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Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences ; 10:1818-1826, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2066696


BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome has led to a pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Malnutrition either biochemically or anthropometrically is a well-known risk factor for COVID-19 and may be the vice versa AIM: The objectives of this study were to investigate the prevalence of malnutrition in children infected with COVID-19 through evaluating the nutritional biomarkers such as serum electrolytes, serum albumin, and hemoglobin together with the anthropometric assessment. METHODS: A cross-sectional study that was conducted at El-Matria Teaching Hospital for all children admitted with confirmed COVID-19 for 6 months from February 1, 2021 to the end of July, 2021. Nutritional biochemical evaluation included serum electrolytes particularly the potassium and other nutritional biomarkers such as serum albumin and hemoglobin. Nutritional anthropometric evaluation depended on body mass index, the height/length, weight for length, and weight for height. The prevalence of malnutrition esp. hypokalemia was the main outcome. RESULTS: Hypokalemia was present in 21.8% of the study participants. Other nutritional biomarkers were found as hyponatremia, hypocalcemia, hypophosphatemia, and hypomagnesemia were detected in 49.1%, 38.2%, 21.8%, and 34.5% of the study subjects, respectively. Anthropometric malnutrition was present in most of the enrolled children with COVID-19 in the study (65.5 % [n = 36]) through which overweight and obese children occupied a greater percentage. CONCLUSION: Malnutrition either biochemically or anthropometrically could be linked to COVID-19 in children. COVID-19 could have negative outcomes on the nutritional status such as electrolytes disturbances. Both malnutrition and COVID-19 are considered synergistic associations.

Egyptian Journal of Chemistry ; 65(3):685-694, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1705542


WHO confirmed that COVID-19 disease is a pandemic event on March 11, 2020. The causative organism is a new virus called SARS-CoV-2. The review aims to explore the effect of nutrition-in particular the fat component - on the COVID-19 course in pediatrics. In this review, I will explain the relationship between the dietary fat component and its role as a macronutrient in the modulation of the disease severity or the prevention. The modification could be in the type or the amount of the dietary fat. To illustrate, it is advisable to avoid the saturated and trans-fatty acids due to their links to obesity with subsequent raised risks for COVID-19. In addition, the amount of dietary fat can be ameliorated to yield better disease outcomes. To illustrate, the ketogenic diet (high fat diet) provides the betahydroxybutrate which has favorable effects on the immunity suppressing and delaying the cytokine storms. © 2022 National Information and Documentation Center (NIDOC).