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1.
Frontiers in Sociology ; 7, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2199596

ABSTRACT

In Bangladesh, more clarity is needed on data that could contribute to the provision of sustainable banking services. Therefore, the qualitative exploration of bank employees' skills to advance contemporary banking careers and services has been rational. Moreover, limited knowledge of what constitutes a sustainable banking career and service inspires this study to adapt to the new normal post-COVID-19. Fifteen experienced employees from the banking industry participated in the interview to accomplish the research. The results from content data analysis showed that technical skills may vary from department to department based on employees' job responsibilities. However, the employee skills are more or less similar for different banks. The results further showed that the banking sector emphasizes the need for honesty from banks' employees, as they maintain a large amount of cash and other types of assets in their vaults. Additionally, the research participants expressed their sentiments regarding other skills, such as patience, smartness, and technological expertise. These skills are needed to carry out the day-to-day operations and achieve high customer satisfaction. Therefore, the study recommends that banks focus on creating an employee base with the skills found in the investigation to develop banking services.

2.
Front Public Health ; 10, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed Central | ID: covidwho-2199537

ABSTRACT

Background: Poor compliance with infection prevention and control (IPC) measures has been a longstanding issue globally. To date, healthcare workers (HCWs) have been the primary target for policy and strategy revisions. Recent studies exploring the contributing factors to the spread of COVID-19 across countries in Asia have suggested that the scope of focus should be extended to family carers who provide patient care activities. This study aimed to explore factors affecting patients' and their family carers' IPC compliance in hospitals in Bangladesh, Indonesia, and South Korea. Method: A qualitative study incorporating 57 semi-structured interviews was conducted in five tertiary-level hospitals across the three focus countries between July 2019 and February 2020. Interviews were undertaken with: (1) patients, family carers and private carers;and (2) healthcare workers, including nurses, doctors, and hospital managers. Drawing upon the principles of grounded theory, data were inductively analyzed using thematic analysis. Results: A total of three main themes and eight subthemes are identified. Key themes focused on the assumptions made by healthcare workers regarding the family/private carers' level of understanding about IPC and training received;uncertainty and miscommunication regarding the roles of family/private carers;variations in carer knowledge toward IPC and healthcare-associated infections, and the impact of cultural values and social norms. Conclusion: This exploratory study offers novel findings regarding the factors influencing IPC compliance among patients and their family/private carers across various cultural settings, irrespective of resource availability. The role of cultural values and social norms and their impact on IPC compliance must be acknowledged when updating or revising IPC policies and guidelines.

3.
Front Public Health ; 10, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed Central | ID: covidwho-2199521

ABSTRACT

Background: Pornography exposure, particularly among students, in Bangladesh, has increased in the twenty-first century. However, pornography exposure during the COVID-19 pandemic, when people were compelled to "stay at home” and relied extensively on the internet for all forms of activities, including academia, socializing, and communication, has remained unexplored. The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of pornography exposure among students during the third wave of the COVID-19 pandemic and to determine the associated predictors. Methods: A web-based cross-sectional study was carried out among students with certain specifications, i.e., current students at high school/college/university with access to the internet and valid social media accounts. By administering a semi-structured e-questionnaire using Google Forms, a total of 646 valid responses were retained for this study. The data were analyzed in two phases by Pearson's Chi-square and multiple logistic regression model, using IBM SPSS Statistics, version 25. The results were expressed as an adjusted odds ratio (AOR) with a 95% confidence interval (95% CI). Results: The findings suggest that 75.9% of students were exposed to pornography during the third wave of the COVID-19 pandemic and preferred to watch the amateur/professional genre of pornography. Pornography exposure was significantly associated with age and relationship status, as students aged 22–24 years (95% CI: 1.01–2.41;p = 0.045) and over 25 years (95% CI: 1.61–10.03;p = 0.003) were more likely to watch pornography, while married students and those in relationships (95% CI: 1.24–3.49;p = 0.006) also watched pornography during the pandemic. In contrast, students who were living alone (95% CI: 0.38–0.92;p = 0.021), were living in the Khulna division (95% CI: 0.16–0.52;p < 0.001) or had a negative attitude toward pornography (95% CI: 0.94–0.99;p = 0.002) were less likely to be exposed to pornography. Conclusion: Pornography exposure was higher among students in Bangladesh during the COVID-19 pandemic, and religiosity and disapproving attitudes toward pornography negatively influenced the pornography exposure. For a better understanding of the complex dynamics of socio-demographic issues with pornography exposure among students, extensive research is required for policymakers to devise appropriate strategies and interventions to ensure healthy and safe sex life for the younger population.

