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Cirugia Cardiovascular ; 2021.
Article in English, Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1198652


Introduction and objectives: The COVID-19 pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus infection has saturated the Spanish health system, affecting the care of cardiovascular diseases. In this phase 2 of the SECCE-COVID-19 study we want to quantify the impact of the pandemic on the number of cardiac surgeries by analyzing the most prevalent diagnostic-related groups (DRGs) in our specialty. Methods: At the request of the Spanish Society of Cardiovascular and Endovascular Surgery (SECCE), all the centers in the national territory that wanted to participate were asked for the data of the DRG codes number 162 (surgery on heart valves with infarction or complex diagnosis), 163 (surgery on heart valves without infarction or complex diagnosis), 165 (coronary bypass with infarction or complex diagnosis), 166 (coronary bypass without infarction or complex diagnosis) and 167 (other cardiothoracic or thoracic vascular procedures) between March 1, 2020 and September 30, 2020 (7 months), and as a control period the same dates of the year 2019. Results: Data were received from 24 Hospital Centers, 22 public and 2 private. There was a global decrease in the number of interventions of 30% (Range -19 a -42%, p < 0.001) from 4648 in 2019 to 3262 in 2020 (-1386 difference), being +7% for the GRD 162 (p = 0.500), -37% for 163 (p = 0.001), -9% for 165 (p = 0,304), -32% for 166 (p = 0.001) and -16% for 167(p = 0.062). Conclusions: There was a statistical significant global decrease in surgeries in 2020 of 30% compared to 2019 between March 1 and September 30. © 2021 Sociedad Española de Cirugía Cardiovascular y Endovascular

Sci Total Environ ; 742: 140524, 2020 Nov 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-624699


Improving the food supply chain efficiency has been identified as an essential means to enhance food security, while reducing pressure on natural resources. Adequate food loss and waste (FLW) management has been proposed as an approach to meet these objectives. The main hypothesis of this study is to consider that the "strong fluctuations and short-term changes" on eating habits may have major consequences on potential FLW generation and management, as well as on GHG emissions, all taking into account the nutritional and the economic cost. Due to the exceptional lockdown measures imposed by the Spanish government, as a consequence of the emerging coronavirus disease, COVID-19, food production and consumption systems have undergone significant changes, which must be properly studied in order to propose strategies from the lessons learned. Taking Spain as a case study, the methodological approach included a deep analysis of the inputs and outputs of the Spanish food basket, the supply chain by means of a Material Flow Analysis, as well as an economic and comprehensive nutritional assessment, all under a life cycle thinking approach. The results reveal that during the first weeks of the COVID-19 lockdown, there was no significant adjustment in overall FLW generation, but a partial reallocation from extra-domestic consumption to households occurred (12% increase in household FLW). Moreover, the economic impact (+11%), GHG emissions (+10%), and the nutritional content (-8%) complete the multivariable impact profile that the COVID-19 outbreak had on FLW generation and management. Accordingly, this study once again highlights that measures aimed at reducing FLW, particularly in the household sector, are critical to make better use of food surpluses and FLW prevention and control, allowing us to confront future unforeseen scenarios.

Coronavirus Infections , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Refuse Disposal , Waste Management , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Disease Outbreaks , Food , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Spain