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Neurology ; 98(18 SUPPL), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1925285


Objective: Determine neuromuscular manifestation incidence in COVID-19 patients from the longitudinal electronic health record database Optum. Background: Both central and peripheral nervous system (PNS) manifestations of COVID-19 have been reported. A Chinese retrospective case series, on 214 hospitalized COVID-19 patients, found that 8.9% presented with peripheral nerve disease and 7% had muscular injuries. Other studies looking at the prevalence of PNS manifestations are limited and have significantly lower numbers. Design/Methods: The COVID-19 data is sourced from more than 700 hospitals and 7000 clinics in the US. Patients with numerous neuromuscular diagnoses were identified based on ICD-10 coding. Examples include carpal tunnel syndrome, radial nerve lesion, sciatic nerve lesion, myasthenia gravis, acute transverse myelitis, Bell's palsy, and trigeminal neuralgia. Results: We reviewed a total of 598,847 patients with positive COVID-19 PCR and/or diagnosis coding. Neuromuscular complications must have been within 45 days of diagnosis to be included. Incidence of similar neuromuscular complaints was evaluated in 3,001,153 controls without COVID-19. Critical illness neuropathy was found in 35,782 COVID-positive patients and 6,281 of those without. Retrospective study limitations include temporal relationship to COVID-19 does not necessarily indicate causality and inability to confirm the coding by record review or EMG/NCS. Conclusions: Incidence of neuromuscular disorders is generally lower or equivalent in COVID19 patients than in the general population, except for critical illness neuropathy and myopathy. This finding may be explained by more COVID-19 patients being in the intensive care unit and bedbound for longer periods. It is worth noting that a small case series of COVID-related critical illness neuropathy and myopathy patients showed no histopathological or clinical differences compared to non-COVID patients. To our knowledge, this report includes an analysis of neuromuscular manifestations in one of the largest cohorts of COVID-19 patients. This can assist with risk-benefit discussions regarding treatment initiation, etiology of diagnoses, and counseling for COVID-19 questions.

Stroke ; 52(SUPPL 1), 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1234332


Introduction: Inpatient rehabilitation (IPR) is crucial to recovery after stroke. COVID-19, however, has led to delays in post-stroke admission to IPR due to transmission concerns. Objective: We evaluated the effect of time from stroke onset to IPR admission on post-stroke recovery Design: A retrospective analysis of 680 patients with acute stroke or intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), admitted to IPR between APR-2017 and AUG-2019. Association between time from stroke onset to IPR and discharge FIM-Motor Total and FIM-Motor Total with transfers scores was studied, after adjusting for sex, age at onset, stroke severity and type. Multiple linear regression models were conducted for outcomes discharge: (FIM-Motor Total) and (FIM-Motor Total with transfers) (Table 1). Square transformations were used to satisfy model assumptions. Ordinal logistic regression models were run for outcomes discharge FIM subset scores categorized as independent (6-7), needs supervision (5), and needs assistance (1-4, reference). The primary variable of interest was days onset to IPR, adjusted for stroke severity (admit FIM subset scores), sex, stroke type and age. (Table 2). The proportional odds assumption was verified using Brant test. Results: An inverse relationship was observed between days from onset to IPR and discharge FIMMotor with and without transfers. Time from stroke onset to IPR admission was associated with decreased discharge FIM-Motor and FIM-Motor with transfers, after adjusting for other covariates. Among FIM subset discharges, an additional day also resulted in a 2-5% decrease in the odds of being more independent. Conclusion: Delays to IPR admission result in decreased motor function gains and lower chance of independence. In addition to current community education practices, acute care hospitals and IPR facilities must review their processes to remove delays. These processes include requirements for COVID disease testing and IPR acceptance policies.