4.
Frontiers in Genetics ; 13, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2198785

ABSTRACT

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has been a scientific, medical and social challenge. Since clinical course of this disease is largely unpredictable and can develop rapidly causing severe complications, it is important to identify laboratory biomarkers, which may help to classify patient's severity during initial stage. Previous studies have suggested C-reactive protein (inflammatory) and D-dimer (biochemical) as an effective biomarker. The differential severity in patients across the world and our limited understanding in the progression of the disease calls for a multi-country analysis for biomarkers. Therefore, we have analyzed these biomarkers among 228 Bangladeshi COVID-19 patients. We observed significant association of COVID-19 severity with these two biomarkers. Thus, we suggest to use these biomarkers for Bangladeshi COVID-19 patients for better disease monitoring. Such validated preventive measures may decrease the case fatality ratio substantially.

5.
Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences ; 58 (no pagination), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2197574

ABSTRACT

The main aim of the paper is to assess whether vitamin C, vitamin D, and natural honey can be administered in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic for promising in line methods with recent evidence. Both systematic literature and clinical trial identification were conducted by searching various databases. A total 58 articles and 29 clinical trials were selected wherein 11 for vitamin C, 16 for vitamin D, and 2 for natural honey were identified for analysis. The high doses of vitamin C (i.e. '200 mg/kg body weight/day, divided into 4 doses') has been found to reduce COVID-19 lung damage, various flu infections. Additionally, the high doses of vitamin C can shorten around 7.8% stay in the intensive care unit. At the same time, vitamin D can effectively protect from lung injury and acute respiratory infections whereas vitamin D deficiency severely affects 75% of the institutionalized people (serum 25(OH) D < 25 nmol/L). Meanwhile, natural honey which contains proteins (0.1-0.4%);ash (0.2%);water (15-17%) has potential antiviral effects and the ability to improve immunity. Therefore, the administration of vitamins and honey is the promising evidence-based approach for reducing fatalities, saving lives, and bringing the COVID-19 pandemic to a rapid end. It is believed that the utilization of vitamin C, vitamin D, and natural honey with the current treatment may be effective in treating COVID-19-caused fatal complications such as pneumonia. Therefore, high-level clinical studies are required on COVID-19 to administrate the effects of vitamins and natural honey. Copyright © 2022, Faculdade de Ciencias Farmaceuticas (Biblioteca). All rights reserved.

6.
Smart Learning Environments ; 10(1), 2023.
Article in English | PubMed Central | ID: covidwho-2196497

ABSTRACT

Virtual Classroom (VC) learning approaches have recently drawn considerable attention because they have the potential to encourage student engagement to ensure active and collaborative learning. Although research on online learning has gained visibility in recent times, VC learning has not received notable attention, especially in Gulf countries like the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The study examines students' perception and experience of VC in a university in UAE during the COVID-19 pandemic in terms of its necessity and helpfulness. This research also examines the situational pressure of VC and aims to explain the reasons for its desirability and inevitability. As a current learning space beyond the conventional face-to-face classroom learning, VC learning is available in various forms and quality depending on creating opportunities for the learners' participation. However, there are issues with VC practice too. Our analysis of survey data (N = 334) leads to portraying autonomous learning freedom in different learning environments in VC. We argue that students may resort to VC not because of its proven effectiveness but because of the necessity to continue addressing their learning needs. This study contributes to the general understanding of the online and traditional in-person classroom learning and virtual learning resources in the teaching of English as a globally desired language.

