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Journal of the American College of Surgeons ; 233(5):e75, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1466564

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Older adults comprise an increasing proportion of emergency general surgery (EGS) admissions and face high morbidity and mortality. We created a geriatric surgical service with geriatric and palliative expertise to mitigate risks of hospitalization most hazardous to older patients. In this study, we identified geriatric surgical service interventions most relevant to EGS patients. Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of patients >75 years admitted to the EGS service at our urban tertiary care hospital with a score >3 by the FRAIL scale, a five-point frailty screening instrument, or history of dementia. The geriatric surgical service, led by a dually-board certified geriatric and palliative care specialist, consulted on these patients from January 2020-January 2021;a hiatus was taken for the COVID-19 pandemic. Consults included a comprehensive geriatric assessment and calculated a modified Rockwood Frailty Index. Hospital admission characteristics and consultation components were collected via chart review. Results: Forty patients were evaluated (median age 82 years (IQR 78-89), 55.0% female). The most common admission diagnosis was small bowel obstruction (32.5%). 62.5% of patients underwent >1 surgical procedure. Median time to geriatric consult from admission was 3 days (IQR 1.0-4.3). By Frailty Index, 58% were moderately or severely frail. Interventions included medication changes (97.5%), symptom management (82.5%), delirium prevention and management (65.0%), mobility and function recommendations (65.0%), serious illness conversations (55.0%), and code status change (17.5%). Conclusion: Geriatric service involvement identifies and addresses a high burden of both geriatric and palliative care needs in older adult EGS patients.

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