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Photochem Photobiol ; 2022 Sep 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2038178


Germicidal ultraviolet (UV) devices have been widely used for pathogen disinfection in water, air, and on food and surfaces. Emerging UV technologies, like the krypton chloride (KrCl*) excimer emitting at 222 nm, are rapidly gaining popularity due to their minimal adverse effects on skin and eyes compared with conventional UV lamps emitting at 254 nm, opening opportunities for UV disinfection in occupied public spaces. In this study, inactivation of seven bacteria and five viruses, including waterborne, foodborne and respiratory pathogens, was determined in a thin-film aqueous solution using a filtered KrCl* excimer emitting primarily at 222 nm. Our results show that the KrCl* excimer can effectively inactivate all tested bacteria and viruses, with most microorganisms achieving more than 4-log (99.99%) reduction with a UV dose of 10 mJ cm-2 . Compared with conventional UV lamps, the KrCl* excimer lamp exhibited better disinfection performance for viruses but was slightly less effective for bacteria. The relationships between UV sensitivities at 222 and 254 nm for bacteria and viruses were evaluated using regression analysis, resulting in factors that could be used to estimate the KrCl* excimer disinfection performance from well-documented UV kinetics using conventional 254 nm UV lamps. This study provides fundamental information for pathogen disinfection when employing KrCl* excimers.

Int J Environ Health Res ; : 1-13, 2022 Aug 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1984767


Propolis is a resinous substance collected by bees (Apis mellifera). It is used for its biological properties. This natural product is available as a safe therapeutic option. Herein, we report the antiviral effects of brown propolis extract from Mexico and green and red propolis extracts from Brazil, as well as their phenolic compounds (quercetin, caffeic acid, and rutin) in preventing infection of MRC-5 cells by HCoV-229E. Normal human fibroblast lung cells (MRC-5) were used to determine the cytotoxicity of the compounds. All samples studied showed antiviral activity. Green and brown propolis extracts, and quercetin exhibited the best EC50 values with values of 19.080, 11.240, and 77.208 µg/mL against HCoV-229E, respectively, and with TC50 of 62.19, 29.192, and 298 µg/mL on MRC-5 cells, respectively. These results are the first in vitro study of the effects of propolis on HCoV-229E and provide the basis for the development of natural formulations against other coronavirus strains.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol ; : 1-3, 2021 Dec 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1984322


The surface environment in rooms of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients may be persistently contaminated despite disinfection. A continuously active disinfectant demonstrated excellent sustained antiviral activity following a 48-hour period of wear and abrasion exposures with reinoculations. Reductions of >4-log10 were achieved within a 1-minute contact time for severe acute respiratory coronavirus virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and the human coronavirus, 229E.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol ; : 1-3, 2021 Oct 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1454696


Respiratory viruses can be transmitted by fomite contact, but no data currently exist on the transfer of enveloped viruses. The transfer efficiency of human coronavirus from various hard surfaces ranged from 0.46% to 49.0%. This information can be used to model the fomite transmission of enveloped viruses.

Am J Infect Control ; 49(12): 1569-1571, 2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1401145


The COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the demand for alternatives to standard cleaning and disinfection practices. Antiviral coatingsmay provide an alternative to common surface treatments. A newly developed quaternary ammonium polymer coating was applied to stainless steel coupons and evaluated for efficacy against human coronavirus 229E and SARS-CoV-2. The polymer coating reduced levels of both test viruses by greater than 99.9% relative to non-coated stainless steel coupons during a 2-hour contact time.

COVID-19 , Coronavirus 229E, Human , Antiviral Agents , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
American Journal of Infection Control ; 49(6):S3-S4, 2021.
Article in English | PMC | ID: covidwho-1286244