7.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1):2424, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2196178

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Testing has played a crucial role in reducing the spread of COVID-19. Though COVID-19 symptoms tend to be less severe in adolescents and young adults, their highly social lifestyles can lead to increased transmission of the virus. In this study, we aimed to provide population-based estimates of polymerase chain reaction testing (PCR) for the COVID-19 pandemic and identify factors associated with PCR testing in Australian youth using the latest survey data from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC).

8.
British Journal of Surgery ; 109(Supplement 9):ix33-ix34, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2188329

ABSTRACT

Background: Acute cholecystitis is a common surgical emergency. NICE guidelines recommend early laparoscopic cholecystectomy should be performed within 1 week of diagnosis. Emergency and elective surgical provision was affected during the first wave of the covid pandemic due to high postoperative mortality and pulmonary complications. The objectives of this audit were to assess and improve the local management of acute cholecystitis during the Covid-19 pandemic. Method(s): A retrospective review of all patients who presented with acute cholecystitis over 2 months was performed in April 2020. Several interventions were introduced following the first cycle to improve our adherence with NICE guidelines, including 'green elective surgical pathway', clinical priority coding for elective surgeries, a hot gallbladder pathway, and a dedicated weekend and evening list. A re-audit was performed over 2 months in July 2020. These findings were presented at the departmental meeting. Result(s): 34 patients were reviewed in the first audit and 37 in the re-audit. A higher number of patients with acute cholecystitis in cycle 2 had admission covid swabs (97.3% vs 64.7%) and interval covid swabs (54.1% vs 0%) compared to cycle 1. One patient was tested positive for Covid-19 in cycle 2 and was listed for elective operation. Cycle 2 revealed a higher rate of hot gallbladder (from 8.8% to 10.8%) and a shorter median length from admission to operation (from 4 to 1.5 days). A higher rate of patients was readmitted due to complications of cholecystitis in cycle 2 (29.7% vs 20.6%) compared to cycle 1. Conclusion(s): The overall performance is still behind the NICE guideline recommendation. We have identified factors such as pressure on theatre facilities and resources and cancer fast-track priority surgeries during the Covid-19 pandemic. Ongoing audit and optimisation of the hot gallbladder pathway, elective surgical pathway, extra lists, and clinical priority of operations are important to improve the quality of care for patients with acute cholecystitis.

9.
Journal of Interdisciplinary Mathematics ; 25(7):1951-1959, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2187214

ABSTRACT

The educational sector of Bangladesh is severely affected due to the sudden outbreak of novel Corona virus (COVID-19). Bangladesh which is one of the densely populated countries has a significant improvement in the education sector along with the others in last some decades but this pandemic has played a serious setback to almost all the sectors of this small country. As all the educational institutes of Bangladesh are closed since 17th March 2020 till 30th June 14, 2021 and this may lead to many detrimental effects. To measure these, a survey was conducted and collected data was analyzed by SPSS Statistics v 25.0. This paper highlighted the mental stress, socio-economic crisis of the students that badly affected their education. It is observed in this study that around 80% of the students are going through mental stress particularly for internet facilities and financial crisis in pandemic period.

10.
Transportation Engineering ; 11:100162, 2023.
Article in English | PubMed Central | ID: covidwho-2184157

ABSTRACT

The SARS-CoV-2 virus has brought unprecedented change to the world. Distancing measures make people find an alternative way to interact with others and fulfill their duty. It is acknowledged that the epidemic has dramatically impacted people's work schedules, which in turn has changed how they travel. Till now very few studies were conducted on this new phenomenon. The purpose of this study is to ascertain how COVID-19 has affected the work schedules and travel habits of office workers in Bangladesh and show the comparative scenario before and during the pandemic. The study is based on primary data. Respondents are surveyed through Google Forms. With the response of 342 respondents, primary data were processed and analyzed. Descriptive analyses were conducted to carry out the output. Inferential analysis was applied somewhere to scrutinize the result. The study reveals that there are significant changes in work patterns and travel patterns of office workers in Bangladesh due to COVID-19. People have shifted from offline to online activities. Travel time and trip frequency per week have been reduced greatly. The usage of the bus has reduced rapidly. Instead, people have started to walk or use a rickshaw, and bicycles. In many cases, offices have provided vehicles. The degree of these changes varies among different socioeconomic groups of people. This study is a useful resource for new policy-making insights and could inspire subsequent research.

