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1.
Topics in Antiviral Medicine ; 31(2):146, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2316668

ABSTRACT

Background: Previous studies had demonstrated that patients with hematologic malignancies had suboptimal antibody response after receiving COVID-19 vaccines, especially among those having previously treated with anti- CD20 monoclonal antibodies. Method(s): Adult patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma or chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) were enrolled before receiving the second dose of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine. Determinations of anti-SARS-CoV-2 spike and nucleocapsid IgG titers were performed every 1-3 months, after they received the second and the third dose of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine, respectively. Patients were excluded from analysis if they were diagnosed with COVID-19. All serum samples were tested for anti-nucleocapsid antibody and those tested positive were excluded from subsequent analyses. Result(s): A total of 85 participants were enrolled, including 42 (49.4%) with diffused large B-cell lymphoma, and 13 (15.3) with follicular lymphoma and 9 with CLL. 72 (84.7%) participants had received anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies, with a median interval of 24 months between last anti-CD20 treatment and the second dose of vaccine, and 21 (24.7%) had HIV infection. Factors associated with failure to achieve an anti-spike IgG titer >141 BAU/ mL within 12 weeks after the second dose of vaccine included HIV infection (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 0.14;95% CI, 0.04-0.51), active hematologic disease (aOR, 5.50;95% CI 1.42-21.32), receipt of anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies (aOR, 6.65;95% CI 1.52-29.07), and receipt of two doses of homologous mRNA vaccination (aOR, 0.17;95% CI 0.05-0.56). In the participants having previously treated with anti-CD20 regimen, only 8.6% achieved an antibody response ( >141 BAU/mL) in the first year, while 78.3% achieved anti-spike IgG titer > 141 BAU/mL after two years post B-cell depleting treatment. After the third dose of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine, 53.6% achieved an antispike IgG titer > 141 BAU/mL in the first year post anti-CD20 treatment. Conclusion(s): Our study demonstrated that previous treatment with anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies was associated a lower antibody response among patients with lymphoproliferative disorders receiving two doses of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine. While two doses of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines might not be sufficient even one year apart from the last dose of rituximab, a third dose of vaccine may boost anti-spike IgG particularly in the subset of recent exposure to rituximab. Anti-spike IgG determined 1-3 months after the second (A) / third (B) dose of COVID-19 vaccine, stratified by the interval between last anti-CD20 regimen and the second / third dose of COVID-19 vaccine. (Figure Presented).

2.
2022 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2022 ; : 748-755, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2266556

ABSTRACT

Document recommendation systems have traditionally relied upon high-dimensional vector representations that scale poorly in corpora with diverse vocabularies. Existing graph-based approaches focus on the metadata of documents and, unfortunately, ignore the content of the papers. In this work, we have designed and implemented a new system we call Graggle, which builds a graph to model a corpus. Nodes are papers, and edges represent significant words shared between them. We then leverage modern graph learning techniques to turn this graph into a highly efficient tool for dimensionality reduction. Documents are represented as low-dimensional vector embeddings generated with a graph autoencoder. Our experiments show that this approach outperforms traditional document vector-based and text autoencoding approaches on labeled data. Additionally, we have applied this technique to a repository of unlabeled research documents about the novel coronavirus to demonstrate its effectiveness as a real-world tool. © 2022 IEEE.

