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1.
Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences ; 10:217-221, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2066680

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The first data for COVID-19 in pregnancy showed mild-to-moderate forms of the disease while the current data speak of severe forms in these subjects. Here, we present a case of a severe form of COVID-19 in a gemelar pregnant woman complicated with pneumomediastinum and pneumothorax, during her hospital stay, in a late stage of disease. CASE PRESENTATION: A 38-year-old multiparous woman was referred to university hospital at 25 weeks of gemelar pregnancy. On admission, the patient presented with signs of moderate respiratory insufficiency, which after 12 h progressed further to severe ARDS. She tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 on quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Under these conditions, it was decided that the patient undergoes a cesarean section for termination of pregnancy. Remdesivir 200 mg/day and tocilizumab 8 mg/kg were administered, based on national guidelines. The patient’s fever subsided, but her SpO2 remained at 94%, even with a 15 L/min oxygen mask. After 12 days, the patient complains of a severe back pain and her respiratory condition rapidly worsened and reduced saturations up to 80% being under O2 therapy with facial mask with 15 l/min. Chest CT findings confirmed pneumomediastinum and pneumothorax, which deteriorated the patient’s status. Thereafter, tube thoracostomy was performed. There was a clinical and ABG analysis parameter’s improvement. The patient was discharged 34 days after cesarean delivery with a proper general health. CONCLUSION: Our case highlights even more convincingly the fact that, in pregnancy, can be severe to life-threating forms of COVID-19. Pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum are complications that can be encountered even in the late stages of severe forms cases with COVID-19 in pregnancy. Early diagnosis of these complications is essential in adequate management and treatment to avoid fatal outcome.

2.
Open Forum Infectious Diseases ; 7(SUPPL 1):S254, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1185735

ABSTRACT

Background: The first case of COVID-19 was admitted on March 15th 2020 to our community based hospital in the Bronx, NY. The aim of this study is to describe the clinical characteristics and outcome of these first COVID-19 patients. Patient Characteristics and Outcome Methods: IRB approved retrospective chart review study of all COVID-19 patients admitted during March 2020 focusing on patient characteristics, co-morbidities, clinical manifestations and outcome. Results: A total of 177 patients were admitted during March 2020: 57% African American 23.1% Hispanic and 16.9% White. 44.9% female, average age 60 years, and 90% had at least one comorbidity. Outcome was available on all patients except for one who was transferred to another institution for ECMO. Overall mortality was 33%. Clinical presentation: 69.4% presented with cough or shortness of breath, 15.8% with diarrhea, nausea, vomiting or abdominal pain, and 14.6% with myalgia, dizziness or altered mental status. 6.2% presented only with fever. However 59.8% of patients presented with fever and respiratory or gastrointestinal symptoms. Mortality: The table compares patients who died vs discharged (either home or to a short term facility). Those that were 65 years or older, hypertensive or presented to the ER with an oxygen saturation of 94% or lower, were more likely to die. Ventilated patients: 31.6% of patients were intubated with a mortality rate of 77%. 22% of these patients were intubated in the first 24 hours. Compared to non-intubated patients, there was no difference in BMI, diabetes, hypertension, COPD/Asthma, use of statins, aspirin or calcium channel blockers. Intubated patients older than 64 years had significantly higher mortality rates (p=0.0001). Conclusion: This cohort of COVID-19 patients is unique as almost all received Hydroxychloroquine and Azithromycin. Only 9% received steroids and even fewer received an interleukin-6 inhibitor, convalescent plasma or Remdesivir. African Americans and Hispanics accounted for 80% of patients. Greater than 90% received Medicaid. Overall mortality was 33%. The most common presentation was respiratory followed by gastrointestinal symptoms. The overall mortality was 33% but increased to 77% in intubated patients. Age, hypertension, and ER oxygen saturation correlated with mortality.

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