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1.
Intelligent Automation and Soft Computing ; 35(3):2941-2962, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2030635

ABSTRACT

The gender recognition problem has attracted the attention of the computer vision community due to its importance in many applications (e.g., sur-veillance and human–computer interaction [HCI]). Images of varying levels of illumination, occlusion, and other factors are captured in uncontrolled environ-ments. Iris and facial recognition technology cannot be used on these images because iris texture is unclear in these instances, and faces may be covered by a scarf, hijab, or mask due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The periocular region is a reliable source of information because it features rich discriminative biometric features. However, most existing gender classification approaches have been designed based on hand-engineered features or validated in controlled environ-ments. Motivated by the superior performance of deep learning, we proposed a new method, PeriGender, inspired by the design principles of the ResNet and DenseNet models, that can classify gender using features from the periocular region. The proposed system utilizes a dense concept in a residual model. Through skip connections, it reuses features on different scales to strengthen discriminative features. Evaluations of the proposed system on challenging datasets indicated that it outperformed state-of-the-art methods. It achieved 87.37%, 94.90%, 94.14%, 99.14%, and 95.17% accuracy on the GROUPS, UFPR-Periocular, Ethnic-Ocular, IMP, and UBIPr datasets, respectively, in the open-world (OW) protocol. It further achieved 97.57% and 93.20% accuracy for adult periocular images from the GROUPS dataset in the closed-world (CW) and OW protocols, respectively. The results showed that the middle region between the eyes plays a crucial role in the recognition of masculine features, and feminine features can be identified through the eyebrow, upper eyelids, and corners of the eyes. Furthermore, using a whole region without cropping enhances PeriGender’s learning capability, improving its understanding of both eyes’ global structure without discontinuity. © 2023, Tech Science Press. All rights reserved.

2.
Journal of Advanced Biotechnology and Experimental Therapeutics ; 5(3):445-455, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2025149

ABSTRACT

Compared to other pandemic diseases, COVID-19 had the highest transmission rate and high fatality risk. Diabetes is the hand was also one of the most frequent diseases among individuals. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between diabetic patients infected by COVID-19 and some hematological parameters associated with diabetes and COVID-19.ICLE Patients with COVID-19 were diagnosed by PCR and/or chest computer topography (CT) scan, eight parameters were detected by AFIAS-6. The results of eight parameters for patients with diabetes mellitus infected with COVID-19 and patients with COVID-19 only showed that the Mean of Fasting Blood Glucose (FBG), glycated haemoglobin HbA1c, Insulin Sensitivity (INS) and ferritin show significant differences at (0.000, 0.000, 0.017, 0.000) respectively for the two groups, while insulin resistance (INR), insulin (IN), C-reactive protein (CRP) and D-dimer don’t show any significant differences for two groups, the statistical analysis performed at P-value ≤ 0.01 and 0.05. Infection duration results showed that the mean Insulin level (IN) and D-dimer show significant differences at (0.033 and 0.011) respectively for all infection duration categories, while FBG, HbA1c, INR, INS, CRP, and ferritin don’t show any significant differences for all day’s category. The Correlation Coefficients Between diabetes mellitus patients infected with COVID-19 and blood parameters highly correlated between FBG with INR at (0.647), HbA1c with IN at (0.078), INR with IN at (0.791), INS with CT-Scan at (0.058), CRP with D-dimer at (0.287), D-dimer with ferritin at (0.331), Ferritin with infection duration at (0.098). In conclusion, we find that the diabetes mellitus patients infected with COVID-19 suffer from a high increase of inflammatory proteins and parameters associated with diabetes compared to other patients infected with COVID-19 only, making them more susceptible to disease and more deaths compared to other people. © 2022, Bangladesh Society for Microbiology, Immunology and Advanced Biotechnology. All rights reserved.

3.
PLoS ONE [Electronic Resource] ; 17(8):e0270900, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2021858

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 pandemic has badly affected the world with its devastating effects, including Sindh, Pakistan. A massive vaccination campaign against COVID-19 is considered one of the effective ways to curtail the spread of the disease. However, the acceptability of the COVID-19 vaccine is based on the general population's knowledge, attitude, perception and willingness for vaccination. Therefore, a survey among the public in Sindh, Pakistan, was done to evaluate their knowledge, attitude, perception and willingness to accept COVID-19 vaccination. METHOD: The online survey was conducted among the residents of Sindh, Pakistan, in July 2021 through a survey tool designed using Google Forms and sent to the population through various social media. RESULTS: Of 926 study participants, 59.0% were male, and 68.6% were aged between 18 and 31 years. Higher percentages of responses were recorded from the Hyderabad division (37.5%), and 60.0% of respondents were graduates, with 34.8% of them in the private sector. The results showed that 36.4% of respondents had good knowledge, and 30.3% had a positive attitude toward COVID-19 vaccination. Almost 77% of respondents perceived that everyone should get vaccinated in the country and those health care workers on priority. A majority (80.8%) of respondents were willing to accept COVID-19 vaccination. CONCLUSION: Despite having insufficient knowledge and a low percentage of positive attitude public in Sindh are willing to be vaccinated. Based on this finding, more effort has to be done to promote vaccination among the public, especially among the less educated population.

4.
Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2000975

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infection caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) that produces respiratory symptoms and has serious consequences for people's cardiovascular systems (CVS). It is a severe issue and a major task not only for health care experts but also for governments to contain this pandemic. SARS-CoV-2 is the seventh member of the human coronavirus family to be implicated in this zoonotic outbreak. COVID-19's CV interactions are comparable to those of SARS-CoV, Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV), and influenza. Those who have COVID-19 and underlying cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are at a higher risk of serious illness and mortality, and disease has been linked to several direct and indirect CV consequences. COVID-19 causes CVDs such as arrhythmias, cardiac arrest, cardiogenic shock, myocarditis, stress-cardiomyopathy, and acute myocardial damage (AMD) as a consequence of acute coronary syndrome. The provision of CV care may expose health care professionals to risk as they become hosts or vectors of viral transmission. It binds to the angiotensin-converting enzyme receptor, causing constitutional and pulmonary signs in the beginning, and then as the infection advances, it affects other organs such as the gastrointestinal tract, CVS, neurological system, and so on. COVID-19 mortality is increased by underlying CVDs comorbidities.

5.
Hepatology International ; 16:S133-S134, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1995886

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Elimination of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) require continuous interventions. This study aimed to assess the response and impact of COVID-19 on Hepatitis prevention and treatment in Japan. This international joint research was conducted by three research groups of Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) in Japan with The Task Force for Global Health and in cooperation with Japan Society of Hepatology (JSH). Materials and Methods: We have conducted this cross-sectional study by questionnaire survey both in Japanese and English language on online Microsoft forms platform from 24 August to 03 October 2021. The questionnaire was designed to address the impact of COVID-19 on hepatitis treatment, testing, screening;mitigation strategies;response to COVID-19;and perceived benefits of COVID-19. Results: Total 196 medical doctors have participated from 35 prefectures among them 49.5% are in administrative positions. 55.6% of participants responded about no interruption while 11.7% reported supply chain disruptions during the survey period. 1-25% decrease in HBV screening, testing was reported by 38.8% and 43.9% participants, respectively. Decease of 1-25% in HCV screening, testing and were reported by 39.8% and 43.4% participants, respectively. However, no decline to initiate HBV and HCV treatment was reported by 53.6% and 45.4%, respectively. But extend of hospital visits was reported by 65.3%. The survey response illustrated the decrease in patients' imaging (65.8%), lab testing (68.4%), HCC screening (55.1%), gastrointestinal endoscopy (87.2%), and liver biopsy (43.4%). Patient anxiety and fear (67.4%), loss of staff to COVID-19 response (49.0%), and limited availability of staff (46.4%) are responded as challenges to resume services to pre-COVID-19 level. Conclusion: A greater decrease has been noticed in HBV and HCV testing, screening, and other associated liver diseases than treatment initiation in Japan. However, anxiety and fear of patients, lack of staff and facilities are major challenges to overcome such situation.