3.
Clinical Cancer Research ; 27(6 SUPPL 1), 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1816924

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Patients with thoracic malignancies are susceptible to severe outcomes from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The aim of this study was to evaluate the disruption to care of patients with thoracic malignancies during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: The COVID-19 and Cancer Outcomes Study (CCOS) is a multicenter prospective cohort study comprised of adult patients with a current or past history of hematological malignancy or invasive solid tumor who had an outpatient medical oncology visit on the index week between March 2 and March 6, 2020 at the Tisch Cancer Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York, NY (MSSM) or the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, MA (DFCI). An electronic data capture platform was used to collect patient-, cancer-, and treatment-related variables during the three months prior to the index week (the baseline period) and the following three months (the pandemic period). Two-by-three contingency tables with Fisher's exact tests were computed. All tests were two-tailed and considered statistically significant for p<0.05. All analyses were done in the R statistical environment (v3.6.1). Results: The overall cohort included 2365 patients, of which 313 had thoracic malignancies, 1578 had other solid tumors, and 474 had hematological malignancies. At a median follow-up of 84 days (95% confidence interval, 82-84), 13 patients with thoracic malignancies (4.1%) had developed COVID-19 (vs. other solid: 63 [4.0%] and hematological: 52 [11.0%];p<0.001). When comparing data from the pandemic period to the baseline period, patients with thoracic malignancies had a decrease in the number of in-person outpatient visits (thoracic: 209 [66.8%] vs. other solid: 749 [47.5%] vs. hematological: 260 [54.9%];p<0.001) and an increase in the number of telehealth visits (thoracic: 126 [40.3%] vs. other solid: 465 [29.5%] vs. hematological: 168 [35.4%];p<0.001). During the pandemic period, 33 (10.5%) patients with thoracic malignancies experienced treatment delays due to the pandemic (vs. other solid: 127 [8.0%] and hematological: 79 [16.7%];p<0.001), and 26 (8.3%) patients with thoracic malignancies experienced delays in cancer imaging or diagnostic procedures (vs. other solid: 63 [4.0%] and hematological: 26 [5.5%];p=0.003). Discussion: In this prospective cohort study, patients with thoracic malignancies were not at increased risk of developing COVID-19 compared to patients with other cancers, but experienced significant cancer care disruption during the COVID-19 pandemic with a higher likelihood of decreased in-person visits and increased telehealth visits compared to patients with other malignancies. Focused efforts to ensure continuity of care for this vulnerable patient population are warranted.

4.
CEUR Workshop Proceedings ; 2807, 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1107003

ABSTRACT

Current COVID-19 pandemic and previous SARS/MERS outbreaks have caused a series of major crises to global public health. We must integrate the large and exponentially growing amount of heterogeneous coronavirus data to better understand coronaviruses and associated disease mechanisms, in the interest of developing effective and safe vaccines and drugs. Ontologies have emerged to play an important role in standard knowledge and data representation, integration, sharing, and analysis. We have initiated the development of the community-based Coronavirus Infectious Disease Ontology (CIDO). As an Open Biomedical Ontology (OBO) library ontology, CIDO is an open source and interoperable with other existing OBO ontologies. In this article, the general architecture and the design patterns of the CIDO are introduced, CIDO representation of coronaviruses, phenotypes, anti-coronavirus drugs and medical devices (e.g. ventilators) are illustrated, and an application of CIDO implemented to identify repurposable drug candidates for effective and safe COVID-19 treatment is presented. Copyright © 2020 for this paper by its authors.

5.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 28(2): 107-111, 2020 Feb 20.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-827835