11.
Sn Computer Science ; 4(1):67, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2175615

ABSTRACT

The contagious Corona Virus (COVID-19) transmission can be reduced by following and maintaining physical distancing (also known as COVID-19 social distance). The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends preventing COVID-19 from spreading in public areas. On the other hand, people may not be maintaining the required 2-m physical distance as a mandated safety precaution in shopping malls and public places. The spread of the fatal disease may be slowed by an active monitoring system suitable for identifying distances between people and alerting them. This paper introduced a deep learning-based system for automatically detecting physical distance using video from security cameras. The proposed system introduced the TH-YOLOv5 for object detection and classification and Deepsort for tracking the detected people using bounding boxes from the video. TH-YOLOv5 included another prediction head to identify objects of varying sizes. The original prediction heads are then replaced with Transformer Heads (TH) to investigate the prediction capability of the self-attention mechanism. Then, we include the convolutional block attention model (CBAM) to identify attention areas in settings with dense objects. Pairwise L2 vectorized normalization was utilized to generate a three-dimensional feature space for tracking physical distances and the violation index, determining the number of individuals who follow the distance rules. We use the MS COCO and HumanCrowd, CityPersons, and Oxford Town Centre (OTC) data sets for training and testing. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed system obtained a weighted mAP score of 89.5% and an FPS score of 29;both are computationally comparable.

12.
Current Psychology ; : 1-21, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2175053

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has negatively impacted people's lives, neurobiological health, and general well-being throughout the world. South Asian countries have experienced high frequencies of psychiatric concerns that have worsened during the pandemic. This review aimed to determine the aggregated prevalence of common mental health problems (e.g., depression, fear, anxiety, stress, insomnia, and suicidal tendencies) and their associated factors among community populations in South Asian countries. Following the PRISMA guidelines, a comprehensive literature search was undertaken using multiple databases, including PubMed, Scopus, Global Health, Google Scholar and ResearchGate to retrieve articles. Overall, 22 articles were included. The prevalence of concerns ranged widely with respect to estimates of symptoms of depression (10.2-85.9%), fear (38.5-88.8%), anxiety (8.1-62.5%), stress (10.56-91.77%), and insomnia (13.32-53.45%). In addition, the prevalence of suicidal ideation was estimated to range between 5% and 8%. Factors associated with mental health concerns included socio-demographic, behavioral and health-related measures, and COVID-19 pandemic-related stressors. The findings suggest poor mental health among general populations in South Asia during the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, identifying individuals with mental health concerns and implementing interventions including mental health counseling appear warranted among these populations.

13.
Global Business and Organizational Excellence ; 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2173256

ABSTRACT

To cope with global crises, organizations go through various internal changes and adopt different survival strategies. Several researchers and practitioners have highlighted that employees are the key factors in implementing such changes. However, organizations often face difficulties in managing manpower effectively due to the complexities and ambiguities related to the said changes. To address this challenge, the present study proposes a comprehensive model to manage organizational change to effectively respond to global crises. This study highlights that "employee change-championing behavior” (ECB) – also known as effective change-supportive behavior of employees – is the key to successfully implementing the necessary organizational changes to tackle global crises. Utilizing the 3-Stage Lewin's Model of Change as the foundation for analysis, this study proposes for "transformational leadership style” to substitute the "unfreezing stage,” "trust in leadership and work engagement” to substitute the "moving stage,” and "employee change championing behavior” to substitute the "refreezing stage.” Additionally, this study found that transformational leadership (TL) influences employee change-championing behavior, while employee trust in leadership (ETL) influences employee work engagement (EWE). Moreover, trust in leadership and work engagement individually and sequentially mediate the relationship between TL and employee change-championing behavior. This study offers a unique perspective for business leaders on how to manage organizational changes during global crises. © 2022 Wiley Periodicals LLC.

