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Nobel Medicus ; 19(1):5-10, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2322746


Objective: Acute-phase proteins are a family of proteins synthesized by the liver. With this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of COVID-19 infection on acute phase reactants (AFR) and determine the usability of AFRs as prognostic factors in COVID-19 disease. Material(s) and Method(s): Serum samples taken for routine analysis of the patients admitted to the Emergency Department and diagnosed with COVID-19, were used. AFR levels of 30 patients who resulted in mortality and 30 recovered patients were evaluated. C-reactive protein (CRP), ferritin (FER), ceruloplasmin (Cp), albumin (Alb), prealbumin (Prealb), transferrin (Trf), lactate, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE), and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) assessment was performed. Result(s): The hazard ratio and 95% confidence interval for FER, CRP, lactate, Alb, Cp, Prealb, Trf, Age, SOFA, and APACHE were 1.001 (1.000-1.001), 1.005 (1.001- 1.008), 1.141 (1.016-1.243), 1.016 (0.740-1.399), 1.016 (0.740-1.399), 1.056 (1.017-1.100), 0.978 (0.917-1.035), 1.000 (0.995-1.006), 1.032 (1.004- 1.064), 1.104 (0.971-1.247), and 1.012 (0.974-1.051), respectively, in univariable model. Only CRP, lactate, and FER found significant in multivariable model. In addition, patients in the nonsurvivors group had significantly higher FER, CRP, lactate, APACHE, age, and SOFA. Nonsurvivors also had lower Alb, Prealb, and serum Trf level compared to survivors. Conclusion(s): CRP, lactate, and FER, which we have shown to be significantly higher in severe COVID-19 patients, will be valuable parameters that will contribute to clinical improvement if they are used in the follow-up of patients due to their easy measurement and predictive values.Copyright © 2023, Nobelmedicus. All rights reserved.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(12): 4497-4508, 2022 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1924920


OBJECTIVE: Methylprednisolone is commonly used to attenuate the cytokine storm and prevent mortality in COVID-19 pneumonia. However, the optimal methylprednisolone dose and duration are unclear. Additional data are required on the effectiveness of methylprednisolone in reducing mortality in COVID-19. This real-life retrospective study aimed to analyze the data of a COVID-19 dedicated ICU and compare the mortality rates of standard care, low-dose, and pulse-dose methylprednisolone in patients requiring mechanical ventilatory support. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Methylprednisolone's indication, dose, and duration were determined according to the severity of COVID-19 pneumonia based on the patient's demographic parameters, comorbidities, laboratory data, radiology, and arterial blood gas analysis results. 867 patients were grouped as: no methylprednisolone (standard care), low-dose (0.5-1 mg/kg/day) methylprednisolone or pulse-dose (250-1,000 mg/day) methylprednisolone. RESULTS: The overall mortality rate was 63.78%. Adjusting the dose of methylprednisolone according to the severity of the disease resulted in statistically similar mortality rates despite the increase in disease severity. Mortality was 62.71% in standard treatment, 65.76% in low-dose, and 62.10% in pulse-dose methylprednisolone groups (p = 0.633). Invasive mechanical ventilation at admission was associated with increased mortality (HR: 1.826 [95% CI: 1.542-2.161]; p < 0.001). Hematologic disorders and malignancies, arterial blood pH and HCO3, neutrophil count, and NLR at admission were also associated with mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Personalizing the dose and duration of methylprednisolone according to the patient's disease severity assessed with demographic, clinical, and laboratory results may benefit mortality in severe COVID-19 patients receiving ventilatory support in the ICU. Hematologic disorders and malignancies, arterial blood pH and HCO3, neutrophil count, and NLR at admission were associated with mortality in our patient cohort.

COVID-19 Drug Treatment , Neoplasms , Critical Illness , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies