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Journal of medical cases ; 13(1):1-4, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1695328


Acquired hemophilia A (AHA) is a rare autoimmune bleeding disorder caused by circulating autoantibodies (inhibitor) directed against coagulation factor VIII (FVIII). We report a 39-year-old single female who presented to emergency department with sudden onset gross hematuria 10 days following her first dose of Pfizer-BioNTech severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) mRNA (coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)) vaccine. Coagulation profile revealed isolated prolongation of the activated partial thromboplastin time due to FVIII deficiency with normal von Willebrand factor and activity. Mixing study revealed time-dependent inhibitor pattern that was successively identified as directed against FVIII using the Nijmegen-modified Bethesda assay. FVIII inhibitor in a titer of 17.2 Bethesda Units/mL was detected. While thrombosis is a frequent complication of severe COVID-19 infection, on the other hand, bleeding is rare in the setting of COVID-19 infection/vaccination with no anticoagulants. Till date, a couple of cases of acquired hemophilia developed after receiving mRNA derived COVID-19 vaccines (Pfizer-BioNTech SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccine and Moderna mRNA vaccines) had been reported. It is important to raise the awareness about this rare side effect that might be directly induced by the mRNA COVID-19 vaccine or that the vaccine could have triggered it in a genetically predisposed individual. We recommend considering screening for an inhibitor (by mixing study) in cases with otherwise unexplained onset hemorrhagic disorder and/or isolated activated partial thromboplastin time prolongation.

Rheumatol Int ; 41(7): 1243-1252, 2021 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1217431


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) increases the risk of coagulopathy. Although the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs) has been proposed as a possible mechanism of COVID-19-induced coagulopathy, its clinical significance remains uncertain. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and clinical significance of aPLs among critically ill patients with COVID-19. This prospective observational study included 60 patients with COVID-19 admitted to intensive care units (ICU). The study outcomes included prevalence of aPLs, and a primary composite outcome of all-cause mortality and arterial or venous thrombosis between antiphospholipid-positive and antiphospholipid-negative patients during their ICU stay. Multiple logistic regression was used to assess the influence of aPLs on the primary composite outcome of mortality and thrombosis. A total of 60 critically ill patients were enrolled. Among them, 57 (95%) were men, with a mean age of 52.8 ± 12.2 years, and the majority were from Asia (68%). Twenty-two patients (37%) were found be antiphospholipid-positive; 21 of them were positive for lupus anticoagulant, whereas one patient was positive for anti-ß2-glycoprotein IgG/IgM. The composite outcome of mortality and thrombosis during their ICU stay did not differ between antiphospholipid-positive and antiphospholipid-negative patients (4 [18%] vs. 6 [16%], adjusted odds ratio 0.98, 95% confidence interval 0.1-6.7; p value = 0.986). The presence of aPLs does not seem to affect the outcomes of critically ill patients with COVID-19 in terms of all-cause mortality and thrombosis. Therefore, clinicians may not screen critically ill patients with COVID-19 for aPLs unless deemed clinically appropriate.

Antibodies, Antiphospholipid/blood , COVID-19/complications , SARS-CoV-2 , Adult , Aged , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Critical Illness , Female , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Thrombosis/etiology
Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis ; 12(1): e2020082, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1004838
Case Rep Oncol ; 13(3): 1430-1440, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-992125


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been a serious threat and has been reported with different presentations and complications. Older age, along with comorbidities such as diabetes, hypertension, or cardiac disease, increases the risk factors for COVID-19 severity and death [N Engl J Med. 2020;382(18):1708-20 and Lancet Respir Med. 2020 05;8(5):475-81]. It is proposed that cancer patients have a significantly higher incidence of severe incidents including admission to the intensive care unit, the necessity for assisted ventilation, and even death after catching the virus compared with non-cancer patients [Lancet Oncol. 2020;21(3):335-7]. It is also described that cancer patients appear to be twice as likely to contract infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) [JAMA Oncol. 2020;6(7):1108-10]. Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is a rare B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder, with patients typically presenting with cytopenias, marked splenomegaly in 80-90% of patients, circulating leukemia cells, bone marrow infiltration and the presence of BRAF V600E somatic mutation [Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus. 2014;30(Suppl 1):413-7]. Leukemic cells classically have central nuclei and abundant cytoplasm with hairy-like projections and express CD11c, CD25, CD103, and CD123 [Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus. 2014;30(Suppl 1):413-7]. Loss of CD123 in HCL has been rarely reported in the literature [Am J Hematol. 2019;94(12):1413-22]. We describe a unique case of a COVID-19-positive male who presented with severe respiratory symptoms, deteriorated quickly, and was intubated. Workup of severe progressive pancytopenia and bone marrow examination revealed HCL without splenomegaly and with atypical unusual loss of CD123. To our knowledge, this is the first case of CD123-negative HCL without splenomegaly associated with COVID-19 infection as the initial presentation.