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1.
Azevedo, Flavio, Pavlović, Tomislav, Rêgo, Gabriel Gaudencio do, Ay, Ceren, Gjoneska, Biljana, Etienne, Tom, Ross, Robert, Schönegger, Philipp, Riaño, Julian, Cichocka, Aleksandra, Capraro, Valerio, Cian, Luca, Longoni, Chiara, Chan, Ho Fai, Van Bavel, Jay Joseph, Sjåstad, Hallgeir, Nezlek, John, Alfano, Mark, Gelfand, Michele, Birtel, Michele Denise, Cislak, Aleksandra, Lockwood, Patricia, Abts, Koen, Agadullina, Elena, Aruta, John Jamir Benzon, Besharati, Sahba, Bor, Alexander, Choma, Becky, Crabtree, Charles David, Cunningham, Wil, De, Koustav, Ejaz, Waqas, Elbaek, Christian, Findor, Andrej, Flichtentrei, Daniel, Franc, Renata, Gruber, June, Gualda, Estrella, Horiuchi, Yusaku, Huynh, Toan Luu Duc, Ibanez, Agustin, Imran, Mostak, Israelashvili, Jacob, Jasko, Katarzyna, Kantorowicz, Jaroslaw, Kantorowicz-Reznichenko, Elena, Krouwel, André, Laakasuo, Michael, Lamm, Claus, Leygue, Caroline, Lin, Ming-Jen, Mansoor, Mohammad Sabbir, Marie, Antoine, Mayiwar, Lewend, Mazepus, Honorata, McHugh, Cillian, Minda, John Paul, Mitkidis, Panagiotis, Olsson, Andreas, Otterbring, Tobias, Packer, Dominic, Perry, Anat, Petersen, Michael Bang, Puthillam, Arathy, Rothmund, Tobias, Santamaría-García, Hernando, Schmid, Petra, Stoyanov, Drozdstoy, Tewari, Shruti, Todosijević, Bojan, Tsakiris, Manos, Tung, Hans, Umbres, Radu, Vanags, Edmunds, Vlasceanu, Madalina, Vonasch, Andrew, Yucel, Meltem, Z, E.; Abad, Mohcine, Adler, Eli, Akrawi, Narin, Mdarhri, Hamza Alaoui, Amara, Hanane, Amodio, David, Antazo, Benedict Guzman, Apps, Matthew, Ba, Mouhamadou Hady, Barbosa, Sergio, Bastian, Brock, Berg, Anton, Bernal-Zárate, Maria, Bernstein, Michael Jason, Bialek, Michal, Bilancini, Ennio, Bogatyreva, Natalia, Boncinelli, Leonardo, Booth, Jonathan, Borau, Sylvie, Buchel, Ondrej, Cameron, Daryl, Carvalho, Chrissie Ferreira, Celadin, Tatiana, Cerami, Chiara, Chalise, Hom Nath, Cheng, Xiaojun, Cockcroft, Kate, Conway, Jane, Córdoba-Delgado, Mateo Andres, Crespi, Chiara, Crouzevialle, Marie, Cutler, Jo, Cypryanska, Marzena, Dabrowska, Justyna, Daniels, Michael, Davis, Victoria, Dayley, Pamala, Delouvée, Sylvain, Denkovski, Ognjan, Dezecache, Guillaume, Dhaliwal, Nathan, Diato, Alelie, Di Paolo, Roberto, Drosinou, Marianna, Dulleck, Uwe, Ekmanis, Jānis, Ertan, Arhan, Farhana, Hapsa Hossain, Farkhari, Fahima, Farmer, Harry, Fenwick, Ali, Fidanovski, Kristijan, Flew, Terry, Fraser, Shona, Frempong, Raymond Boadi, Fugelsang, Jonathan Albert, Gale, Jessica, Garcia-Navarro, Begoña, Garladinne, Prasad, Ghajjou, Oussama, Gkinopoulos, Theofilos, Gray, Kurt, Griffin, Siobhán, Gronfeldt, Bjarki, Gümren, Mert, Gurung, Ranju Lama, Halperin, Eran, Harris, Elizabeth Ann, Herzon, Volo, Hruška, Matej, Huang, Guanxiong, Hudecek, Matthias, Isler, Ozan, Jangard, Simon, Jørgensen, Frederik Juhl, Kachanoff, Frank, Kahn, John, Dangol, Apsara Katuwal, Keudel, Oleksandra, Koppel, Lina, Koverola, Mika, Kubin, Emily, Kunnari, Anton, Kutiyski, Yordan, Laguna, Oscar, Leota, Josh, Lermer, Eva, Levy, Jonathan, Levy, Neil, chunyunli, Long, Elizabeth, Maglić, Marina, McCashin, Darragh, Metcalf, Alexander, Mikloušić, Igor, Mimouni, Soulaimane El, Miura, Asako, Molina-Paredes, Juliana, Monroy-Fonseca, Cesar Andres, Morales-Marente, Elena, Moreau, David, Muda, Rafał, Myer, Annalisa, Nash, Kyle, Nitschke, Jonas, Nurse, Matthew, Ohtsubo, Yohsuke, de Mello, Victoria Oldemburgo, O'Madagain, Cathal, Onderco, Michal, Palacios-Galvez, Soledad, Palomäki, Jussi, Pan, Yafeng, Papp, Zsófia, Pärnamets, Philip, Paruzel-Czachura, Mariola, Pavlović, Zoran, Payán-Gómez, César, Perander, Silva, Pitman, Michael Mark, Prasad, Rajib, Pyrkosz-Pacyna, Joanna, Rathje, Steve, Raza, Ali, Rhee, Kasey, Robertson, Claire, Rodríguez-Pascual, Iván, Saikkonen, Teemu, Salvador-Ginez, Octavio, Santi, Gaia, Santiago-Tovar, Natalia, Savage, David Alan, Scheffer, Julian Andrew, Schultner, David, Schutte, Enid, Scott, Andy, Sharma, Madhavi, Sharma, Pujan, Skali, Ahmed, Stadelmann, David, Stafford, Clara Alexandra, Stanojević, Dragan, Stefaniak, Anna, Sternisko, Anni, Stoica, Catalin Augustin, Stoyanova, Kristina, Strickland, Brent, Sundvall, Jukka Reima Ilmari, Thomas, Jeffrey, Tinghö, Gustav.
EuropePMC; 2022.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-335601

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has affected all domains of human life, including the economic and social fabric of societies. One of the central strategies for managing public health throughout the pandemic has been through persuasive messaging and collective behavior change. To help scholars better understand the social and moral psychology behind public health behavior, we present a dataset comprising of 51,404 individuals from 69 countries. This dataset was collected for the International Collaboration on Social Moral Psychology of COVID-19 project (ICSMP COVID-19). This social science survey invited participants around the world to complete a series of individual differences and public health attitudes about COVID-19 during an early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic (between April and June 2020). The survey included seven broad categories of questions: COVID-19 beliefs and compliance behaviours;identity and social attitudes;ideology;health and well-being;moral beliefs and motivation;personality traits;and demographic variables. We report both raw and cleaned data, along with all survey materials, data visualisations, and psychometric evaluations of key variables.

2.
Alzheimers Dement ; 2022 Feb 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1701246

ABSTRACT

As research and services in the Mediterranean region continue to increase, so do opportunities for global collaboration. To support such collaborations, the Alzheimer's Association was due to hold its seventh Alzheimer's Association International Conference Satellite Symposium in Athens, Greece in 2021. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the meeting was held virtually, which enabled attendees from around the world to hear about research efforts in Greece and the surrounding Mediterranean countries. Research updates spanned understanding the biology of, treatments for, and care of people with Alzheimer's disease (AD_ and other dementias. Researchers in the Mediterranean region have outlined the local epidemiology of AD and dementia, and have identified regional populations that may expedite genetic studies. Development of biomarkers is expected to aid early and accurate diagnosis. Numerous efforts have been made to develop culturally specific interventions to both reduce risk of dementia, and to improve quality of life for people living with dementia.

3.
Van Bavel, Jay Joseph, Cichocka, Aleksandra, Capraro, Valerio, Sjåstad, Hallgeir, Nezlek, John, Alfano, Mark, Azevedo, Flavio, Cislak, Aleksandra, Lockwood, Patricia, Ross, Robert, Agadullina, Elena, Apps, Matthew, Aruta, John Jamir Benzon, Bor, Alexander, Crabtree, Charles, Cunningham, William, De, Koustav, Elbaek, Christian, Ejaz, Waqas, Findor, Andrej, Gjoneska, Biljana, Horiuchi, Yusaku, Huynh, Toan Luu Duc, Ibanez, Agustin, Israelashvili, Jacob, Jasko, Katarzyna, Kantorowicz, Jaroslaw, Kantorowicz-Reznichenko, Elena, Krouwel, André, Laakasuo, Michael, Lamm, Claus, Leygue, Caroline, Mansoor, Mohammad Sabbir, Mayiwar, Lewend, Mazepus, Honorata, McHugh, Cillian, Mitkidis, Panagiotis, Olsson, Andreas, Otterbring, Tobias, Perry, Anat, Packer, Dominic, Petersen, Michael Bang, Puthillam, Arathy, Rothmund, Tobias, Tewari, Shruti, Tsakiris, Manos, Tung, Hans, Yucel, Meltem, Vanags, Edmunds, Vlasceanu, Madalina, Antazo, Benedict Guzman, Barbosa, Sergio, Bastian, Brock, Bilancini, Ennio, Bogatyreva, Natalia, Boncinelli, Leonardo, Booth, Jonathan, Borau, Sylvie, Buchel, Ondrej, Carvalho, Chrissie Ferreira, Celadin, Tatiana, Cerami, Chiara, Cian, Luca, Crespi, Chiara, Cutler, Jo, Delouvée, Sylvain, Dezecache, Guillaume, Di Paolo, Roberto, Dulleck, Uwe, Etienne, Tom, Farkhari, Fahima, Fugelsang, Jonathan Albert, Gkinopoulos, Theofilos, Gray, Kurt, Griffin, Siobhán, Gronfeldt, Bjarki, Gruber, June, Harris, Elizabeth Ann, Hruška, Matej, Isler, Ozan, Jangard, Simon, Jørgensen, Frederik Juhl, Koppel, Lina, Leota, Josh, Lermer, Eva, Levy, Neil, Longoni, Chiara, Miura, Asako, Muda, Rafał, Myer, Annalisa, Nash, Kyle, Nitschke, Jonas, Ohtsubo, Yohsuke, de Mello, Victoria Oldemburgo, Pan, Yafeng, Zsófia, Papp, Pärnamets, Philip, Paruzel-Czachura, Mariola, Pitman, Michael Mark, Pyrkosz-Pacyna, Joanna, Rathje, Steve, Raza, Ali, Rhee, Kasey, Rêgo, Gabriel Gaudencio do, Robertson, Claire, Salvador-Ginez, Octavio, Sampaio, Waldir, Savage, David Alan, Scheffer, Julian Andrew, Schönegger, Philipp, Scott, Andy, Skali, Ahmed, Strickland, Brent, Stafford, Clara Alexandra, Stefaniak, Anna, Sternisko, Anni, Tinghög, Gustav, Torgler, Benno, Tucciarelli, Raffaele, Ungson, Nick D'Angelo, Uysal, Mete Sefa, van Prooijen, Jan-Willem, Van Rooy, Dirk, Västfjäll, Daniel, Vieira, Joana, Walker, Alexander, Wetter, Erik, Willardt, Robin Richard, Wojcik, Adrian Dominik, Wu, Kaidi, Yamada, Yuki, Yilmaz, Onurcan, Yogeeswaran, Kumar, Zwaan, Rolf Antonius, Boggio, Paulo, Cameron, Daryl, Tyrala, Michael, Gualda, Estrella, Moreau, David, Palomäki, Jussi, Hudecek, Matthias.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-323175

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic is a devastating global health crisis. Until vaccines or effective medications are widely administered within nations, the best hope for mitigating virus transmission is by changing collective behavior and supporting non-pharmaceutical interventions. In a large-scale international collaboration (Study 1, N = 49,968 across 67 countries), we investigated why people reported adopting public health behaviors (e.g., spatial distancing and stricter hygiene) and endorsed public policy interventions (e.g., closing bars and restaurants) during the pandemic (April-May, 2020). Respondents who identified more strongly with their nation consistently reported greater engagement in public health behaviors and support for public health policies. Study 2 (N = 42 countries) conceptually replicates the central finding using aggregate indices of national identity (World Values Survey) and a measure of actual behavior change during the pandemic (Google mobility report). Higher levels of national identification were associated with lower mobility (r = -.40). We discuss the implications of links between national identity, leadership, and public health for managing COVID-19 and future pandemics.

4.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 517, 2022 01 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1655570

ABSTRACT

Changing collective behaviour and supporting non-pharmaceutical interventions is an important component in mitigating virus transmission during a pandemic. In a large international collaboration (Study 1, N = 49,968 across 67 countries), we investigated self-reported factors associated with public health behaviours (e.g., spatial distancing and stricter hygiene) and endorsed public policy interventions (e.g., closing bars and restaurants) during the early stage of the COVID-19 pandemic (April-May 2020). Respondents who reported identifying more strongly with their nation consistently reported greater engagement in public health behaviours and support for public health policies. Results were similar for representative and non-representative national samples. Study 2 (N = 42 countries) conceptually replicated the central finding using aggregate indices of national identity (obtained using the World Values Survey) and a measure of actual behaviour change during the pandemic (obtained from Google mobility reports). Higher levels of national identification prior to the pandemic predicted lower mobility during the early stage of the pandemic (r = -0.40). We discuss the potential implications of links between national identity, leadership, and public health for managing COVID-19 and future pandemics.


Subject(s)
Pandemics/legislation & jurisprudence , Public Health/legislation & jurisprudence , Social Conformity , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/psychology , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Health Behavior , Humans , Leadership , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pandemics/statistics & numerical data , SARS-CoV-2 , Self Report , Social Identification
5.
Humanities & Social Sciences Communications ; 9(1), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1612241

ABSTRACT

The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has imposed widespread negative impacts (economically, psychologically, neurologically, and societally), and has changed daily behaviors on a global scale. Such impacts are more significant and pervasive in countries with higher levels of inequality and reduced Government capacity and responsiveness, such as those in the Global South (e.g., Colombia). Differences in social and moral cognitive skills may significantly impact individual attitudes and responses to the pandemic. Here, we aimed to assess the extent to which factors associated with prosociality (including empathy, theory of mind (ToM), and moral judgments) predict the perception of SARS-CoV-2 impacts and responses. Participants (N = 413) from Colombia answered factors associated with prosociality measures and judgments about SARS-CoV-2 risk, impact, and acceptance of quarantine guidelines. Results revealed that affective empathy (personal distress and empathic concern) and moral tendencies (deontological trends) predicted greater acceptance of quarantine but in turn yielded an increased perception of risks and individual impacts of SARS-CoV-2. Moreover, age (older) and gender (female) also increased the risk perception and impact estimation. These results underscore the role of prosocial-related predispositions informing individual responses to the pandemic and provide an opportunity to exploit this knowledge to inform successful interventions favoring behavioral change.

6.
Alzheimers Dement ; 17 Suppl 8: e055106, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1596805

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: LAC-CD has recently reported that challenges faced by LAC countries are very similar to those experienced by HIC, and that regional networks will be needed to bridge gaps. ReDLat is a US-LAC multi-partner consortium aimed at expanding dementia research in LAC. The UK-Latin America Brain Connectivity Research Network (UL-BCRN) focuses on developing new affordable EEG-based biomarkers for dementia. The Language and Brain Health Network (LBHN) integrate international multidisciplinary efforts to reveal linguistic markers of neurodegenerative diseases. METHODS: ReDLat is collecting genomic, neuroimaging, clinical, cognitive, and socioeconomic data from a first-in-class cohort anchored in six LAC (Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Brazil, Mexico, and Peru) and will compare these to US data (> 4200 participants, including 2100 controls, 1050 AD patients, and 1050 FTD patients). The 5-year project will develop innovative, harmonized, and cross-nation approaches on two of the most prevalent neurodegenerative diseases, Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD). The UL-BCRN currently links seven EEG labs from Colombia, Argentina, Chile, Brazil and the UK. The network's vision is to forge strong relationships between labs through which new methodologies, EEG plus multidimensional datasets, and experience will be developed and shared. The LBHN will analyze speech samples from massive AD, FTD, and control cohorts across LAC, Spain, and the US. This effort aims to identify low-cost disease-specific markers in diverse Latino and English-speaking patients. RESULTS: ReDLat will aims to reveal unique risk factors for AD and FTD in LAC compared to US populations. Data collection strategies have been adapted to face the challenges brought by the COVID-19 pandemic. The UL-BCRN has now standardised recording protocols across LAC and UK labs and is collecting data from longitudinal cohorts of patients at risk of dementia relying on novel culture-free cognitive paradigms. Preliminary LBHN data shows that, automated speech analyses can identify Latinos with AD and FTD, with good generalization across socio-biological profiles, dialects, and languages. CONCLUSION: By broadening our understanding of dementia phenotypes, risk factors, and affordable diagnostic approaches in LAC, adding new evidence on variability across HIC and LMIC, the above networks will contribute unique knowledge that will help enhance future global dementia strategies.

7.
Lancet Healthy Longev ; 2(4): e222-e231, 2021 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1521658

ABSTRACT

The prevalence of dementia in Latin America and the Caribbean is growing rapidly, increasing the burden placed on caregivers. Exacerbated by fragile health-care systems, unstable economies, and extensive inequalities, caregiver burden in this region is among the highest in the world. We reviewed the major challenges to caregiving in Latin America and the Caribbean, and we propose regional and coordinated actions to drive future change. Current challenges include the scarcity of formal long-term care, socioeconomic and social determinants of health disparities, gender-biased burdens, growing dementia prevalence, and the effect of the current COVID-19 pandemic on families affected by dementia. Firstly, we propose local and regional short-term strategic recommendations, including systematic identification of specific caregiver needs, testing of evidence-based local interventions, contextual adaptation of strategies to different settings and cultures, countering gender bias, strengthening community support, provision of basic technology, and better use of available information and communications technology. Additionally, we propose brain health diplomacy (ie, global actions aimed to overcome the systemic challenges to brain health by bridging disciplines and sectors) and convergence science as frameworks for long-term coordinated responses, integrating tools, knowledge, and strategies to expand access to digital technology and develop collaborative models of care. Addressing the vast inequalities in dementia caregiving across Latin America and the Caribbean requires innovative, evidence-based solutions coordinated with the strengthening of public policies.

10.
Alzheimers Dement (N Y) ; 6(1): e12092, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1064430

ABSTRACT

The SARS-CoV-2 global pandemic will disproportionately impact countries with weak economies and vulnerable populations including people with dementia. Latin American and Caribbean countries (LACs) are burdened with unstable economic development, fragile health systems, massive economic disparities, and a high prevalence of dementia. Here, we underscore the selective impact of SARS-CoV-2 on dementia among LACs, the specific strain on health systems devoted to dementia, and the subsequent effect of increasing inequalities among those with dementia in the region. Implementation of best practices for mitigation and containment faces particularly steep challenges in LACs. Based upon our consideration of these issues, we urgently call for a coordinated action plan, including the development of inexpensive mass testing and multilevel regional coordination for dementia care and related actions. Brain health diplomacy should lead to a shared and escalated response across the region, coordinating leadership, and triangulation between governments and international multilateral networks.

11.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 82(s1): S379-S394, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1045532

ABSTRACT

In comparison with other regions, dementia prevalence in Latin America is growing rapidly, along with the consequent clinical, social, and economic burden upon patients and their families. The combination of fragile health care systems, large social inequalities, and isolated clinical and research initiatives makes the coordination of efforts imperative. The Latin America and the Caribbean Consortium on Dementia (LAC-CD) is a regional organization overseeing and promoting clinical and research activities on dementia. Here, we first provide an overview of the consortium, highlighting the antecedents and current mission. Then, we present the consortium's regional research, including the multi-partner consortium to expand dementia research in Latin America (ReDLat), which aims to identify the unique genetic, social, and economic factors that drive Alzheimer's and frontotemporal dementia presentation in LAC relative to the US. We describe an extension of ReDLat which aims to develop affordable markers of disease subtype and severity using high density EEG. We introduce current initiatives promoting regional diagnosis, visibility, and capacity, including the forthcoming launch of the Latin American Brain Health Institute (BrainLat). We discuss LAC-CD-led advances in brain health diplomacy, including an assessment of responses to the impact of COVID-19 on people with dementia and examining the knowledge of public policies among experts in the region. Finally, we present the current knowledge-to-action framework, which paves the way for a future regional action plan. Coordinated actions are crucial to forging strong regional bonds, supporting the implementation of regional dementia plans, improving health systems, and expanding research collaborations across Latin America.


Subject(s)
Biomedical Research , Dementia/therapy , Caribbean Region/epidemiology , Dementia/epidemiology , Humans , International Cooperation , Latin America/epidemiology , Societies, Medical/organization & administration
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