14.
Health Science Reports ; 6(1), 2023.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2172954

ABSTRACT

Background and AimsProblematic internet use (PIU) by children and adolescents is a concern for many parents. Several factors, including students' education level, the method of instruction, the dependence on the internet, and their intended use of the internet, could all be contributing factors to PIU and depression. Disturbed mental health may be attributed to the cancellation of physical education classes because of the COVID-19 outbreak. This study aimed to assess the association of COVID-19 pandemic with PIU and depressive symptoms in adolescent students. MethodsWe performed this cross-sectional study among 491 school-going adolescents of 10 to 16 years. Self-administered questionnaires were applied to collect sociodemographic information and the internet usage pattern of the participants. We measured the prevalence of PIU and depressive symptoms using the PIU questionnaire (PIUQ-SF-6) and patient health questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). ResultsThe estimations of the risk group for PIU and depressive symptoms among school-going adolescents were 80.04% and 77.80%, respectively. The latent profiling of PIU scores for obsession, neglect, and control sub-groups were 5.82, 6.12, and 6.35, respectively. Moreover, we observed mild, moderate, and severe depressive symptoms in 48.68%, 27.70%, and 1.43% of cases. Age, education level, medium of education, financial impression, internet connection, the device used, the purpose for internet use, and the living status of respondents were significantly associated with the PIU. Reported mental health issues was associated with education level, medium of education, financial impression, and internet connection. ConclusionThe present study revealed an association of PIU and depressive symptoms with sociodemographic factors and internet usage patterns. Therefore, these results might have practical implications in clinical psychology, psychiatry, and psychotherapy. The healthcare professional can develop a context-specific comprehensive clinical intervention plan for children and adolescents.

15.
NEW STUDENT LITERACIES AMID COVID-19: International Case Studies ; 41:29-56, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2169747

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on higher education (HE) across the globe, including in Bangladesh. The Bangladeshi HE system is going through an abrupt transition and transformation to cope with the crisis. This chapter is based on data collected from teachers and students of Bangladeshi public and private HE institutions regarding teaching and learning during the COVID-19 lockdown. In Bangladesh, some universities switched to online distance teaching and learning quickly during this period, and others lagged behind in this regard. Teachers and students from both groups of public and private universities participated in the study, including those who attended online teaching and learning activities and those who did not participate. This chapter highlights both teachers' and students' perspectives regarding students' future preparedness for participating fully in the changing landscape of HE, especially technology-enhanced teaching and learning. Understanding these perspectives of teachers and students is important to address the digital divide and social justice issues in the policy and practice. Within the HE sector in Bangladesh, it is especially vital while transforming its education system and adapting emerging technologies to address the challenges of education in future emergencies.

16.
International Journal of Economics and Management ; 16(SpecialIssue1):59-80, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2206844

ABSTRACT

The study investigates the time-varying efficiency of the four most commonly traded international commodities from the U.S. Chicago Board of Options Exchange (CBOE) over a more extended period as well as during COVID-19. The study also explores how adaptive behavior of returns induces profitable opportunities in the commodity markets. Daily returns of commodity indices (gold, silver, oil, metal) are divided into subsamples of six years, to apply a battery of linear/nonlinear tests. The study uncovers the linear and nonlinear serial dependence in returns from commodities and finds evidence of time-varying volatility, thus consistent with the Adaptive Market Hypothesis over the full sample period. Moreover, returns from all the commodities are highly volatile and predictable during COVID-19. JEL Classification: G4, G41 © International Journal of Economics and Management. ISSN 1823-836X. e-ISSN 2600-9390.

