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1.
Vaccine ; 2022 Jul 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1967205

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The safety and immunogenicity of the coadministration of an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine (Sinopharm BBIBP-CorV), quadrivalent split-virion inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV4), and 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) in adults in China is unknown. METHODS: In this open-label, non-inferiority, randomised controlled trial, participants aged ≥ 18 years were recruited from the community. Individuals were eligible if they had no history of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine or any pneumonia vaccine and had not received an influenza vaccine during the 2020-21 influenza season. Eligible participants were randomly assigned (1:1:1), using block randomization stratified, to either: SARS-CoV-2 vaccine and IIV4 followed by SARS-CoV-2 vaccine and PPV23 (SARS-CoV-2 + IIV4/PPV23 group); two doses of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine (SARS-CoV-2 vaccine group); or IIV4 followed by PPV23 (IIV4/PPV23 group). Vaccines were administered 28 days apart, with blood samples taken on day 0 and day 28 before vaccination, and on day 56. RESULTS: Between March 10 and March 15, 2021, 1152 participants were recruited and randomly assigned to three groups (384 per group). 1132 participants were included in the per-protocol population (375 in the SARS-CoV-2 + IIV4/PPV23 group, 380 in the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine group, and 377 in the IIV4/PPV23 group). The seroconversion rate (100 % vs 100 %) and GMT (159.13 vs 173.20; GMT ratio of 0.92 [95 % CI 0.83 to 1.02]) of SARS-CoV-2 neutralising antibodies in the SARS-CoV-2 + IIV4/PPV23 group was not inferior to those in the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine group. The SARS-CoV-2 + IIV4/PPV23 group was not inferior to the IIV4/PPV23 group in terms of seroconversion rates and GMT of influenza virus antibodies for all strains except for the seroconversion rate for the B/Yamagata strain. The SARS-CoV-2 + IIV4/PPV23 group was not inferior to the IIV4/PPV23 group regarding seroconversion rates and GMC of Streptococcus pneumoniae IgG antibodies specific to all serotypes. All vaccines were well tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: The coadministration of the inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine and IIV4/PPV23 is safe with satisfactory immunogenicity. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04790851.

2.
J Infect Dis ; 2022 Jun 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1901184

ABSTRACT

The highly transmissible Omicron variant has caused high rates of breakthrough infections in those previously vaccinated with ancestral strain COVID-19 vaccines. Here, we demonstrate that a booster dose of UB-612 vaccine candidate delivered 7-9 months after primary vaccination increased neutralizing antibody levels by 131-, 61- and 49-fold against ancestral SARS-CoV-2, Omicron BA.1, and BA.2 variants, respectively. Based on the RBD protein-binding antibody responses, the UB-612 third dose booster may lead to an estimated ∼95% efficacy against symptomatic COVID-19 caused by the ancestral strain. Our results support UB-612 as a potential potent booster against current and emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants.

3.
EuropePMC; 2022.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-334972

ABSTRACT

Omicron, a highly transmissible SARS-CoV-2, emerged in November 2021. The high mutation rates within spike protein of Omicron raised concerns about increased breakthrough infections among the vaccinated. We tested cross-reactivity of antibodies induced by UB-612 against Omicron and other variants. After 2 doses, UB-612 elicited low levels of neutralization antibodies against ancestral virus and Omicron. A booster dose delivered 7-9 months after primary vaccination dramatically increased antibody levels, with only a 1.4-fold loss in neutralization titer against Omicron compared to the ancestral strain. Using a model bridging vaccine efficacy with ancestral virus RBD binding antibody responses, predicted efficacy against symptomatic COVID-19 after UB-612 booster is estimated at 95%. UB-612 is anticipated to be a potent booster against current and emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants. One-Sentence Summary UB-612 booster induced broadly neutralizing antibodies against Omicron and is presumed to be protective against COVID-19.

4.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 12(1)2021 Dec 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1581023

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus has led to a global pandemic with a high spread rate and pathogenicity. Thus, with limited testing solutions, it is imperative to develop early-stage diagnostics for rapid and accurate detection of SARS-CoV-2 to contain the rapid transmission of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. In this regard, there remains little knowledge about the integration of the CRISPR collateral cleavage mechanism in the lateral flow assay and fluorophotometer. In the current study, we demonstrate a CRISPR/Cas12a-based collateral cleavage method for COVID-19 diagnosis using the Cas12a/crRNA complex for target recognition, reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) for sensitivity enhancement, and a novel DNA capture probe-based lateral flow strip (LFS) or real-time fluorescence detector as the parallel system readout facility, termed CRICOLAP. Our novel approach uses a customized reporter that hybridizes an optimized complementary capture probe fixed at the test line for naked-eye result readout. The CRICOLAP system achieved ultra-sensitivity of 1 copy/µL in ~32 min by portable real-time fluorescence detection and ~60 min by LFS. Furthermore, CRICOLAP validation using 60 clinical nasopharyngeal samples previously verified with a commercial RT-PCR kit showed 97.5% and 100% sensitivity for S and N genes, respectively, and 100% specificity for both genes of SARS-CoV-2. CRICOLAP advances the CRISPR/Cas12a collateral cleavage result readout in the lateral flow assay and fluorophotometer, and it can be an alternative method for the decentralized field-deployable diagnosis of COVID-19 in remote and limited-resource locations.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Testing , COVID-19 , CRISPR-Cas Systems , COVID-19/diagnosis , Humans , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , RNA, Viral , SARS-CoV-2 , Sensitivity and Specificity
5.
EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-291772

