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One Health Bulletin ; 3(7), 2023.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-20245376


The COVID-19 vaccines provide a high degree of protection against severe disease, hospitalisation, and death. However, no vaccine claimed 100% effectiveness and it is expected that a small proportion of vaccinated individuals may develop a breakthrough infection due to individual differences, virus variants and other factors. We conducted an epidemiological investigation and analysis of an imported case who had finished four doses of vaccination, and in order to provide a relevant reference for regular epidemic prevention and control in the post-pandemic era.

Acta Microbiologica Sinica ; 2:672-685, 2022.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1841702


[Objective] To explore whether porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) can infect and proliferate in different animal species-derived cell lines. [Methods] The Sichuan isolate CHN-SC2015of PDCoV was inoculated in twelve cell lines derived from hamster,poultry,monkey, human and swine. After at least five blindly passages in each cell line, the virus was identified by RT-PCR,RT-q PCR, indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA), and sequencing. [Results] PDCoV caused distinct cytopathic effect (CPE) in Vero,PAM,PK15,ST, and LLC-PK1 cells at the 1st passage (P1) and proliferated to various degrees in PAM,PK15,ST, and LLC-PK1 cells, while the CPE gradually disappeared during subsequent passages in Vero and PAM cells. Except that in the three susceptible cell lines (PK15,LLC-PK1, and ST), the viral copies of the infected cell lines gradually decreased with the increase in passages, and PDCoV could not be detected at P4 or P5 of DEF,Marc-145,HEK-293,ZYM-SIEC02, and PAM cells. PCR results showed that PDCoV could be detected only in CEF and Vero cells at P5. The IFA results showed that PDCoV could infect other cell lines except BHK-21 and ZYM-SIEC02, and specific immunofluorescence was observed in PK15,LLC-PK1, and ST cells at P1,P3, and P9. Therefore, only three cell lines (PK15,LLC-PK1, and ST) were suitable for serial passage, with the virus titers up to 107.11,107.00, and 107.37 TCID50/mL at P9,respectively. After passage in different cell lines,CHN-SC2015 accumulated 14 nucleotide mutations corresponding to 12 amino acid mutations. [Conclusion] This study indicates that PDCoV can infect a variety of cells in vitro, suggesting that it may have the potential of cross-species transmission.

Vet Microbiol ; 266: 109333, 2022 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1629002


Porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) is an enteropathogen found in many pig producing countries. It can cause acute diarrhea, vomiting, dehydration, and death in newborn piglets, seriously affecting the development of pig breeding industries. To date, our knowledge of the pathogenesis of PDCoV and its interactions with host cell factors remains incomplete. Using Co-IP coupled with LC/MS-MS, we identified 67 proteins that potentially interact with PDCoV in LLC-PK1 cells; five of the identified proteins were chosen for further evaluation (IMMT, STAT1, XPO5, PIK3AP1, and TMPRSS11E). Five LLC-PK1 cell lines, each with one of the genes of interest knocked down, were constructed using CRISPR/cas9. In these knockdown cells lines, only STAT1KD resulted in a significantly greater virus yield. Knockdown of the remaining four genes resulted, to varying degrees, in a lower virus yield that wild-type LLC-PK1 cells. The absence of STAT1 did not significantly affect the attachment of PDCoV to cells, but did result in increased viral internalization. Additionally, PDCoV infection stimulated expression of interferon stimulated genes (ISGs) downstream of STAT1 (IFIT1, IFIT2, RADS2, ISG15, MX1, and OAS1) while knockdown of STAT1 resulted in a greater than 80 % decrease in the expression of all six ISGs. Our findings show that STAT1 interacts with PDCoV, and plays a negative regulatory role in PDCoV infection.

Coronavirus Infections , Swine Diseases , Animals , Coronavirus Infections/veterinary , Interferons , LLC-PK1 Cells , Swine , Virus Internalization