17.
International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications ; 13(11):775-783, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2203975

ABSTRACT

Covid-19 has been marked as a pandemic worldwide caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Different studies are being conducted with a view to preventing and lessening the infections caused by covid-19. In future, many other wind-borne diseases may also appear and even emerge as "pandemic”. To prevent this, various measures should be an integral part of our daily life such as wearing face masks. It is tough to manually ensure individuals safety. The goal of this paper is to automate the process of contactless surveillance so that substantial prevention can be ensured against all kinds of wind-borne diseases. For automating the process, real time analysis and object detection is a must for which deep learning is the most efficient approach. In this paper, a deep learning model is used to check if a person takes any preventive measures. In our experimental analysis, we considered real time face mask detection as a preventive measure. We proposed a new face mask detection dataset. The accuracy of detecting a face mask along with the identity of a person achieved accuracy of 99.5%. The proposed model decreases time consumption as no human intervention is needed to check an individual person. This model helps to decrease infection risk by using a contactless automation system. © 2022,International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications. All Rights Reserved.

18.
International Journal of Public Health Science ; 12(1):303-310, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2203621

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected human being in multiple ways all over the world. Senior citizens are more likely to get sick from COVID-19 compared to other age groups. Little is known about ways to deliver the messages to adult people to get the best outcome. We conducted a direct telephone/mobile phone-based cross-sectional survey among individuals who were aged >60 years old in Bangladesh. Verbal consent was taken and the snowball sampling method was used to reach the participants. This study showed that the most common sources of information about COVID-19 were family members, relatives, friends, and electronic media. Hence, 36.8% participants perceived that the media massages about COVID-19 were difficult to understand. Meanwhile, 53% participants could not understand the meanings news and information as those were presented using unknown terminologies. From the findings it can be concluded that the media messages should be communicated in a way that are context-specific and understandable, especially using more convenient terminology for better understanding for all levels of people. © 2023, Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama. All rights reserved.

19.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13(3):823-829, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164809

ABSTRACT

This paper tried to explore the view of religious and non-religious people on severity of coronavirus disease 2019 in South Korea. Authors employs a survey method to investigate if religious people in South Korea have different opinions about the risk and dangers of coronavirus disease 2019 compared to non-religious people. The samples for this research were collected via Google Form and paper-pencil based from the university students of Korea. Correlation coefficient tests was performed and the difference-of-means t-test to see if there was a significant correlation between religiosity and the belief that the coronavirus is dangerous. The results showed that is no strong evidence to support our hypothesis. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

20.
Islamic Financial Markets and Institutions ; : 1-335, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2163970

ABSTRACT

The rapid pace of progress in the Islamic financial market and investment space, coupled with the COVID-19 pandemic and its aftermath and recovery, has provided the necessary challenges to build a strong case for Islamic investment. This timely and unique book focuses on the foundations of Islamic financial markets and institutions in the context of various products, their market application, Islamic asset management, and regulation. The authors provide a thorough overview of Islamic financing instruments and markets, such as Islamic debt and equity markets, through shares and the stock market, mutual funds, private equity, lease financing, Sukuk, green Sukuk, money market instruments, exchange-traded funds, cryptocurrencies, derivatives and so forth, which have emerged as alternative sources of financing. They offer insight into the numerous infrastructure institutions which have sprung up since the first decade of the new century, such as the Accounting and Auditing Organizations for Islamic Financial Institutions, Islamic Financial Services Board, Islamic International Rating Agency, and International Islamic Liquidity Management Corporation, as well as those being established, to satisfy different industry needs. With its uniquely competitive approach to the mainstream financial market, this book facilitates a greater understanding of the concept of Islamic investment. Through a discussion of the current state and future prospects of Islamic financial markets, the book's theoretical and practical approach offers academic, practitioners, researchers, students, and general readers a well-balanced overview of Islamic financial markets, its ethics, Shari'ah foundation, the instruments and operational mechanism used by Islamic capital, money, and debt markets. © 2023 Abul Hassan.

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