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1.
Revista De Ciencias Humanas Da Universidade De Taubate ; 15(1), 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2308342

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 is a deadly viral infection that kills many people throughout the globe. The goal of this study was to find out how people in Pakistan felt about the COVID-19 vaccine.Method: Convenience and respondent-driven sampling method was used to conduct an online survey with 15 closed-and open-ended questions to a sample of 330 participants. The proportion of people who had a positive attitude towards vaccination vs. those who had a negative attitude towards vaccination was revealed by the closed-ended questions. The open-ended questions elicited qualitative data on why peo-ple accepted or rejected the vaccination.Results: 62.9% of the total number of respondents, male 1.97 times more likely (OR: 1.97, CI: 1.08-3.58) than female, 80% younger than 50 years, higher age groups, 71.3% married, 69.3% of the working population intended to get vaccinated with COVID-19 vaccine. People who held pro-vaccine health beliefs, had knowledge of, access to the COVID-19 vaccine, were employed, or under government pressure to get vaccinated, or visited public vaccination location, reported a positive attitude towards vaccination. People with safety concerns, social pressure of not getting vaccinated, low levels of awareness, trust and belonging to communities with anti-vaccination beliefs were likely to have negative attitudes towards COVID-19 vaccine.Conclusion: This study helps to identify the attitudes of people and has implications for COVID-19 immunization efforts in Pakistan for various population segments.

2.
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research ; 16(8):DC01-DC06, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1988471

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Recent pandemic have showed importance of adequate availability of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) most importantly the face mask and training of Healthcare Workers (HCWs) for its proper usage for protection from various infections to maintain smooth functioning of healthcare facility. Aim: To examine practices and barriers to compliance regarding face mask usage among HCWs. Materials and Methods: The present study was a cross-sectional observational analytical study which was conducted at Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Medical College and Hospital, Delhi, India, from 30th June, 2020 to 24th July, 2020 during Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Data was collected through semi-structured bilingual online questionnaire using Google form based on recommendations for mask use by World Health Organisation (WHO) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Data was recorded in MS Excel and Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 16.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Qualitative data was expressed in percentages and continuous data was summarised in mean±Standard Deviation (SD). Chi-square test was used to check the association between the categorical variables. Results: Total 362 HCWs submitted responses, of which 44.7% respondents wore N95 masks to protect themselves from COVID-19. Only 34.2% were satisfied with availability of masks in healthcare facility. Itching and sweating on part inside mask was major problem faced by 52.8% of respondents. Only 58% followed proper hand hygiene precautions while handling mask whereas 62.7% took proper measures while doffing. Conclusion: There appears to be a lack of awareness about proper hand hygiene while handling mask, appropriate precautions for reuse and doffing. Availability of mask also needs to be addressed. Regular trainings are needed to increase awareness, improve behaviour and practices regarding mask usage for prevention of occupational spread of infection among HCWs.

3.
Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology ; 37(1), 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1902438

ABSTRACT

Background: To evaluate the prevalence of olfactory dysfunction (OD) in the Indian population and to establish olfactory dysfunction as a screening tool in COVID-19-positive patients. Data was collected using a questionnaire from laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 patients. The patient’s demographic and clinical details were analyzed to calculate the prevalence of olfactory dysfunction, general symptoms like fever, cough, malaise, diarrhea, along with the sinonasal symptoms. All the symptoms were self-reported, and no objective tests were carried out. Results: Out of 646 laboratory-confirmed cases of COVID-19 infection, olfactory dysfunction was self-reported by 465 (72%) patients and gustatory dysfunction (GD) was seen in 406 (62.8%) patients. The affected males (416) were proportionately more than females (230), with the mean age of our study population being 39.47 ± 13.85 (range 18–85 years). The most common symptoms were myalgia (n = 494, 76.5%), cough (n = 471, 72.9%), and fever (n = 444, 68.7%). Out of 465 patients with olfactory dysfunction, only 108 (23.2%) reported nasal obstruction. Five hundred thirty-three (82.5%) RT-PCR-positive patients did not give a history of smoking;however, co-morbidity was reported by 163 patients, of which 117 were found to have olfactory dysfunction. One hundred seventy (26.3%) patients gave a positive contact history. 13.6% reported olfactory dysfunction as their first symptom. A positive association was seen between olfactory dysfunction and gustatory dysfunction Conclusions: Our study demonstrates a high prevalence of 72% in the Indian population. We recommend that anosmia be used as a screening tool to identify mild to moderate cases of COVID-19. © 2021, The Author(s).

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