6.
Journal of General Internal Medicine ; 37:S438-S439, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1995585

ABSTRACT

CASE: A 83-year-old male with a history of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, and coronary artery disease presented with four days of worsening myalgias, subjective fevers, and abdominal distention. He had no history of abdominal surgery, sick contacts or medication changes. He had a temperature of 99.2°F, a heart rate of 80 beats per minute, a respiratory rate of 18 breaths per minute, a blood pressure of 105/80 mmHg, and an oxygen saturation of 96% on room air. On examination, the abdomen was distended but without tenderness or guarding. Abdomen Computed Tomography (CT) scan revealed pancolonic severe gaseous dilatation with no transition point. COVID 19 polymerase chain reaction was noted to be positive, along with an elevated D-dimer of 2.58, ESR of 60 mm/h and CRP 40 mg/l;otherwise the laboratory workup including a respiratory and gastrointestinal panel, blood and sputum culture were negative. Following multidisciplinary and shared decisionmaking, a rectal tube was placed and the patient was given neostigmine with resolution of symptoms and subsequent radiographic demonstration of improvement in the colonic distention within 48 hours. Unfortunately, the patient suffered a cardiac arrest on day 5 of his hospitalization and per the family's request, aggressive treatment was aborted in favor of comfort measures. IMPACT/DISCUSSION: While COVID-19 is primarily an airborne infection, widespread expression of its receptor, Angiotensin Converting Enzyme type 2 (ACE2), throughout the gastrointestinal (GI) tract causes GI tract-related clinical symptoms in the absence of respiratory symptoms, leading to a delay in COVID-19 infection diagnosis. While anorexia (50.2%) and diarrhea (49.5%) are the most common gastrointestinal symptoms of COVID 19, our patient presented with abdominal discomfort (2%). Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction or Ogilvie syndrome is a functional disorder characterized by profound dilatation of the colon without a true mechanical obstruction. An association between certain viral infections (Herpes) and intestinal pseudo-obstruction has been demonstrated previously. The mechanism of such a development is hypothesized to be due to the viral invasion of the myenteric plexus. Similarly, COVID-19 has demonstrated neurotropic potential leading to the development of Ogilvie syndrome. Treatment modalities available for the treatment include bowel rest, nasogastric and rectal tube placement, electrolyte correction, neostigmine and possible endoscopic/surgical intervention with a preferably good prognosis. CONCLUSION: 1. The full range of effects of the COVID 19 virus are yet to be discovered. Loss of parasympathetic spinal control of bowel motility may be one possible manifestation of this disease. 2. Gastrointestinal sequelae of COVID 19 respond well to conservative management and should warrant a low threshold for the investigation and implementation of such treatment.

7.
4th International Conference on Innovative Computing (ICIC) ; : 397-403, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1985463

ABSTRACT

The educational system in Pakistan relies on traditional methods of learning. Notably, only few institutions are prioritizing technological advancements and its implementation in education system. However, majority of the institutions adhere to conventional methods and ignoring its negative impacts. A sudden outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic is challenging for everyone. Specifically, the fear of pandemic particularly affected those students who were indulged in physical classes. This study presents a comprehensive analysis of already available studies discussing the challenges and role of Information Technology (IT) in the educational domain. The study mainly incorporated an online questionnaire-based survey among 400 university-going students of Punjab, Pakistan. Additionally, the study highlights the key challenges and essential IT platforms that helped students continue their education. Moreover, we analyzed the incorporated constructs with the assistance of using SPSS and AMOS. Besides, our results confirm that Information Technology (IT) played an essential role in students' lives in their education. Our research shows that the role of IT in our education system is highly essential to be implemented. Although there are innumerable challenges, yet IT has core importance in the education sector during the pandemic. Moreover, the research intends to safeguard the education budget for better learning outcomes in Pakistan Punjab's educational level COVID-19 pandemic. Institutions and students are encouraged to adopt IT, seeing its inevitable role in education.

9.
Infez Med ; 30(2): 223-230, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1980043

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 patients may experience varying degrees of symptom severity, significantly impacting the health-related quality of life. As a result, the current study examines the impact of symptom severity on health-related quality of life among Saudi adult COVID- 19 patients. In this cross-sectional study 310 adult COVID-19 patients were recruited through a snowball technique in Saudi Arabia. We used a questionnaire (SF-12 RAND tool questionnaire) that included three parts: sociodemographic factors, perception of degree severity of COVID-19 symptoms, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Out of 310 COVID-19 adult patients, 200 (64.5%) were female, 110 (35.5%) were between 30-49 years old. The mean scores of the HRQoL, physical components summary (PCS), and mental components summary (MCS) were 58.11±17.02, 71.32±23.72, and 44.91±17.94, respectively. Patients with very severe symptoms had the lowest HRQoL mean rank (120.39, P=0.023). There was a strong positive correlation between HRQoL and PCS (0.852) and HRQoL and MCS (0.730). However, PCS and MCS had a weak positive correlation (0.292). The severity of COVID-19 symptoms had a significant impact on HRQoL. Thus, it is essential to enhance the uptake of vaccines to decrease the risk of infections and avoid impact on quality of life.

10.
BMJ Leader ; 5:A28, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1968367

ABSTRACT

Aim NICE COVID-19 guidelines NG191 recognise that frailer patients, including those with a higher Rockwood Clinical Frailty Scale1 (CFS), are seldom improved by hospital admission. The project used a collaborative approach to undertake frailty reviews, aiming to reduce inappropriate hospital admissions. The reviews included discussing residents' preferred place of care and options in the event of deterioration, a Treatment Escalation Plan (TEP). Method A collaborative was formed between care home managers, pharmacists and geriatricians to review frailty factors in residents over 65 years, excluding those with Learning Disabilities. Care homes with high risk of COVID-19 were prioritised. A Standard Operational Procedure was approved within one month. Using existing resources only, the project was delivered over 3 months. Communication was sent to GP practices, care homes and residents/families and consent was obtained. Templates were developed and education delivered. Results Review outcomes were recorded electronically onto the GP clinical system. Care homes kept a copy and informed residents/ families of the outcome. 595 residents were reviewed in 21 care homes. Preliminary analysis for 71 residents reviewed May 2020 to April 2021 show: • 42 survivors, 33 with severe frailty (CFS 7-9), 9 not severely frail (CFS<7). Out of total 28 residents with TEP indicating avoidance of hospital admission, 23 were not admitted and 5 had single hospital admission. 14 residents TEP included hospital management of whom 7 were admitted. • 26 of the 29 deceased residents were severely frail. 96% died in their preferred place of death. Conclusion Clinical leadership demonstrated courage and capacity to challenge the status quo, improve organisational processes and innovate practice. This helped staff morale at a difficult time of immense pressure and positively enhanced care homes' profile and residents' experience.

11.
International Journal of Hospitality Management ; 106, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1930879

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This paper aims to empirically assess the impact of Dynamic Capabilities (DC) on the agility and resilience of hotel Supply Chains (SCs) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Design/methodology/approach: We adopted a covariance-based structural equation modeling (CB-SEM) approach. Survey data from 268 respondents of various hotels in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was collected by operationalizing the theoretical constructs using established scales. Findings: Results showed complete mediation of SC agility for the relationship between seizing, transformation, and resilience. We did not find any support for the mediation of SC agility for the relationship between sensing and resilience. Besides, the moderation of Digital Orientation (DO) for the relationship between SC agility and resilience is also an interesting fining. Research limitations/implications: The primary limitation of our study is that it utilizes cross-sectional data from a single geographic location, and the data was collected at the peak of the pandemic. Practical implications: The empirical support for the generic DCs process's relationship with the adaptive response of hotels during the Covid-19 pandemic underscores the importance of developing organization-wide sensing, seizing, and transformation capabilities Originality/value: The proposed model responds to the recent literature that suggests that a direct measurement of sensing, seizing, and transforming would give a complete picture of how generic DC processes shape the organizational responses to market uncertainties. Also, our conceptualization that SC agility is a necessary intervening step between the DCs sensing seizing and transforming processes and firm resilience is a novel contribution to the literature. © 2022 Elsevier Ltd

