the other PCR positive. Conclusion: Initial breastfeeding and immunisation uptake to 6 months are reassuringly high in this self-selected, highly-educated cohort. The rare positive antibody tests suggest recent or current infection, so newborn babies appear to have been protected from SARSCoV-2 exposure during the 1 st COVID Pandemic lockdown.