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1.
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction ; 17(1):8-17, 2023.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20235850

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Coronavirus infection is associated with severe endotheliopathy, thromboinflammation and immunothrombosis leading to excessive release of von Willebrand factor (vWF) multimers from Weibel-Palade bodies, which can affect activity of ADAMTS-13 metalloproteinase (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motif, member 13) and the ADAMTS-13/vWF axis previously shown by us to be altered in non-pregnant women with severe COVID-19. Aim(s): to study a clinical role of hemostasis activation particularly ADAMTS-13/vWF axis in pregnant women after COVID-19. Materials and Methods. A prospective case-control study was conducted with pregnant women (n = 135) divided into 3 groups: group 1 included 45 women with prior COVID-19 during pregnancy, group 2 - 45 women in the acute phase of the infection during pregnancy, group 3 - 45 healthy pregnant women. The level of vWF and ADAMTS-13 was assessed in all patients. Results. The concentration of vWF antigen (vWF:Ag) in the acute period of the disease in pregnant women with COVID-19 was significantly higher compared to the control group (p < 0.001). ADAMTS-13 level in pregnant women after COVID-19 did not differ from that of in control group, while vWF level was significantly higher in 66.7 % (30/45). The ADAMTS-13/vWF ratio was increased and significantly differed both in pregnant patients during the acute period of the disease (p < 0.001) and pregnant women after infection (p = 0.0002) compared with the control group. Conclusion. Our results show that endotheliopathy was prominently manifested in pregnant women with COVID-19 and persisted for several months after disease. The ADAMTS-13/vWF ratio determines the pathway functioning, the risk of microcirculation disorders and clinical complications.Copyright © 2023 Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo Universiteta, Yazyk i Literatura. All rights reserved.

2.
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction ; 17(1):8-17, 2023.
Article in Russian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2323193

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Coronavirus infection is associated with severe endotheliopathy, thromboinflammation and immunothrombosis leading to excessive release of von Willebrand factor (vWF) multimers from Weibel-Palade bodies, which can affect activity of ADAMTS-13 metalloproteinase (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motif, member 13) and the ADAMTS-13/vWF axis previously shown by us to be altered in non-pregnant women with severe COVID-19. Aim: to study a clinical role of hemostasis activation particularly ADAMTS-13/vWF axis in pregnant women after COVID-19. Materials and Мethods. A prospective case-control study was conducted with pregnant women (n = 135) divided into 3 groups: group 1 included 45 women with prior COVID-19 during pregnancy, group 2 - 45 women in the acute phase of the infection during pregnancy, group 3 - 45 healthy pregnant women. The level of vWF and ADAMTS-13 was assessed in all patients. Results. The concentration of vWF antigen (vWF:Ag) in the acute period of the disease in pregnant women with COVID-19 was significantly higher compared to the control group (p < 0.001). ADAMTS-13 level in pregnant women after COVID-19 did not differ from that of in control group, while vWF level was significantly higher in 66.7 % (30/45). The ADAMTS-13/vWF ratio was increased and significantly differed both in pregnant patients during the acute period of the disease (p < 0.001) and pregnant women after infection (p = 0.0002) compared with the control group. Conclusion. Our results show that endotheliopathy was prominently manifested in pregnant women with COVID-19 and persisted for several months after disease. The ADAMTS-13/vWF ratio determines the pathway functioning, the risk of microcirculation disorders and clinical complications. © 2023 Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo Universiteta, Yazyk i Literatura. All rights reserved.

3.
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction ; 17(1):8-17, 2023.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2314763

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Coronavirus infection is associated with severe endotheliopathy, thromboinflammation and immunothrombosis leading to excessive release of von Willebrand factor (vWF) multimers from Weibel-Palade bodies, which can affect activity of ADAMTS-13 metalloproteinase (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motif, member 13) and the ADAMTS-13/vWF axis previously shown by us to be altered in non-pregnant women with severe COVID-19. Aim(s): to study a clinical role of hemostasis activation particularly ADAMTS-13/vWF axis in pregnant women after COVID-19. Materials and Methods. A prospective case-control study was conducted with pregnant women (n = 135) divided into 3 groups: group 1 included 45 women with prior COVID-19 during pregnancy, group 2 - 45 women in the acute phase of the infection during pregnancy, group 3 - 45 healthy pregnant women. The level of vWF and ADAMTS-13 was assessed in all patients. Results. The concentration of vWF antigen (vWF:Ag) in the acute period of the disease in pregnant women with COVID-19 was significantly higher compared to the control group (p < 0.001). ADAMTS-13 level in pregnant women after COVID-19 did not differ from that of in control group, while vWF level was significantly higher in 66.7 % (30/45). The ADAMTS-13/vWF ratio was increased and significantly differed both in pregnant patients during the acute period of the disease (p < 0.001) and pregnant women after infection (p = 0.0002) compared with the control group. Conclusion. Our results show that endotheliopathy was prominently manifested in pregnant women with COVID-19 and persisted for several months after disease. The ADAMTS-13/vWF ratio determines the pathway functioning, the risk of microcirculation disorders and clinical complications.Copyright © 2023 Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo Universiteta, Yazyk i Literatura. All rights reserved.

4.
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction ; 16(1):81-89, 2022.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1979782

ABSTRACT

Thrombosis of the umbilical cord vessels is a rare complication of pregnancy, combined with a high level of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Anomalies of vascular attachment (velamentous attachment), pathology of the umbilical cord (hyperspiralization, short or long umbilical cord), intrauterine infections, maternal diabetes mellitus and preeclampsia as well as meconium found in the amniotic fluid are among the risk factors of developing thrombosis in the umbilical cord vessels. Here we present two clinical observations of umbilical vein thrombosis at full-term pregnancy. In both cases, during pregnancy and childbirth, no signs of umbilical cord pathology were found according to cardiotocography and Doppler ultrasound;despite this, the children were born in hypoxic state. Both newborns were transferred to the second stage of treatment due to suspected intrauterine pneumonia. Velamentous attachment, intrauterine infections as well as meconium found in the amniotic fluid were the risk factors of developing umbilical vein thrombosis described in case 1 and case 2, respectively. During pregnancy, both female patients suffered from clinically confirmed novel coronavirus infection (COVID-19) and contacted patients with COVID-19 in the third trimester of gestation. It is likely that endothelial damage caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 was one of the risk factors for the development of umbilical vein thrombosis, but this issue requires to be further explored.

5.
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction ; 15(3):321-329, 2021.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1527053

ABSTRACT

The article presents a clinical case of a severe course of a novel coronavirus infection (COVID-19) that complicated the postpartum period in a patient who underwent cesarean section and resulted in lethal outcome on day 43 after delivery. This observation demonstrates the variety of clinical manifestations of a novel coronavirus infection, masking a severe systemic intravascular catastrophe in a puerperal woman.

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