12.
7th EAI International Conference on Science and Technologies for Smart Cities, SmartCity360° 2021 ; 442 LNICST:583-601, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1930338

ABSTRACT

Videoconferencing applications have seen a jump in their userbase owing to the COVID-19 pandemic. The security of these applications has certainly been a hot topic since millions of VoIP users’ data is involved. However, research pertaining to VoIP forensics is still limited to Skype and Zoom. This paper presents a detailed forensic analysis of Microsoft Teams, one of the top 3 videoconferencing applications, in the areas of memory, disk-space and network forensics. Extracted artifacts include critical user data, such as emails, user account information, profile photos, exchanged (including deleted) messages, exchanged text/media files, timestamps and Advanced Encryption Standard encryption keys. The encrypted network traffic is investigated to reconstruct client-server connections involved in a Microsoft Teams meeting with IP addresses, timestamps and digital certificates. The conducted analysis demonstrates that, with strong security mechanisms in place, user data can still be extracted from a client’s desktop. The artifacts also serve as digital evidence in the court of Law, in addition to providing forensic analysts a reference for cases involving Microsoft Teams. © 2022, ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering.

13.
Corrosion Management ; - (165):31-33, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1929340
14.
Infect Drug Resist ; 15: 3477-3489, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1928355

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a rapidly spreading infection that is on the rise. New variants are continuously appearing with variable degrees of lethality and infectivity. The extensive work since the start of the pandemic has led to the evolution of COVID-19 vaccines with varying mechanisms. We aim to determine real-world data by looking at the different clinical outcomes associated with COVID-19 vaccination, focusing on the rate of hospitalization, severity, and mortality. Methodology: A retrospective observational study included 624 patients with COVID-19 infection who were hospitalized at King Fahad Hospital of the University and King Fahad Military Medical City between April and July 2021. The cohort was divided into 3 groups: unvaccinated, partially vaccinated (PV), and fully vaccinated (FV). The severity and outcome of COVID-19 disease were compared among the three groups. Among the vaccinated group, we studied the effect of vaccine type on the severity and outcome of COVID-19 disease. Results: We found that 70.4% of patients with COVID-19 disease who required hospitalization were unvaccinated. Un-vaccination was a significant predictor of critical COVID-19 disease (OR 2.31; P <0.001), whereas full vaccination was associated with significantly milder disease severity (OR 0.36; P 0.01). Moreover, un-vaccination status was an independent predictor of longer hospitalization (OR 3.0; P <0.001), a higher requirement for ICU admission (OR 4.7; P <0.001), mechanical ventilation (OR 3.6; P <0.001), and death (OR 4.8; P <0.001), whereas the FV group had a lower risk of ICU admission (OR 0.49; P 0.045). Unvaccinated patients with comorbidities had worse severity and outcome of COVID-19 infection (P<0.05). Both vaccine types (Pfizer and AstraZeneca) had similar protective effects against the worst outcomes of COVID-19 disease. Conclusion: COVID-19 vaccination has been shown to be effective in reducing hospitalization, the severity of COVID-19 infection, and improving outcomes, especially in high-risk group patients. COVID-19 vaccination programs should continue to improve the outcome of such a disease.

15.
Medical Forum Monthly ; 33(3):132-136, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1913035

ABSTRACT

Objective: To find out perception of medical students and scope versus limitations of online teaching in field of medical education during the course of Covid-19 pandemic when schools, colleges and universities were shut down in emergency and online teaching was initiated with intention to fill the stopgap with little to no preparation, inadequate resources and scarce training of teachers Study Design: Observational study Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the different medical colleges of southern Punjab from January 2021 to December 2021 for a period of one year. Materials and Methods: Self designed online questionnaire was circulated among medical students of south Punjab. Response of students was collected, recorded and analyzed for. Results: Number of total participants was 485. Satisfaction level of students was not optimum being less than 35%. Ground reasons behind were deficiency in pertinent resources and materials, technical problems, lack of favorable home environment for online learning, non-availability of internet facilities to most of students living in remote areas. 68.5 % students rebuffed continuation of online classes with main reason of being unable to learn without one to one classes and to maintain daily routine. Conclusion: Online teaching is a big challenge for education department especially in highly specialized field of medical education and might lower not the standard of education but also skills and competency of front line soldiers of future. There is utmost need for strategic planning to uplift our online medical education system to strengthen, secure and accomplish our health care system.

16.
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED AND APPLIED SCIENCES ; 9(1):34-40, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1912515

ABSTRACT

After the COVID-19 outbreak, Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Education transformed the education system from traditional learning to distance learning (DL). The aim of this study is to share the Saudi experience including plans, policies, and programs regarding the use of DL for students at various levels of education. This is the pioneer study from Saudi Arabia, which evaluates DL impact on special students and provides recommendations for such students regarding DL. The Saudi Ministry of Education released one of the most powerful and diverse electronic systems with fully interactive technology options through the following platforms: Madrasati School, the IEN National Education Portal, IEN educational television, and virtual kindergarten. The same platforms are accessible for students with disabilities and we have found that such students can equally benefit from them with some modifications. These modifications are on the individual needs of special students. This article presents the details of various tools and programs available for DL to students in Saudi Arabia. Furthermore, we have analyzed the suitability of these programs for special students in our discussion. Finally, we have made our recommendation and provided future directions to improve the DL experience for students with disabilities. (C) 2021 The Authors. Published by IASE.

17.
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice ; 186, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1894938

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in national international implementation of changes to the daily life of individuals. These changes included lockdown and social distancing. During COVID-19 pandemic. During COVID-19,doctors and nurses and other allied healthcare professionals were redeployed to the front line to manage patients presenting with COVID-19 in acute setting. Healthcare providers from different institutions had to adapt to the way of supporting and managing patients with different chronic conditions including diabetes. The implementation of lockdown affected diabetes care (Bonora et al 2020). COVID-19 pandemic enabled healthcare professionals to apply innovation including telemedicine/telephone clinics to manage diabetes patients and other patients needing outpatient follow up. Aim: To assess the effect of lockdown on diabetes control among diabetes patients in East London-Single centre experience. Method: Retrospective cohort study identified patients who were reviewed in the diabetes clinic before and after the pandemic and the A1C levels before December 2019 and in 2021.The data was obtained from clinic letters and clinic notes Demographic data were obtained including type of diabetes mellitus, gender, age. Outcomes assessed were change in HbA1C (worsening or improvement), if the patients had diabetes review during the pandemic (telemedicine) and whether HbA1C blood tests were done. Results: In total the results of HbA1C of 101 patients were identified.46 were females, 55 were males. The patients were aged between 17-to 89 years, mean age 56 years. There was improvement in HbA1c in 26 patients (26%) (despite pandemic and lockdown), and there was deterioration of HbA1c in (74 patient) 74% of all patients. 34 (34%) Patients were type 1 diabetes 61 patients (60%) were type 2 diabetes. 6 patients (6%) were Late Onset Diabetes of Adults (LADA). Discussion: In UK the first lockdown measure prevented spread of prevent spread of COVID-19 was introduced in March 2020.This resulted in disruption of patient‘s care especially those with chronic condition including diabetes. The worsening of diabetes control in these patients is explained by lack of exercise, weight gain and poor diet (Pal et al 2020) and probably poor compliance (Ghosal et al 2020). The patients in this study reported anxiety and stress due uncertainty of COVID-19 pandemic and probably this contributed to worsening HbA1C. HbA1C in 74% of patients in this study deteriorated compared to 26% whose diabetes control improved. COVID-19 pandemic has helped healthcare professional to be more flexible and innovative in managing patients with diabetes and other chronic conditions (Monaghesh,E, Hajizadeh, A 2020).