ABSTRACT

SARS-CoV-2 breakthrough infection occurs due to waning immunity time-to-vaccine, to which the globally-dominant, highly-contagious Delta variant is behind the scene. In the primary 2-dose and booster series of clinical Phase-1 trial, UB-612 vaccine, which contains S1-RBD and synthetic Th/CTL peptide pool for activation of humoral and T-cell immunity, induces substantial, prolonged viral-neutralizing antibodies that goes parallel with a long-lasting T-cell immunity;and a booster (3rd ) dose can prompt recall of memory immunity to induce profound, striking antibodies with the highest level of 50% viral-neutralizing GMT titers against live Delta variant reported for any vaccine. The unique design of S1-RBD only plus multitope T-cell peptides may have underpinned UB-612’s potent anti-Delta effect, while the other full S protein-based vaccines are affected additionally by mutations in the N-terminal domain sequence which contains additional neutralizing epitopes. UB-612, safe and well-tolerated, could be effective for boosting other vaccine platforms that have shown modest homologous boosting. [Funded by United Biomedical Inc., Asia;ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT04967742 and NCT04545749]

6.
J Med Virol ; 92(10): 2055-2066, 2020 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-969528

ABSTRACT

Clinical and laboratory data on patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Beijing, China, remain extremely limited. In this study, we summarized the clinical characteristics of patients with COVID-19 from a designated hospital in Beijing. In total, 55 patients with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection in Beijing 302 Hospital were enrolled in this study. Demographic data, symptoms, comorbidities, laboratory values, treatments, and clinical outcomes were all collected and retrospectively analyzed. A total of 15 (27.3%) patients had severe symptoms, the mean age was 44.0 years (interquartile range [IQR], 34.0-56.0), and the median incubation period was 7.5 days (IQR, 5.0-11.8). A total of 26 (47.3%) patients had exposure history in Wuhan of less than 2 weeks, whereas 20 (36.4%) patients were associated with familial clusters. Also, eighteen (32.7%) patients had underlying comorbidities including hypertension. The most common symptom of illness was fever (45; 81.8%); 51 (92.7%) patients had abnormal findings on chest computed tomography. Laboratory findings showed that neutrophil count, percentage of lymphocyte, percentage of eosinophil, eosinophil count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, albumin, and serum ferritin are potential risk factors for patients with a poor prognosis. A total of 26 patients (47.3%) were still hospitalized, whereas 29 (52.7%) patients had been discharged. Compared with patients in Wuhan, China, the symptoms of patients in Beijing are relatively mild. Older age, more comorbidities, and more abnormal prominent laboratory markers were associated with a severe condition. On the basis of antiviral drugs, it is observed that antibiotics treatment, appropriate dosage of corticosteroid, and gamma globulin therapy significantly improve patients' outcomes. Early identification and timely medical treatment are important to reduce the severity of patients with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/physiopathology , Coronary Disease/physiopathology , Diabetes Mellitus/physiopathology , Hypertension/physiopathology , Kidney Failure, Chronic/physiopathology , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Adult , Age Factors , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , COVID-19/therapy , COVID-19/virology , China , Comorbidity , Coronary Disease/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Disease/therapy , Coronary Disease/virology , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnostic imaging , Diabetes Mellitus/therapy , Diabetes Mellitus/virology , Eosinophils/pathology , Eosinophils/virology , Female , Ferritins/blood , Fever/physiopathology , Hospitalization , Hospitals , Humans , Hypertension/diagnostic imaging , Hypertension/therapy , Hypertension/virology , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous/therapeutic use , Infectious Disease Incubation Period , Kidney Failure, Chronic/diagnostic imaging , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Kidney Failure, Chronic/virology , Leukocyte Count , Lymphocytes/pathology , Lymphocytes/virology , Male , Middle Aged , Neutrophils/pathology , Neutrophils/virology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2/drug effects , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , Severity of Illness Index , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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