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics of cases of novel coronavirus pneumonia and a preliminary study to explore the relationship between different clinical classification and liver damage. Methods: Consecutively confirmed novel coronavirus infection cases admitted to seven designated hospitals during January 23, 2020 to February 8, 2020 were included. Clinical classification (mild, moderate, severe, and critical) was carried out according to the diagnosis and treatment program of novel coronavirus pneumonia (Trial Fifth Edition) issued by the National Health Commission. The research data were analyzed using SPSS19.0 statistical software. Quantitative data were expressed as median (interquartile range), and qualitative data were expressed as frequency and rate. Results: 32 confirmed cases that met the inclusion criteria were included. 28 cases were of mild or moderate type (87.50%), and four cases (12.50%) of severe or critical type. Four cases (12.5%) were combined with one underlying disease (bronchial asthma, coronary heart disease, malignant tumor, chronic kidney disease), and one case (3.13%) was simultaneously combined with high blood pressure and malignant tumor. The results of laboratory examination showed that the alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), albumin (ALB), and total bilirubin (TBil) for entire cohort were 26.98 (16.88 ~ 46.09) U/L and 24.75 (18.71 ~ 31.79) U/L, 39.00 (36.20 ~ 44.20) g/L and 16.40 (11.34 ~ 21.15) µmol/L, respectively. ALT, AST, ALB and TBil of the mild or moderate subgroups were 22.75 (16.31 ~ 37.25) U/L, 23.63 (18.71 ~ 26.50) U/L, 39.70 (36.50 ~ 46.10) g/L, and 15.95 (11.34 ~ 20.83) µmol/L, respectively. ALT, AST, ALB and TBil of the severe or critical subgroups were 60.25 (40.88 ~ 68.90) U/L, 37.00 (20.88 ~ 64.45) U/L, 35.75 (28.68 ~ 42.00) g/L, and 20.50 (11.28 ~ 25.00) µmol/L, respectively. Conclusion: The results of this multicenter retrospective study suggests that novel coronavirus pneumonia combined with liver damage is more likely to be caused by adverse drug reactions and systemic inflammation in severe patients receiving medical treatment. Therefore, liver function monitoring and evaluation should be strengthened during the treatment of such patients.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Alanine Transaminase , Aspartate Aminotransferases , COVID-19 , Humans , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(4): 269-274, 2020 Apr 02.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-3049

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological history, clinical manifestations, treatment and the short-term prognosis of 31 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection in children from six provinces (autonomous region) in northern China. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the epidemiological history, clinical symptoms, signs, laboratory examinations, chest imaging, treatment and the short-term prognosis of 31 cases of 2019-nCoV was conducted. The patients were diagnosed between January 25th, 2020 and February 21st, 2020 in 21 hospitals in 17 cities of six provinces (autonomous region) of Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Hebei, Henan and Shandong. Results: The age of the 31 children with 2019-nCoV infection was 7 years and 1 month (6 months-17 years). Nine cases (29%) were imported cases. Other 21 cases (68%) had contact with confirmed infected adults. One case (3%) had contact with asymptomatic returnees from Wuhan. Among the 31 children, 28 patients (90%) were family cluster cases. The clinical types were asymptomatic type in 4 cases (13%), mild type in 13 cases (42%), and common type in 14 cases (45%). No severe or critical type existed. The most common symptom was fever (n=20, 65%), including 1 case of high fever, 9 cases of moderate fever, 10 cases of low fever. Fever lasted from 1 day to 9 days. The fever of fifteen cases lasted for ≤3 d, while in other 5 cases lasted >3 d. Other symptoms included cough (n=14, 45%), fatigue (n=3, 10%) and diarrhea (n=3, 10%). Pharyngalgia, runny nose, dizziness, headache and vomiting were rare. In the early stage, the total leukocytes count in peripheral blood decreased in 2 cases (6%), the lymphocytes count decreased in 2 cases (6%), and the platelet count increased in 2 cases (6%).Elevation of C-reactive protein (10%, 3/30), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (19%, 4/21), procalcitonin (4%,1/28), liver enzyme (22%, 6/27) and muscle enzyme (15%, 4/27) occurred in different proportions. Renal function and blood glucose were normal. There were abnormal chest CT changes in 14 cases, including 9 cases with patchy ground glass opacities and nodules, mostly located in the lower lobe of both lungs near the pleural area. After receiving supportive treatment, the viral nucleic acid turned negative in 25 cases within 7-23 days. Among them, 24 children (77%) recovered and were discharged from hospital. No death occurred. Conclusions: In this case series, 2019-nCoV infection in children from six provinces (autonomous region) in northern China are mainly caused by close family contact. Clinical types are asymptomatic, mild and common types. Clinical manifestations and laboratory examination results are nonspecific. Close contact history of epidemiology, nucleic acid detection and chest imaging are important bases for diagnosis of 2019-nCoV infection. After general treatment, the short-term prognosis is good.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/physiopathology , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/physiopathology , Adolescent , Asymptomatic Infections , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Fever/virology , Humans , Infant , Pandemics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
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