18.
International Journal of Emerging Markets ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1891327

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Big data analytics capabilities are the driving force and deemed as an operational excellence approach to improving the green supply chain performance in the post COVID-19 situation. Motivated by the COVID-19 epidemic and the problems it poses to the supply chain's long-term viability, this study used dynamic capabilities theory as a foundation to assess the imperative role of big data analytics capabilities (management, talent and technological) toward green supply chain performance. Design/methodology/approach: This study was quantitative and cross-sectional. Data were collected from 374 executives through a survey questionnaire method by applying an appropriate random sampling technique. The authors employed PLS-SEM to analyze the data. Findings: The findings revealed that big data analytics capabilities play a significant role in boosting up sustainable supply chain performance. It was found that big data analytics capabilities significantly contributed to supply chain risk management and innovative green product development that ultimately enhanced innovation and learning performance. Moreover, innovation and green learning performance has a significant and positive relationship with sustainable supply chain performance. In the post COVID-19 situation, organizations can enhance their sustainable supply chain performance by giving extra attention to big data analytics capabilities and supply chain risk and innovativeness. Originality/value: The paper specifically emphasizes on the factors that result in the sustainability in supply chain integrated with the big data analytics. Additionally, it offers the boundary condition for gaining the sustainable supply chain management. © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited.

19.
Le infezioni in medicina ; 30(2):223-230, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1887550

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY COVID-19 patients may experience varying degrees of symptom severity, significantly impacting the health-related quality of life. As a result, the current study examines the impact of symptom severity on health-related quality of life among Saudi adult COVID- 19 patients. In this cross-sectional study 310 adult COVID-19 patients were recruited through a snowball technique in Saudi Arabia. We used a questionnaire (SF-12 RAND tool questionnaire) that included three parts: sociodemographic factors, perception of degree severity of COVID-19 symptoms, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Out of 310 COVID-19 adult patients, 200 (64.5%) were female, 110 (35.5%) were between 30–49 years old. The mean scores of the HRQoL, physical components summary (PCS), and mental components summary (MCS) were 58.11±17.02, 71.32±23.72, and 44.91±17.94, respectively. Patients with very severe symptoms had the lowest HRQoL mean rank (120.39, P=0.023). There was a strong positive correlation between HRQoL and PCS (0.852) and HRQoL and MCS (0.730). However, PCS and MCS had a weak positive correlation (0.292). The severity of COVID-19 symptoms had a significant impact on HRQoL. Thus, it is essential to enhance the uptake of vaccines to decrease the risk of infections and avoid impact on quality of life.

20.
Journal International Medical Sciences Academy ; 34(4):322-325, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1880131

ABSTRACT

A 25-year-old female presented to our institute with complaints of dark urine nausea and abdominal pain. Further evaluation revealed abnormal liver function tests. Imaging studies revealed that the patient was suffering from acute hepatitis and acalculous cholecystitis. The patient also gave history that she had recovered from Covid 19 infection a month back. On Further testing she was found to have a positive EBV serology result and a reactive IgG for Cytomegalovirus. Liver biopsy was suggestive of Acute hepatitis with feature of submissive hepatic necrosis. The authors believe that this is one of the first reported cases of acute hepatitis & acalculous cholecystitis presenting as a sequela of Covid 19 or activation of cytomegalovirus or EBV hepatitis. Clinicians should be aware in this era of COVID-19 infection that acute icteric hepatitis may be the virus-related manifestation after the resolution of initial pulmonary symptoms or may precipitate underlying quiescent disease.

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