Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 7 de 7
Filter
1.
Respir Investig ; 60(3): 418-424, 2022 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1751178

ABSTRACT

In this retrospective cohort study, we evaluated the efficacy of baricitinib in the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Among 404 adult patients with COVID-19 who were admitted to our hospital between October 23, 2020, and July 31, 2021, 229 patients with respiratory failure were included. Among these, 41 patients in the baricitinib group and 41 patients in the control group were selected by propensity score matching to adjust for background factors. We compared the survival rates of the two groups at 30 and 60 days after admission. The 30-day survival rate was significantly higher in the baricitinib group than in the control group. However, there was no significant difference in 60-day survival in the two groups. Baricitinib may improve the early prognosis of patients with respiratory failure associated with COVID-19. However, efforts should be made to improve the long-term prognosis.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Respiratory Insufficiency , Adult , Azetidines , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/drug therapy , Humans , Propensity Score , Purines , Pyrazoles , Respiratory Insufficiency/drug therapy , Respiratory Insufficiency/etiology , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Sulfonamides
2.
Respiratory investigation ; 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1728506

ABSTRACT

In this retrospective cohort study, we evaluated the efficacy of baricitinib in the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Among 404 adult patients with COVID-19 who were admitted to our hospital between October 23, 2020, and July 31, 2021, 229 patients with respiratory failure were included. Among these, 41 patients in the baricitinib group and 41 patients in the control group were selected by propensity score matching to adjust for background factors. We compared the survival rates of the two groups at 30 and 60 days after admission. The 30-day survival rate was significantly higher in the baricitinib group than in the control group. However, there was no significant difference in 60-day survival in the two groups. Baricitinib may improve the early prognosis of patients with respiratory failure associated with COVID-19. However, efforts should be made to improve the long-term prognosis.

3.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-312933

ABSTRACT

Background: Corticosteroids use in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is controversial, especially in mild to severe patients who do not require invasive/noninvasive ventilation. Moreover, many factors remain unclear regarding the appropriate use of corticosteroids for COVID-19. In this context, this multicenter, retrospective, propensity score–matched study was launched to evaluate the efficacy of systemic corticosteroid administration for hospitalized patients with COVID-19 ranging in the degree of severity from mild to critically-ill disease. Methods: : This multicenter, retrospective study enrolled consecutive hospitalized COVID-19 patients diagnosed January–April 2020 across 30 institutions in Japan. Clinical outcomes were compared for COVID-19 patients who received or did not receive corticosteroids, after adjusting for propensity scores. The primary endpoint was the odds ratio (OR) for improvement on a 7-point ordinal score on Day 15. Results: : Of 1092 COVID-19 patients analyzed, 118 patients were assigned to either the corticosteroid and non-corticosteroid group, after propensity score matching. At baseline, most patients did not require invasive/noninvasive ventilation (85.6% corticosteroid group vs. 89.8% non-corticosteroid group). The odds of improvement in a 7-point ordinal score on Day 15 was significantly lower for the corticosteroid versus non-corticosteroid group (OR, 0.611;95% confidence interval [CI], 0.388–0.962;p = 0.034). The time to improvement in radiological findings was significantly shorter in the corticosteroid versus non-corticosteroid group (hazard ratio [HR], 1.758;95% CI, 1.323–2.337;p < 0.001), regardless of baseline clinical status. The duration of invasive mechanical ventilation was shorter in corticosteroid versus non-corticosteroid group (HR, 1.466;95% CI, 0.841–2.554;p = 0.177). Of the 106 patients who received methylprednisolone, the duration of invasive mechanical ventilation was significantly shorter in the pulse/semi-pulse versus standard dose group (HR, 2.831;95% CI, 1.347–5.950;p = 0.006). Conclusions: : Corticosteroids for hospitalized patients with COVID-19 did not improve clinical status on Day 15, but reduced the time to improvement in radiological findings for all patients regardless of disease severity and also reduced the duration of invasive mechanical ventilation in patients who required intubation. Trial registration : This study was registered in the University hospital Medical Information Network Clinical Trials Registry on April 21, 2020 (ID: UMIN000040211).

4.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 2419, 2022 02 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1684100

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to develop the feasible and effective universal screening strategy of the notable SARS-CoV-2 variants by Sanger Sequencing Strategy and then practically applied it for mass screening in Hiroshima, Japan. A total of 734 samples from COVID-19 confirmed cases in Hiroshima were screened for the notable SARS-CoV-2 variants (B.1.1.7, B.1.351, P.1, B.1.617.2, B.1.617.1, C.37, B.1.1.529, etc.). The targeted spike region is amplified by nested RT-PCR using in-house designed primer set hCoV-Spike-A and standard amplification protocol. Additionally, randomly selected 96 samples were also amplified using primer sets hCoV-Spike-B and hCoV-Spike-C. The negative amplified samples were repeated for second attempt of amplification by volume-up protocol. Thereafter, the amplified products were assigned for Sanger sequencing using corresponding primers. The positive amplification rate of primer set hCoV-Spike-A, hCoV-Spike-B and hCoV-Spike-C were 87.3%, 83.3% and 93.8% respectively for standard protocol and increased to 99.6%, 95.8% and 96.9% after second attempt by volume-up protocol. The readiness of genome sequences was 96.9%, 100% and 100% respectively. Among 48 mutant isolates, 26 were B.1.1.7 (Alpha), 7 were E484K single mutation and the rest were other types of mutation. Moreover, 5 cluster cases with single mutation at N501S were firstly reported in Hiroshima. This study indicates the reliability and effectiveness of Sanger sequencing to screen large number of samples for the notable SARS-CoV-2 variants. Compared to the Next Generation Sequencing (NGS), our method introduces the feasible, universally applicable, and practically useful tool for identification of the emerging variants with less expensive and time consuming especially in those countries where the NGS is not practically available. Our method allows not only to identify the pre-existing variants but also to examine other rare type of mutation or newly emerged variants and is crucial for prevention and control of pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/diagnosis , Mass Screening/methods , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA/methods , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/genetics , Amino Acid Sequence , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/virology , Feasibility Studies , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing/methods , Humans , Japan/epidemiology , Pandemics/prevention & control , Reproducibility of Results , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , Sensitivity and Specificity , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
5.
Crit Care Explor ; 3(11): e0576, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1515113

