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Children (Basel) ; 9(6)2022 Jun 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1884023


Specific Learning Disorders (SLD) are a group of heterogeneous health deficits frequently diagnosed in early childhood that cause difficulties in general intellectual functioning. In the last decades in Italy new laws have been developed to give practical guidelines for the best education plans for children with SLD. BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to determine the efficacy of the educational treatment on SLD in Primary and Secondary schools in the Italian city of Barletta. We acquired valuable data to evaluate Special Education Needs during COVID-19. METHODS: Our study was conducted from April to June 2021, during the second "lockdown" period in Italy. A fact-finding survey was conducted to schools with a questionnaire provided to the teachers to acquire data on the SEN applied in the management of distance learning for children. RESULTS: The study involved 15 male and 6 female pupils with SLD in Primary Schools and 18 male and 6 female in Secondary Schools. The schools participating in the study organized distance learning programs with a support teacher with a 1:1 ratio. Data showed that all children with SLD needed a support teacher. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this pilot study suggest that distance learning programs are able to achieve adequate educational goals, despite the difficulties of the lockdown period.

Turk Arch Pediatr ; 56(5): 479-484, 2021 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1438847


BACKGROUND: During the pandemic of SARS-Cov-2, among other clinical and public health issues, a major concern raised by SARS-CoV-2 is the possibility of transmission of the infection from mother to child in the perinatal period. This has placed a question mark on the safety of breastfeeding, with ambiguity on the joint management of SARS-CoV-2 positive or suspected mothers and their children. It was aimed to evaluate breastfeeding rates for newborns of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 positive mothers who were temporarily separated from their babies at birth, compared to those who were not separated. RESULTS: Babies who were not isolated from their mothers at delivery were significantly more likely to be breastfed and were at no higher risk of infection with SARS-CoV-2. CONCLUSION: Following the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations and strict hand and mask hygiene measures, breastfeeding practices can be established and maintained through rooming-in, thus promoting the mother-child bond without compromising the safety of the newborn.

Eur J Pediatr ; 181(2): 853-857, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1397006


The study was aimed at describing potential indirect effects of pandemic-related measures on very-low-birthweight infants in four Italian NICUs. No overall change in late-onset sepsis (LOS) and necrotizing enterocolitis was documented. However, in the NICU where baseline LOS rate was high, a significant reduction in LOS incidence was recorded. Conclusion: COVID-19-related implementation of NICU hygiene policies is likely to reduce the occurrence of LOS in high-risk settings. What is Known: • COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted routine care in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs), mostly by tightening infection control measures and restricting parental presence in the NICU. • Beyond the described psychological impact of COVID-19 related measures on healthcare workers and NICU families, their consequences in terms of preterm infants' clinical outcomes have not been described in detail yet. What is New: • Strengthened infection-control measures do not seem to have an overall influence on the incidence of necrotising enterocolitis and late-onset sepsis in very-low-birth-weight infants. • However, the implementation of these measures appears to reduce the occurrence of late-onset sepsis in settings where the baseline incidence of the disease is high.

COVID-19 , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing , Sepsis , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/epidemiology , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Sepsis/epidemiology , Sepsis/etiology