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ASAIO J ; 2022 Sep 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2051667


Patients with severe refractory hypoxemic respiratory failure may benefit from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for salvage therapy. The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic offered three high-volume independent ECMO programs at a large medical center the chance to collaborate to optimize ECMO care at the beginning of the pandemic in Spring 2020. Between March 15, 2020, and May 30, 2020, 3,615 inpatients with COVID-19 were treated at the Texas Medical Center. During this time, 35 COVID-19 patients were cannulated for ECMO, all but one in a veno-venous configuration. At hospital discharge, 23 (66%) of the 35 patients were alive. Twelve patients died of vasodilatory shock (n = 9), intracranial hemorrhage (n = 2), and cannulation-related bleeding and multiorgan dysfunction (n = 1). The average duration of ECMO was 13.6 days in survivors and 25.0 days in nonsurvivors (p < 0.04). At 1 year follow-up, all 23 discharged patients were still alive, making the 1 year survival rate 66% (23/35). At 2 years follow-up, the overall rate of survival was 63% (22/35). Of those patients who survived 2 years, all were at home and alive and well at follow-up.

Perfusion ; 36(4): 358-364, 2021 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-945126


The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has required rapid and effective protocol adjustments at every level of healthcare. The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is pivotal to COVID-19 treatment in cases of refractory hypoxemic hypercapnic respiratory failure. As such, our large, metropolitan air ambulance system in conjunction with our experts in advanced cardiopulmonary therapies modified protocols to assist peripheral hospitals in evaluation, cannulation and initiation of ECMO for rescue and air transportation of patients with COVID-19 to our quaternary center. The detailed protocol is described alongside initial data of its use. To date, 14 patients have been placed on ECMO support at an outside facility and successfully transported via helicopter to our hub hospital using this protocol.

Air Ambulances , COVID-19/therapy , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Transportation of Patients , Adult , Critical Care/methods , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/methods , Female , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Male , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Transportation of Patients/methods