ABSTRACT

The pathology caused by the coronavirus disease 2019 is mediated by host-mediated lung inflammation, driving severity, and mortality. Polymorphisms in genes encoding host inflammation and immune-related molecules may be associated with the development of serious pathologies, and identifying such gene polymorphisms may lead to the identification of therapeutic targets. OBJECTIVES: We attempted to identify aggravation-predicting gene polymorphisms. DESIGN: We use a candidate gene approach associated with multiple phase pathogenesis in coronavirus disease 2019 patients among a cohort in Hiroshima, a city with a population of 1 million, in Japan. DNA samples from the study populations were genotyped for 34 functional polymorphisms from 14 distinct candidate genes, which encode proteins related to viral cell entry, regulation of viral replication, innate immune modulators, regulatory cytokines, and effector cytokines. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Three core hospitals providing different services for patients with coronavirus disease 2019 under administrative control. A total of 230 patients with coronavirus disease 2019 were recruited from March 1, 2020, to March 31, 2021. MAIN RESULTS AND MEASUREMENTS: Among the 14 genes, we found rs1131454 in OAS1 and rs1143627 in IL1B genes as independent genetic factors associated with disease severity (adjusted odds ratio = 7.1 and 4.6 in the dominant model, respectively). Furthermore, we investigated the effect of multiple phase pathogenesis of coronavirus disease 2019 with unbiased multifactor dimensionality reduction analysis and identified a four-gene model with rs1131454 (OAS1), rs1143627 (IL1B), rs2074192 (ACE2), and rs11003125 (MBL). By combining these polygenetic factors with polyclinical factors, including age, sex, higher body mass index, and the presence of diabetes and hypertension, we proposed a composite risk model with a high area under the curve, sensitivity, and probability (0.917, 96.4%, and 74.3%, respectively) in the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: We successfully identified significant genetic factors in OAS1 and IL1B genes using a candidate gene approach study as valuable information for further mechanistic investigation and predictive model building.

7.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 10727, 2021 05 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1238019

ABSTRACT

Corticosteroids use in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is controversial, especially in mild to severe patients who do not require invasive/noninvasive ventilation. Moreover, many factors remain unclear regarding the appropriate use of corticosteroids for COVID-19. In this context, this multicenter, retrospective, propensity score-matched study was launched to evaluate the efficacy of systemic corticosteroid administration for hospitalized patients with COVID-19 ranging in the degree of severity from mild to critically-ill disease. This multicenter, retrospective study enrolled consecutive hospitalized COVID-19 patients diagnosed January-April 2020 across 30 institutions in Japan. Clinical outcomes were compared for COVID-19 patients who received or did not receive corticosteroids, after adjusting for propensity scores. The primary endpoint was the odds ratio (OR) for improvement on a 7-point ordinal score on Day 15. Of 1092 COVID-19 patients analyzed, 118 patients were assigned to either the corticosteroid and non-corticosteroid group, after propensity score matching. At baseline, most patients did not require invasive/noninvasive ventilation (85.6% corticosteroid group vs. 89.8% non-corticosteroid group). The odds of improvement in a 7-point ordinal score on Day 15 was significantly lower for the corticosteroid versus non-corticosteroid group (OR, 0.611; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.388-0.962; p = 0.034). The time to improvement in radiological findings was significantly shorter in the corticosteroid versus non-corticosteroid group (hazard ratio [HR], 1.758; 95% CI, 1.323-2.337; p < 0.001), regardless of baseline clinical status. The duration of invasive mechanical ventilation was shorter in corticosteroid versus non-corticosteroid group (HR, 1.466; 95% CI, 0.841-2.554; p = 0.177). Of the 106 patients who received methylprednisolone, the duration of invasive mechanical ventilation was significantly shorter in the pulse/semi-pulse versus standard dose group (HR, 2.831; 95% CI, 1.347-5.950; p = 0.006). In conclusion, corticosteroids for hospitalized patients with COVID-19 did not improve clinical status on Day 15, but reduced the time to improvement in radiological findings for all patients regardless of disease severity and also reduced the duration of invasive mechanical ventilation in patients who required intubation.Trial registration: This study was registered in the University hospital Medical Information Network Clinical Trials Registry on April 21, 2020 (ID: UMIN000040211).


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , COVID-19/therapy , Hospitalization , Respiration, Artificial , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , COVID-19/pathology , Critical Illness , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL