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Open Forum Infect Dis ; 9(11): ofac596, 2022 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2135527


Background: Studies on the pulmonary consequences of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection are impeded by limited access to pre-SARS-CoV-2 examinations. Methods: We invited Copenhagen General Population Study participants with a confirmed SARS-CoV-2 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test during the first and second coronavirus disease 2019 waves in Denmark for a repeat chest computed tomography (CT) scan. Paired CT scans were independently assessed for interstitial and noninterstitial abnormalities by 2 trained radiologists. A semiquantitative CT score (ranging from 0 to 20) was used to quantify the extent of interstitial abnormalities. Results: Of 111 SARS-CoV-2-infected individuals, 102 (91.2%) experienced symptoms and 12 (11.2%) were hospitalized. Follow-up examination was performed at median of 5.4 (interquartile range, 4.1-7.8) months after a positive SARS-CoV-2 PCR test. Of 67 individuals with paired CT scans, ground glass opacities and reticulation were present in 31 (46.3%) individuals post-SARS-CoV-2 compared to 23 (34.1%) pre-SARS-CoV-2 (mean CT score, 3.0 vs 1.3; P = .011). Results were similar for nonhospitalized individuals. We did not detect development of bronchiectasis, emphysema, or nodules. Conclusions: SARS-CoV-2 infection in predominantly nonhospitalized individuals with mild disease was associated with a small increase in only interstitial lung abnormalities.

J Infect Dis ; 225(8): 1308-1316, 2022 04 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1705456


BACKGROUND: To quantify the potential decline in dynamic lung volumes following coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the general population. METHODS: A prospective matched cohort study of adult Copenhagen General Population Study (CGPS) participants with a prepandemic spirometry available. CGPS individuals with positive severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test performed repeat spirometry, a questionnaire regarding respiratory symptoms, and diffusing capacity test for carbon monoxide. A matched uninfected CGPS control sample was used, and simple regression and linear mixed effect models were computed to study lung function decline. RESULTS: A total of 606 individuals were included; 92/107 (85.9%) with positive SARS-CoV-2 PCR test experienced coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) symptoms and 12 (11.2%) were hospitalized. Spirometry was performed at median 5.6 months (interquartile range, 3.9-12.8) after positive SARS-CoV-2 PCR test. COVID-19 was associated with adjusted 7.3 mL (95% confidence interval [CI], .3-14.3) and 22.6 mL (95% CI, 13.1-32.0) steeper decline in annual forced expiratory volume in first second (FEV1) and FVC or total 113.8 and 301.3 mL lower FEV1 and FVC from baseline to follow-up. Results were robust in analyses restricted to individuals not requiring hospitalization. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19-related declines of dynamic lung volume in the general population not requiring hospitalization were small but measurable.

COVID-19 , Adult , Cohort Studies , Humans , Lung , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Vital Capacity