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COVID ; 2(11):1594-1608, 2022.
Article in English | MDPI | ID: covidwho-2109969


The present study examined the prevalence and correlates of psychosocial impairment in a large, national sample of Peruvian children and adolescents (ages 5.0–17.9) during the COVID-19 pandemic in late 2020. A sample of 8263 online questionnaires were completed by caregivers in Peru between October 23rd–November 26th, 2020. In addition to sociodemographic and pandemic-related factors, the survey administered the Peruvian Spanish version of the Pediatric Symptom Checklist (PSC-17) to assess child psychosocial risk. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Kessler-6 (K-6), and Brief Resilience Scale (BRS-6) assessed caregiver depression, psychological distress, and resilience, respectively. In this case, 33% of the children were at overall risk on the PSC-17. In adjusted models, caregiver distress, depression, and low resilience, as well as having a family member with a health risk factor were the strongest predictors of child psychosocial risk, accounting for nearly 1.2 to 2.1 times the likelihood of risk individually and 2.4 to 3.4 times the likelihood of risk when summed. Due to the opt-in sampling method, the obtained sample was likely skewed toward more advantaged families, suggesting that the study's high prevalence of PSC-17 positivity might have been even higher in a more economically representative sample. Given the prevalence of psychosocial problems in Peruvian youth during COVID-19, preventive interventions, with a special focus on family-level approaches that involve and support parents as well as children, are clearly warranted.

Contemporary Pediatrics ; 38(6):34-35, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1292413


Sadly, accidents, many of which are preventable, are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children and teenagers. Given an adolescent's less-developed sense of judgment and often heightened self-confidence, teenagers don't often stop to ask, "should I take this risk?" Children and adolescents with short attention spans, impulsivity, and depression are at increased risk, because these conditions further impair judgment and result in less consideration about safety. Have there been forthright conversations about being vulnerable when drunk and how parents will react to a call for help if that call avoids a dangerous situation?

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry ; 60(6): 667-668, 2021 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1269288


During my residency training in pediatrics and child/adolescent psychiatry (1973-1979), I wondered how pediatricians would identify children with psychosocial problems. Some behavioral problems were obvious because the school or parent had raised a concern. Most pediatricians would ask 1 or 2 psychosocial questions, and some, attuned to emotional issues, would identify children based on their clinical impressions. However, the few studies that had been done at the time indicated that the rates of psychosocial problems identified in pediatric primary care were far lower than predicted by epidemiological studies. Therefore, I began the work to create a screening questionnaire.

Mental Disorders , Pediatrics , Adolescent , Adolescent Psychiatry , Checklist , Child , Family , Humans , Mental Disorders/diagnosis , Surveys and Questionnaires