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Rehabil Psychol ; 68(1): 1-11, 2023 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2278478


PURPOSE: Few studies have examined the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the lives of people with spinal cord injury (SCI), a population uniquely vulnerable to pandemic-related stressors. This study examines the impact of the pandemic on three life domains (psychosocial health, health and health behavior, and social participation) and identifies risk factors for adverse psychosocial health impacts in a sample of people with SCI. METHOD: A diverse sample of 346 adults with SCI completed a survey assessing demographic, disability, health, and social characteristics, and perceived impacts of the pandemic. RESULTS: Many respondents reported no change on items reflecting psychosocial health, health and health behavior, and social participation; however, among those reporting change, more reported negative than positive impacts. Negative impacts were most striking with regard to psychosocial health and social engagement, with approximately half reporting a worsening of stress, depression, anxiety, and loneliness and a reduction in face-to-face interactions and participation in life roles. Regression analyses revealed that those at greater risk of adverse psychosocial impacts were women, were non-Black, were in poorer health, had greater unmet care needs, and were less satisfied with their social roles and activities. CONCLUSIONS: Although not universal, negative impacts were reported by many respondents 9-15 months into the pandemic. Future research should examine the impacts of the pandemic over time and on a wider range of outcomes. Such research could generate substantial benefits in understanding, preventing, or minimizing the adverse effects of the evolving pandemic and future public health emergencies in people with SCI. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved).

COVID-19 , Spinal Cord Injuries , Adult , Humans , Female , Male , Pandemics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Anxiety/epidemiology , Spinal Cord Injuries/psychology
Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol ; : 1-7, 2023 Jan 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2187644


PURPOSE: Mobile health (mHealth) technology has increased dramatically in the wake of the pandemic. Less research has focused on people with mobility impairing (PMI) disabilities. This study determined the prevalence of mHealth use among PMI adults during the COVID-19 escalation and examines demographic, health and COVID-19 concerns correlates. METHODS: PMI adults (N = 304) completed an online survey investigating mHealth use and COVID-19 concerns related to food access in June of 2020. Smartphone and mHealth use were measured with an adapted version of the survey used in the Pew Internet & American Life project. Descriptive and multivariable analyses were conducted to determine associations of demographics, health status, and COVID-19 concerns with mHealth use. About two-thirds (N = 201) of the sample were mHealth users (owned a smartphone and engaged in health-promoting behaviors with the smartphone; e.g., sought online information, tracked health behaviors, used patient portals). RESULTS: Having hypertension was associated with higher mHealth use, and having higher COVID-19 concerns about food access was associated with higher mHealth use. Those who used mHealth were also more engaged with smartphone apps for communication, services, and entertainment. Only the association between educational attainment and mHealth use remained significant after adjusting for other covariates in multivariable logistic regression models. DISCUSSION: PMIs continue to need support in the use of mHealth technology to help maximize access to potentially important tools for rehabilitation and health management. There is a need to continue to investigate mHealth and its applications for people with disabilities.Implications for RehabilitationMany people with mobility impairing disabilities may be missing opportunities for mHealth rehabilitation and healthcare.COVID-19 has widened existing gaps in access and use of mHealth technology among people with mobility impairing disabilities.Focused education is needed to help people with disabilities exploit the full range of services of their smartphones to increase access to care, social connectivity, and other important goods and services to enhance rehabilitation and health management.